هذه هي نصوص قطع الفهم و نصوص قطع الإستماع Unit 1: Reach for the stars Tape script: Interviewer : Thank you for coming into the studio this morning. Could you start by telling the listeners what you’re doing this week? Astronaut : Well, this is a very special week for me. Tomorrow afternoon, I’m travelling with two other astronauts to a secret location. The launch is at 7.50 the next evening. Interviewer : How exciting! Will this be the first time you’ve been in space? Astronaut : Yes it will. I’m really looking forward to it. Interviewer : What is your mission, exactly? Astronaut : We have to repair equipment on the international Space Station. Interviewer : What’s the problem? Astronaut : There are two or three things we need to look at, but the main problem is the temperature control system. We think there may be a leak of some kind. Interviewer : Is that a difficult job? Astronaut : No, not particularly, but we’ll almost certainly need to spend some time working outside. Interviewer : Do you mean a spacewalk? Astronaut : Yes, maybe, but we won’t know for sure until we’re there and can examine the equipment properly. Interviewer : Isn’t that really dangerous? Astronaut : Not really – we’ve had a lot of training and of course we’re going to be very careful. Interviewer : How long will you be in space for? Astronaut : We’ll probably be there for about five or six days. It depends on how serious the problems are. Interviewer : That’s very exciting. Thank you for talking to us. And good luck with your mission! Astronaut : Thank you. Unit 1: Reach for the stars Reading passage: Space Holidays July 2009 was the 40th anniversary of man first walking on the Moon. Ever since that day, we have been promised that holidays in space are not far away. Now a representative for the World Tourism Organisation predicts that, in the next ten years, people will be queuing to book their holidays in space. They will fly by rocket to a space station which will be orbiting the Earth at a height of 320 kilometres – that is about the same as the distance from Cairo to El-Minya. The space station itself will be like giant spinning wheel with spokes like a bike wheel. There will be two kinds of spokes: those with ordinary gravity for weightless sports. Some people who are interested in space holidays are worried that, as space tourists, they will suffer from the same horrible side effects as astronauts have suffered from, but experts say that there are now treatments for most side effects. Just think about such a holiday in space. Everyone who has travelled in space has described the magical feeling of looking down on the Earth as it spins below you. It will be impossible to go shopping or go for a walk, but think of the fun you can have with weightless football or weightless gymnastics. For most people, the main disadvantage at the moment is the cost of space holidays. Currently, the cost of a holiday is very high. But like everything else, the more people want to do something, the cheaper it will become. So, if you are interested, start saving now! Unit 2: Hope: The Prisoner of Zenda Listening script Presenter: In today’s Book Program, we’re going to hear about the life and work the writer Anthony Hope. In the studio we have Professor David Lyons from the University of South London. Professor Lyons, Anthony Hope is well known for his adventure novels, but what sort of a man was he? Was he like his heroes? Professor Lyons: Not in the least. Anthony Hope was a well-educated English lawyer who started writing in his free time. Presenter: Could you tell us something about his early life? Professor Lyons: Yes, of course. Anthony Hope was born near London in 1863. After finishing school, he went to Oxford University, where he studied classics. He was interested in politics and was a good speaker in university debates. After Oxford, he trained as a lawyer and started working in London in 1887. Presenter: So how did you start writing? Professor Lyons: Well, as in those days have plenty of free time - so Hope wrote short stories for magazines. He wrote his first novel, a Man of Mark, in 1890, but had to pay for the publication himself. Presenter: How about his most famous book, The Prisoner of Zenda? Did he pay for that? Professor Lyons: No. By then, he was already a successful novelist. The amazing thing about this book was how quickly he wrote it. He first had the idea in late 1893 and the book was published in April 1894. It was immediately successful. Presenter: What was so special about The Prisoner of Zenda? Professor Lyons: Well, it’s a very exciting adventure story which takes place in a fictional European country. I think it was so popular because it’s not about everyday lives- people like escapism. Presenter: Did Hope marry? Professor Lyons: Yes, he did. In 1903, he went on a speaking tour to other countries and met Betty Somerville. The couple were married later that year, then came back to England, where they had two sons and a daughter. Presenter: And did he continue writing? Professor Lyons: yes, in all he wrote thirty-two works of fiction, but The Prisoner of Zenda was always his most popular story. It made him a lot of money. A lot of firms have been based on the story, and the public still enjoy reading it today. Presenter: Thank you, Professor Lyons - that was most interesting. If you haven’t read The Prisoner of Zenda yet, borrow it from your local library. It’s one of those books you just can’t put down. Unit 2. Reading Passage The prisoner of Zenda The story takes place in nineteenth-century Europe. Rudolf Rassendyll, a wealthy Englishman, if the cousin of Rudolf Elphberg, who is about to become the new king of Ruritania, a fictional country in central Europe. Rudolf Rassendyll decides to travel to Ruritania to attend the coronation of his cousin, who he has not met before. Soon after he arrives, he is walking through a forest where he meets the future king. The two men of surprised to discover that they are so unlike: they are almost identical twins. The cousins talk excitedly about the coronation. However, on the night before the great occasion, Rudolf Elphberg is kidnapped by his younger brother Michael and locked in the castle in the town of Zenda. Although Michael does not have the right to be the next king of the country, he is popular with some of the people of Ruritania. He wants to stop the coronation so that he can become the next king himself. Rudolf Rassendyll solves the problem by taking his cousin place. Because the two men look so alike, nobody realizes what is happening and the coronation takes place as planned. While Rudolf Elphberg remains in the castle, Rudolf Rassendyll lives the life of the king and spends time with his cousin’s friends. At the same time, he realizes that he cannot remain the king of Ruritania forever. He decides to rescue Rudolf Elphberg. The story ends happily for Elphberg when he finally becomes the new king. Michael dies. Rassendyll says goodbye to his friends and leaves the country. The people of Ruritania never find out what has really happened. Unit three. Energy Listening script Interviewer: doctors Zaki, I have heard that we get energy from rocks under the earth. Could you explain how for our listeners? Dr. Zaki: yes, of course. Would get energy from the heat inside the earth. This is known as geothermal energy. “Geo” means earth and “thermal” means heat. Interviewer: but rocks are cold, aren’t they? Dr. Zaki: not all rocks or cold. Below the surface of the earth, the pressure is so great that rocks are in a very hot, liquid form. We say that these rocks or molten. Interviewer: I see. Dr. Zaki: the molten rock heats underground lakes of water. Sometimes, steam is produced like this. When the hot water comes up through a hole in the earth’s surface, that’s when we get hot springs. Interviewer: Is this like the hot water that comes up in the Siwa Oasis? Dr. Zaki: that’s right. Interviewer: that’s very interesting. But I don’t understand how we can use energy from these molten rocks. Dr. Zaki: well, using today’s technology, we drill deep below the earth’s surface into the underground lakes of hot water. This water is then pumped to the surface and is heated again to make steam. This team is then piped to a power station where it is connected to machines which produce electricity. Interviewer: this incredible. So we do this a ready? Dr. Zaki: yes. There are geothermal powers stations that produce as much energy as two large coal power stations. Interviewer: well, doctor thank you for talking to us about this very interesting subject. Dr. Zaki: it’s been a pleasure.