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مراجعة جرامر ثالثة ثانوي.. السببيه - Causative

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مراجعة جرامر ثالثة ثانوي.. السببيه - Causative

مراجعة جرامر ثالثة ثانوي .
 السببيه - Causative فى كلمتين للصف الثالث الثانوى 
We use a causative verb when we want to talk about something that someone else did for us or for another person. It means that the subject caused the action to happen, but didn't do it themselves. Maybe they paid, or asked, or persuaded the other person to do it. For example, we can say:
I cleaned my house. (This means I cleaned it myself).
If I paid someone to clean it, of course I can say:
A cleaner cleaned my house.
But, another way is to use a causative construction. So I can also say:
I had my house cleaned.
In a sense, using a causative verb is similar to using a passive. The important thing is that the house is now clean. We don't focus on who did the cleaning.

Have + object + past participle (have something done)

We usually use 'have something done' when we are talking about paying someone to do something for us. It's often used for services. The form is 'subject + have + object + past participle'.
I had my car washed.
John will have his house painted.
Get + object + past participle (get something done)

We can also use 'subject + get + object + past participle'. This has the same meaning as 'have', but is less formal.
The students get their essays checked.
I'll get my hair cut next week.
He got his washing machine fixed.
Try an exercise about 'have something done' and 'get something done' here.

Have someone do something (have + person + infinitive)

We can also use the construction 'subject + have + person + infinitive'. This has a very similar meaning to 'have something done', which we've already talked about, but this time we say who did the thing - we talk about the person who we asked to do the thing for us.
I had the electrician look at my broken light.
The doctor will have the nurse call the patients.
The teacher had the students write the answers on the whiteboard.
Get someone to do something (get + person + to + infinitive)

Finally, we can also use the construction 'get + someone + to + infinitive'. Again, this means that you cause the other person to do the action, maybe by paying them to do it, or by asking them to do it, or by persuading them to do it.
She gets her son to do his homework by promising him ice cream when he's finished.
I got the cleaner to clean under the cupboards.
Sometimes, this construction has the feeling that we needed to convince someone to do something, while the other constructions on this page are neutral.




شرح جرامر الوحدة الثامنة السببية 3ثانوي
Grammar Causative
شرح منهج اللغة الانجليزية الجديد للصف الثالث الثانوى


قائمة تشغيل كل فيديوهات اللغة الانجليزية ثانوية عامة 2020/2021
https://www.youtube.com/playlist...
كورس تمهيدى لتأسيس الانجليزى ثانوية عامة 2021 جرامر

تعاليق

Mr.Riad
الشرح التفصيلى عن السببية او المفعول لأجله Causative.
Causative Form
The causative form is used when we do not do something ourselves,
but we arrange for somebody else to do it for us.
تُستخدم الصيغة السببية عندما لا نفعل شيئا بأنفسنا, ولكننا نرتب لأن يقوم به شخص آخر لنا.
We painted the house last month. (We did it ourselves.)
طلينا المنزل الشهر الماضي.     (لاحظ في المثال أننا قمنا بالطلاء بأنفسنا).
We had/got the house painted last month. (A painter did it.)
طلينا المنزل الشهر الماضي.     (لاحظ في المثال أننا طلينا المنزل لكن ليس بأنفسنا قام بذلك احدهم كشركة طلاء أو غيرها).
The causative form is formed as follows:
صيغة الشكل السببي كالتالي:
subject + have/get + object + past participle
الفاعل +  have أو get + المفعول به + التصريف الثالث للفعل
مراجعة جرامر ثالثة ثانوي.. السببيه - Causative  13101
Note:
- The interrogative and negative forms of the Present Simple and the Past Simple are formed with the auxiliaries do/does and did.
كل من صيغ الاستفهام والنفي من المضارع البسيط والماضي البسيط تُصاغ مع الأفعال المساعدة do, does, did
How often do you have your hair cut?
كم لك من المدة وقد قصصت شعرك؟
Saleh didn’t have his hair cut yesterday.
لم يقص صالح شعره بالأمس.
- In informal language we can use get instead of have.
في اللغة غير الرسمية كاللغة (المتحدثة)  فإن بإمكاننا استخدام get بدلا من have .
I must get the TV set repaired.
يجب أن أصلح التلفاز.             (يعني آخذه لأحدهم ليتسبب في إصلاحة أو يأتي أحدهم لإصلاحة)
- If we want to mention who performs the action, we can add by + agent at the end of the sentence.
She always has her hair dyed by a hairdresser.

- If we want to mention who performs the action, we can add by + agent at the end of the sentence.
إذا أردنا الإشارة إلى من أدى الحدث, فإن بإمكاننا أن نضيف  by  + الفاعل في نهاية الجملة.
She always has her hair dyed by a hairdresser.
دائما تصبغ شعرها من قبل مصفف الشعر.
- have someone do something = make someone do something
have someone do something يعني اجعل أحدهم يقوم بشيء ما.
get someone to do something = persuade someone to do something get someone to do something يعني اقنع احدهم بالقيام بشيء ما.
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