تجميع لاهم القواعد من مستر سعيد ابراهيم

صفحة 1 من اصل 2 1, 2  الصفحة التالية

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05062011

مُساهمة 

. تجميع لاهم القواعد من مستر سعيد ابراهيم




1- Would you mind + V + ing ? ♠ borrow ► lend
2- Would you mind if I ( مصدر )
3- I / we / they / he / she { don’t / doesn’t } mind + V + ing
♠ Nadia says she’s happy to help me . = Nadia doesn’t mind helping me .
4- I would rather + ( مصدر )
5- I prefer + V + ing / اسم to V + ing / اسم
6- فاعل charged مفعول with + V + ing
7- فاعل accused of + V + ing
8- فاعل blamed for + V + ing
9- فاعــــــل suggested + V + ing

♠ Are you sorry you didn’t come to the party ? = Do you regret not coming to the party ?
♠ I am glad I started my own business . = I don’t regret starting my own business .
10-The function of اسم is to مصدر
11- فاعل Used to مصدر
12- فاعل ( am - is – are ) used to { V + ing }
13- ( in – for – on – with – about – at –by – of ) V + ing
14-فاعل apologized for + V + ing
apologized for not + V + ing
15- فاعل offered to مصدر
16- فاعل should مصدر
ought to مصدر = فاعل { am / is / are } supposed to مصدر
17- فاعل should have + P.P
ought to have + P.P = فاعل { was / were } supposed to مصدر
18- فاعل + ماضى بسيط ……………. ago .
18- فاعل + started + V + ing ………….. ago . has / have been + V + ing اذا وجدنا
19- جملة ( سبب ) so / consequently / that’s why / as a result / therefore جملة ( نتيجة)
He was ill ………… he didn’t go to school .
20- فاعل ( am / is / are ) able to مصدر
21- فاعل ( am / is / are ) capable of + V + ing
22- اسم شىء enable him to مصدر
23-Although فعل + فاعل Despite V + ing
Even though In spite of
Though because of اسم
because فاعل + BE + صفة due to ضمير ملكية + اسم
since / as is owing to
are on account of the صفة + اسم
through
24-In addition to
Besides V + ing , فاعل + فعل
As well as
♠ I as well as my brother ………….. student . { am – is – are – be }
25- جمــــــــلة so as to
in order to مصدر
so as not to
جمـــــــــــــــلة so that فاعل { can / could } + مصدر
in order that
26-However حال \ صفة ly +فاعل + فعل , فاعل + فعل
جمـــــــــــــلة , however جمــــــــــــــــلة
♠ Whatever اسم + فاعل + فعل , جمـــــــــــــلة
صفـــــــــة as فاعل + فعل , جمــــــــــــــلة
27- Not onlyفعل مساعد + فاعل + فعل but also فاعل + فعل
أو
( do-does-did ) فاعل + مصدر but also ~ ~ + ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ but اسم as well.

28- 1- If فاعل ( مصدر / مصدر + s ) , فاعل will + مصدر نستخدم الحالة الأولى اذا كانت الجملة مضارع / أمر/ مستقبل

2- If فاعل ( ed - شاذ ) , فاعل would + مصدر don’t / doesn’t نستخدم الحالة الثانية اذا وجدنا
has no / have no
3- If فاعل had + p.p , فاعل would have + p.p . didn’t / was نستخدم الحالة الثالثة للجملة الماضي
studied / went
If فاعل were + صفة , فاعل would + مصدر am not / is not / are not نستخدم حالة التمنى ل
am / is / are
If I were you , I'd مصدر / I wouldn't + مصدر النفى يتحول الى الأثبات و العكس حسب المعنى
نستخدم حالة النصيحة لأعطاء النصائح
as / because نعكس الجمل اذا وجدنا
♠ تطبق قواعد if عند استخدام unless مع مراعاة النفى و الأثبات و معنى الجملة
♠ فاعل will / won’t + مصدر unless فاعل + مضارع بسيط
if فاعل ( don’t / doesn’t ) + مصدر

29 - فاعل will / can + مصدر provided فاعل+ مضارع بسيط
as long as
if / only if
30-In case of V + ing , فاعل will مصدر
31-Without / But for V + ing , فاعل ( won't / wouldn't مصدر + (
Wouldn't have p.p .
32- Were فاعل to مصدر , فاعل would + مصدر = حالة ثانية
33-Had فاعل + p.p , فاعل Would have + p.p = حالة ثالثة
34- If فاعل ( مصدر + s( مصدر , فاعل ( مصدر + s( مصدر تستخدم الحالة الصفرية للتحدث عن الحقائق و خواص المواد
شىء ( is / are + P.P ) , فاعل ( مصدر + s( مصدر
35- فاعل will + مصدر hope نستخدم هذه الحالة للتنبوء / قرار سريع / حقيقة فى المستقبل و نحذف
فاعل am / is / are + V + ing arranged نستخدم هذه الحالة لعمل ترتيب فى
فاعل am / is / are + going to + مصدر decide / intend / plan نستخدم هذه الحالة لعمل نية / حدث له دليل الأن
37- فاعل ( has – have ) + p.p since 1988 / yesterday / last week / this morning
his childhood / 4 o'clock / then / جملة ماضي
38- فاعل ( has – have ) + p.p for 6 years / the last week / 5 hours / فترة زمنية
2 days / a week / a month / long time / ages

39-It's فترة زمنية since فاعل + ( ed - شاذ ) .
40-Since فاعل ( ed - شاذ ) , فاعل ( has – have ) + p.p
41- The last time / فاعل last ……. / It's فترة اذا وجدنا هذة الكلمات ♣

نســــــتخدم: ♣
فاعل ( hasn't - haven't ) p.p for …………
since …………

( still - began – started ) اذا وجدنا هذة الكلمات ♣
نســـتخدم
42- فاعل ( has – have ) been + V + ing since …………
for ………….
43- فاعل ( hasn't - haven't ) + p.p yet .
44- فاعل ( has - have ) + p.p recently .
فاعل + مضارع تام نفى او اثبات lately .
passiveالمبنى للمجهول
-1المفعول به
Verb to Be -2 في زمن الجمـــــلة
* is / are إذا كانت الجملة مضارع بسيط ( plays / play)
* was / were , , , , , , , , ماضي بسيط ( played / (wrote
* has been / have been , , , , , , , , مضارع تام ( (has , have + P.P
* had been , , , , , , , , ماضي تام ( had + P.P)
* will have been , , , , , , , مستقبل تام ( (will have +P.P
* is being / are being , , , , , مضارع مستمر ( (am , is , are + ing
*was being / were being , , , , ماضي مستمر ( (was / were + ing
* يضاف للأفعال الناقصة be
( will , would , shall , should , can , could , must , may , might ,
is going to , are going to , has to , have to , had to , will have to )

-3 التصريف الثالث للفعل + باقي الجمـــــــــــــــــــــــــلة
-4الفاعــــــــــــل + by
ملحـــــــــوظة
اذا كانت الجملة مضارع نفى ( don't - doesn't ) نستخدم isn't / aren't
, , , , , , , , ,ماضى نفى ( didn't ) نستخدم t wasn't / weren'
اذا بدأت الجملة ب No one ننفى الفعل .
* ضمائر المفعول تتحول الى فاعل ؛ she me ---- I / us ---- we / him --- he / her -- them ---- they

Passive constructions فى المجهول تركيبات
♣ اذا وجدنا هذة الأفعال ؛
{ say – believe – think – expect – report – allege – know – suppose }
هناك طريقتان للتحويل للمجهول ؛

It + Be + P.P that فاعل + فعل (مضارع/ ماضى / مستقبل )
is / was / has been

المفعول + Be + P.P to مصدر ( للمضارع أو المستقبل )
have + P.P ( للجملة الماضي )
Active المبنى للمعلوم
-1 الفاعل
-2 نحذف Verb to Be
* نحذف is / are و نحول P.P الى مصدر / مصدر + S
* نحذف was / were و نحول P.P الى تصريف ثانى للفعل
* نحذف wasn't / weren't و نستخدم { didn't + Inf . }
*نحذف been و نستخدم { has / have + P.P // had + P.P }
* نحذف being و نستخدم { am / is / are + V + ing }
أو { was / were + V + ing }
* نحذف be و نستخدم } المصدر + الفعل الناقص {
-3 المفعول به ( أول الجملة ) و أذا كان ضمير يتحول ؛
{ we --- us / I --- me / He --- him / She ---- her / They ---- them }
1-After فاعل had + p.p , فاعل ( ed - شاذ )
2-After ( V+ ing ) , فاعل ( ed - شاذ )
3-As soon as فاعل had + p.p , فاعل ( ed - شاذ )
4-When فاعل had + p.p , فاعل ( ed - شاذ )
5-Before فاعل ( ed - شاذ ) , فاعل had + p.p .
6-Before ( V + ing ) , فاعل had + p.p .
7-By the time فاعل ( ed - شاذ ) , فاعل had + p.p.
8-When فاعل ( ed - شاذ ) , فاعل had + p.p.
9-Having + p.p , فاعل ( ed - شاذ )
10- فاعل didn't + مصدر until فاعل had + p.p .
11-No sooner had + فاعل + p.p , than فاعل ( ed - شاذ )
12-Hardly had + فاعل + p.p , when فاعل ( ed - شاذ )
13-Scacely had + فاعل + p.p , when فاعل ( ed - شاذ )
ملحــــــوظة هامة
الفعل الذى حدث اولا نضعه فى الماضى التام had + P.P و الفعل الثانى نضعه فى الماضى البسيط
نحذف first / then / and / but
Reported speech
1- فاعل + said that + ضمير عائد على الفاعل + الفعل المضارع يتحول الى ماضى + باقى الجملة
افعل الماضى يتحول الى ماضى تام
2- فاعل + told + مفعول that + ضمير عائد على الفاعل + الفعل المضارع يتحول الى ماضى + باقى الجملة
افعل الماضى يتحول الى ماضى تام
ملحــــــــــــوظة
♣ الأزمنة لا تتحول اذا وجدنا said a moment ago / said just now
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إذا كان الســـــــؤال يبدء بفعل مســــــاعد ( هل )
1- فاعل + asked + مفعول + if / whether + ضمير فاعل عائد على المفعول + الفعل المضارع يتحول الى الماضى
wanted to know
wondered
اذا كان الســـــــــــؤال يبدء باداة استفهـــــــام
2- فاعل + asked + مفعول + اداة الأستفهام + ضمير عائد على المفعول + الفعل المضارع يتحول الى الماضى
ملحـــــــــــوظة
نحذف do / Do/ does / Does و نضع الفعل الذى بعدها فى الماضى البسيط
نحذف did / Did و نضع الفعل الذى بعدها فى الماضى التام had + P.P
التحـــــــويلات

هــــــــــــــــــــــــــــام جدا
اذا وجدنا then نختــــــار was / were +V + ing آو مصدر + could
The next day / the week after نختــــــــار would + inf
The day before / the previous day نختــــــــار had + P.P
الضمـــــــائر
I my me mine
He his him his
She her her hers
We our us ours
They their them theirs
You your you yours
♣ إذا كانت الجمـــــــــــــــــــــــــــلة آمر / طلب / نصيحة
1- فاعـــــــــل + told + مفعول to + مصدر للجملة الأثبات
asked not to + مصدر للجملة النفى
advised
ordered
warned
♣ نحذف please / Don’t / Would you mind / could you

Q – tag

الفعل المساعد الأثبات يتحول الى النفى و العكس صحيح + ضمير عائد على الفاعل
is – isn’t / are – aren’t / was – wasn’t / were – weren’t / will – won’t / has – hasn’t …….. etc
I am – aren’t I / let’s – shall we / let us – will you / I’d rather – woudn’t I / I’d better – hadn’t I /
I am not – am I / open the door – will you
إذا لم نجد فعل مساعد نســـــتخدم
don’t للمصدر / doesn’t للمصدر ب s / didn’t للماضي
ملحــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــوظة
never / hardly / No تعطى معنى النفى
No body / Everyone / اسم جمع they
Nothing / Everything it

1- It is necessary فاعل + must + مصدر
have to / has to + مصدر

2- It isn’t necessary فاعل + don’t have to + مصدر
doesn’t have to + مصدر
needn’t + مصدر

3-It was necessary فاعل + had to مصدر

4- It wasn’t necessary فاعل + didn’t have to + مصدر
needn’t have + P.P

5- It isn’t allowed to مصدر
It is forbidden فاعل + mustn’t + مصدر
No smoking

should have + P.P كان يجب ان يفعل الشىء لكنه لم يفعل shouldn’t have + P.P كان يجب ان لا يفعل لكنه فعل
needn’t have + P.P الشخص فعل الشىء رغم انه كان غير ضرورى didn’t have to الشخص لم يفعل الشىء لأنه ليس مضطر لذلك

♣ It isn’t allowed to مصدر
♣ You aren’t allowed to مصدر


After تستخدم هذه القواعد اذا كانت الجملة مستقبل
As soon as فاعل + { s مصدر / مصدر ب } , فاعل will + مصدر
When
فاعل won’t + مصدر until فاعل + { s مصدر / مصدر ب }

فاعل ( is – are ) too صفة to مصدر
فاعل ( is – are ) so صفة that فاعل ( can \ can’t ) ( could \couldn’t) + مصدر
♣ ( he- she –they- it ) is \ are such a / an صفة + اسم that فاعل ( can \ can’t ) ( could \couldn’t) + مصدر
♣ اسم + Be + not + صفة + enough to مصدر +
♣ اسم + Be + صفة + enough to مصدر +

Deduction الأســـتنتاج

1- فاعل must مصدر اكيد (مضارع) 2- فاعل must have + p.p اكيد ( ماضى )
3- فاعل can't مصدر لا يمكن 4- فاعل can't have + p.p لا يمكن
5- فاعل may مصدر ربما 6- فاعل may have + p.p ربما
7- فاعل might مصدر ربما 8- فاعل Might have + p.p ربما
9- فاعل could مصدر ممكن 10- فاعل could have + p.p ممكن

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I wish + فاعل + ed / شاذ ماضى بسيط
If only
فاعل + had + P.P ما ضى تام

I / we + could + مصدر مستقبل
he / she + would + مصدر

♣ تستخدم الحالة الأولى اذا كانت الجملة مضارع now / today
♣ تستخدم الحالة الثانية اذا كانت الجملة ماضى yesterday / last
♣ تستخدم الحالة الثالثة اذا كانت الجملة مستقبل will / hope / look forward to
♣ النفـــى يتحول الى الأثبـات و العكــس صحيـح
What makes + مفعول + a صفه + اسم is that فاعل + فعل
The thing that really makes مفعول + a صفه + اسم is that فاعل + فعل

Rewrite
1-Could you post this letter for me , please ? { mind }
2-Fady says that he is happy to help the poor man . { mind }
3-Can I borrow your story ? { mind }
4--He likes reading books more than watching TV . { prefer }
5-She said that he broke the window . { accused } { charged }
6-He said that failing all her subjects was her fault . { blamed }
7-Mona told Samy it was great that he had won the race . { congratulated }
8- “ Let’s go for a drive .”, said Sami . { suggested }
9- He said “ I didn’t steal the money .” { denied }
10-I’m sorry I didn’t lock the door . { regret }
11-I’m glad I started my business . { regret }
12-Are you sorry you didn’t get the best marks ? { regret }
13-You shouldn’t waste your time . { avoid }
14-It’s not a good idea to go camping in the middle of the winter . { It’s better to avoid }
15-I don’t expect to see you here . { fancy }
16-The computer can store a lot of information . { The function }
17-When I was young , I went to school on foot . { used to }
18- She usually gets up early . { used to }
19-Fady told me he was sorry that he had broken the vase . {apologized }
20- Mona told me she was sorry that she didn’t come yesterday . { apologized }
21- He said to me , “ Can I help you ? ” { offered }
22- Mary said she wouldn’t lend me her story . { refused }
23-Dr Hafez insisted on taking a photo to Leila in the cave . { decided }
24-You should work to a plan . { supposed }
25- I really regret ever starting that business . { supposed } { should }
26-They should have left early . { supposed }
27-You shouldn’t waste your time . { supposed }
28-He visited Aswan in 1999. { ago }
29- She has been studying English for 7 years . { ago }
30-He didn’t study well . The result was that he got low marks . { consequently }
31- They can speak English very well . { able } { capable }
32- We use computers to store information . { enable }
33-I like most of my school subjects but not Math . { Although } { although }
34-They played well but they lost the match . { Despite }
35-The match was cancelled as the weather was bad . { due to }
36-Last year , we visited Luxor and Aswan . { Besides }
37-We went to the cinema to see the new film . { so that }
38-For travelling round the world , I should have a lot of money . { so as to }
39-Although he wrote badly , he passed his exam . { However } { however }
40-They made a lot of mistakes but they succeeded . { Whatever }
41- She passed the exam and got the best marks . { Not only }
42-Study hard to get high marks . { If }
43- He doesn’t play well so he can’t win the match . { If } { Without }
44-She didn’t get up early so she missed the bus . { If } { Unless }
45-He made an accident because he was careless . { If }
46-I am not a doctor so I can’t help you . { If }
47- It’s better to work to a plan . { If }
48-You won’t be allowed to enter unless you come early . { if }
49-Metals expand by heating . { If }
50- If she had studied hard , she would have succeeded . { because }
51-He arranged to travel tomorrow . { travelling }
52-She decided to buy a car . { going }
53- She last went to Aswan in 1998 . { since } { for }
54-He hasn’t visited his uncle for 3 weeks . { since }
55-She started to study English 3 years ago and he’s still studying it . { since } { for }
56-We admire him for his bravery . { He }
57-I wondered how long they had followed me . { been }
58-The government will carry out a lot of projects in Upper Egypt . { be }
59-Poverty drove them into a life of distress . { They }
60-Shakespear wrote Hamlet . { by }
61- Tourists are asking us many questions . { We }
62-The criminal ought to be punished . { They }
63- By next year that bridge will have been built . { Our government }
64- We are taught to respect our teachers . { Our parents }
65-It is believed that the film is very good . { The film }
66-People say that he stole the money . { It } { He }
67- People say that he is clever . { It } { He }
68-People say the she was killed in an accident . { It } { She }
69-She ate her meal and went to bed . { After / Before / No sooner / until }
70- Having written the letter , he posted it . { As soon as }
71- He said to me , “ I didn’t go to the club yesterday .” { told }
72- “ Did you write the lesson , Adel ? ” said Mona { asked }
73- She said ,” Where did you go yesterday ?” { She wanted to know }
74-The teacher said to us , “ Don’t move forward .” { told }
75-He said to me ,” could you lend me some money ?” { asked }
76-She told me that she had gone to the club with her brother the week before .
{ She said to me … }
77- He asked me if I had finished my work . { She said to me …..}
78-She asked me when I would travel to USA . { She said to me }
79-He advised me not to waste my time . { He said to me }
80- It is necessary for students to study hard . { must }
81-It is not necessary to leave early . { don’t have }
82-It was not necessary to go there by taxi . { didn’t have } { needn’t }
83-No parking here . { mustn’t } { allowed }
84- He won’t leave until I come . { After } { when }
85-He was too tired to do his homework . { so …. that }
86-The film was very interesting . { such }
87- The test was too difficult to answer . { so …. that } { such ….. that }
88-I’m sure he didn’t steal the money . { couldn’t }
89-Adel was ill so he didn’t go to school . { can’t }
90-You can’t be serious . { joking }
91-It’s certain that he broke the window . { must }
92-It’s impossible that he didn’t hear the warning . { must }
93-I’m sorry I didn’t phone you . { wish }
94- My dearest hope is to join the faculity of medicine . { wish } { If only }
95-I didn’t know his address and now I’m sorry . { wish }
96- It’s a pity she couldn’t go to the wedding party . { wish }
او حمل من هنا
http://www.mediafire.com/?kw56wqb2mmf2s2c

على الكيماوى


الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل

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تجميع لاهم القواعد من مستر سعيد ابراهيم :: تعاليق

مُساهمة في 27/09/11, 07:02 am  النمر الاسود

راااااااااااائع
شكرا جزيلا

الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل

مُساهمة في 17/03/12, 12:03 pm  Mr.Riad

جزاك الله خيرااااااااااااااااااااا

الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل

مُساهمة في 09/05/12, 02:10 pm  ابن اوى

gooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooood

الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل

مُساهمة في 02/06/12, 09:11 am  الناظر

ما شاء الله

الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل

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