مذكرات 2016 فى اللغة الإنجليزية للصف الثانى الثانوى "للترمين" والقصة والمهارات

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مُساهمة 

. مذكرات 2016 فى اللغة الإنجليزية للصف الثانى الثانوى "للترمين" والقصة والمهارات




مذكرات 2016 فى اللغة الإنجليزية للصف الثانى الثانوى "للترمين" والقصة والمهارات_جاهزة للطباعة
المذكرة الكاملة للصف الثاني الثانوي
Secondary Two لكل المحتويات
للترمين  لعام 2016
جاهزة للطباعة

مستر / محمد ديوشي
بدون علامة مائية
الوحدات والأسئلة والقواعد وبنك الأسلئة للترمين + القصة للترمين + مذكرة المهارات
وتم عمل علامات مرجعية للوصول السريع إلي المحتويات
الحجم 5 ميجا تقريباً
مذكرة المهارات
http://www.mediafire.com/view/s0waajpbdp99i19/skills.pdf
التحميل 
مذكرات الترم الأول
الوحدات
http://www.mediafire.com/view/6th3eny1a1jk259/units_2sc_t1.pdf
القصة
http://www.mediafire.com/view/989omeglwn9zqa2/story_2sc_t1.pdf
مذكرات الترم الثانى
الوحدات
http://www.mediafire.com/view/nn1z9np73lgu5g7/units_2sc_t2.pdf
القصة
http://www.mediafire.com/view/x8mqrwrctd3fa5w/story_2sc_t2.pdf

الثائر الحق
المدير العام


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مذكرات 2016 فى اللغة الإنجليزية للصف الثانى الثانوى "للترمين" والقصة والمهارات :: تعاليق

مُساهمة في 22/03/12, 12:22 pm  Mr.Riad

هذا بحث مبسط غرضه تصحيح الأخطاء التى يقع فيها الطلاب عند الكتابة

أولا : أخطاء علامات الترقيم punctuation
1-نجد الطالب يبدأ الجملة بحرف small ويستخدم ال capital فى غير مكانه وقد ينهى الجملة بفاصلة ويختم السؤال بنقطة يعنى فوضى.
لازم الطالب يعرف أن :
أول حرف فى الجملة لازم يبدأ ب capital مثلا مش ينفع اكتب كده he is ill. لازم اكتبها كده : He is ill.
الضمير ( أنا I) يكون هكذا capital فى أى مكان فى الجملة.
أسماء الايام والشهور والاشخاص والبلاد والوزارات واللغات والجنسيات والبحار والانهار والمحيطات والقنوات والخلجان والسدود والواحات و الجبال والكتب والصحف ولفظ الجلالة God وضمائره والألقاب كلها تبدأ بحرف .capital
ننهى الجملة بنقطة.
ننهى السؤال بعلامة استفهام.
بعد Yes او No نضع فاصلة وكذلك قبل الكلام المباشر وعند مخاطبة شخص وللفصل بين مجموعة من الكلمات فى قائمة من نوع واحد.
وعلامة التعجب بعد التعجب .What a good pen !
علامات التنصيص " " فى الاسلوب المباشر.
-ال apostrophe للملكية: سيارة عمر Omar's car ولو الاسم منتهى ب s نضع ' فقط.


ثانيا / أخطاء الجرامر وهذه كثيرة جدا جدا ومنها :

1- كتابه الجملة بدون فعل وهذا لاعتقاد الطالب انه مادامت الجمله فى العربى مش فيها فعل (الجمل الاسمية طبعا) يبقى فى الانجليزى نفس الوضع . طبعا الكلام ده غلط لأن لازم الجملة فى الانجليزى يكون فيها فعل لذلك اذا لم تجد فعل فى الجملة العربى التى تترجمها الى انجليزى استخدم من عندك احد افعال verb to be . مثلا بعض الطلبة عاوز يقول : مصر احسن بلد فى العالم / يروح كاتب : Egypt the best country in the world نقوله لا ناقصة حاجة مفروض تقول Egypt is the best country in the world.

2- عدم استخدام a / an حينما يكون ضرورى استخدامهم مثلا الطالب يريد ان يقول : اشتريت كتابا يكتبها هكذا I bought book.
نقول له الجملة ناقصة هيقول ناقصة اية؟ نقوله كلمة كتابا دى اسم مفرد معدود نكرة صح؟ يبقى لازم نحط قبلها اداة نكرة a مع الاسم البادئ بحرف ساكن و an مع البادئ بحرف متحرك يبقى الصح انه يقول I bought a book.

3-الاستخدام الخطأ ل the فكثير من الطلاب يستخدمها قبل كلمات لا تأخذ the ولذلك ننصح الطالب بمراجعة استخدامات theومتى لا تستخدم.
تذكر ان the لاتستخدم قبل الالعاب الرياضية football وليس the football ولاتستخدم قبل اسماء المواد الدراسية ولا المواد الخام ولا الاسماء المعنوية ولا اسماء الوجبات ولا اسماء اللغات ولا قبل كلمة home ولا قبل كلمة work بمعنى العمل ولا تستخدم قبل اسماء الاشخاص والبلاد الا المستثنى من هذه القاعدة ولا قبل الاسم الجمع الذى يشير الى شيئ عام غير محدد اما ان اشار الى شيئ محدد او مخصص يسبق ب .the

4-الاستخدام الخاطئ لترجمة الافعال التى تتبع بحرف جر فى اللغة العربية بينما هذه الافعال لا تأخذ حرف جر فى الانجليزية وذلك لاختلاف طبيعة كل لغة عن الاخرى واليك هذه الأمثلة:
* يتمتع ب enjoy وليس enjoy with كما يكتبها كثير من الطلاب وهذا خطأ أكيد.
*يحتفل ب celebrate * يخاطر ب risk * يتغلب على overcome * يجيب على answer * يقترب من approach *ينتهى من finish
*يصل الى reach لكن arrive at/ arrive in * يسمح ل let * يؤثر على affect *

5- من الخطأ العجيب استخدام to بعد الاقعال الناقصة يعنى مش ينفع اقول will to ده خطأ فادح.

6-استخدام verb to be قبل كل الافعال بدون تمييز مثلا تلاقى طالب كاتب : The government is pays attention to developing education طبعا غلطة لا تغتفر لابد ان يعرف الطالب استخدامات verb to be كفعل اساسى فى الجملة (مفيش معاه فعل تانى) بمعنى (يكون) و أحيانا بمعنى (موجود) وفى هذه الحالة يأتى بعد صفة He is ill. او اسم He is a doctor. او ظرف مكان I am here. ...إلخ
ويستخدم ايضا كفعل مساعد فى تكوين الازمنة المستمرة I am writing a letter now. وفى المبنى للمجهول Football is played by me every day.

7- ومن الاخطاء الغريبة ان بعض الطلاب يستهل الجملة بالاسم وبعده الضمير وهذا خطأ انظر الى هذه الجملة:
Ahmed he is nice. طبعا ده غلط فى غلط اما يقول Ahmed is nice. او He is nice.

8- من الأخطاء الشهيرة نسيان اضافة ال s مع الضمائر he/ she/ it ومايساويها من الاسماء عند استخدام زمن المضارع البسيط الذى يعبر عن الحقائق والعادات فمثلا تجد الطالب يكتب : He play football every day. لاحظت الخطأ؟ اكيد الخطأ انه نسى حرف s مفروض كان يكتب ويقول : plays

9- من الاخطاء الواضحة الترجمه الخاطئه للمضاف والمضاف اليه اقصد ( اسم نكرة + اسم معرفة) زى مثلا (تلوث البيئة) تجد الطالب يكتبها كده :
Pollution environmentوطبعا ده غلط طب الصح إيه؟ الصح انك لما تترجم (اسم نكرة+معرفة) تضع the قبل النكره و of بعده
فتصبح : the pollution of the environment أو: environment pollution

10- وكذلك من الاخطاء الترجمة الحرفية لحروف الجر المصاحبة لبعض الكلمات لظن الطالب ان اللغة العربية لاتختلف عن الانجليزية فى اى شيئ وهذا طبعا خطأ واليك بعض الامثلة: يساهم فى contribute to وليس contribute in / جيد فى good at مش good in لاحظ الترجمة الصحيحة لما يلى : خطر على dangerous to :/ يفكر فى think of/ about / يحلم ب dream of/ about / يشجع...على encourage ..to يمكن ..من enable …to / يثنيه ...عن discourage … from/ وهكذا
11- وكذلك من الاخطاء المعروفة الناتجة عن الاختلاف بين اللغة الانجليزية واللغة العربية ان هناك كلمات باللغة العربية جمع بينما فى الانجليزية مفرد غير معدود وتاخذ فعل مفرد وليس جمع كما هو الحال فى اللغة العربية فتجد طالب يقول : The news are good today. الصح ايه؟ معروف The news is good today.
Important Paragraphs

Energy

There are different forms أشكال of energy. Most of the energy used today in homes and industry comes from fossil fuelsوقود حفري. Coal, oil and natural gas are all fossil fuels. They are called non-renewable غير متجددة because it takes millions of years to make or renew them. So, we must reduce the amount of non-renewable fuels that we use.
We need to find other forms of energy that will never run outتنفد / تنتهي . These forms of energy are called renewable. Examples of these are energy from the sun and the wind. Water is another renewable source of energy. It is called hydroelectric power. Nuclear energy is also a clean renewable source مصدر of energy. However, it is dangerous. It is important that we all save energy.

(2) The Sun

The sun is very important to us. It gives us heat and light. Without the sun, there wouldn't be life on Earth. The energy we get from the sun can be used in different fieldsمجالات. The sun is a long way from the Earth. In ancient times, people knew the importance of the sun. Some of them even worshippedعبدوا the sun.
There are some dangers of the sun. If you look directly at the sun, it may damage your eyes. The sun gives out X-rays and ultraviolet raysالأشعة فوق البنفسجية . These rays are very harmful to life. Most of these rays get soaked upتمتص in the atmosphere. This is why they do not affect us. In fact we cannot do withoutيستغني عن the sun.

(3) A famous place (The Eiffel Towerبرج أيفل)
The Eiffel Tower is the most famous landmark أشهر المعالم in Paris. It was built in 1889. It was the world's highest structureبناء until 1931. It is 300 meters high. The Tower was named afterسمي باسم Gustave Eiffel, the engineer who designed it. It cost more than a million dollars to build. People from all over the world visit the Eiffel Tower every year.
The Tower has three levels, which are connected by liftsمتصلة بمصاعد . Visitors can climb the stepsالسلالم to the top of Tower or use the lifts. The Tower has been climbed by mountaineersمتسلقو الجبال . From the top of the Tower you can see most of Paris. The view المنظر from the top of the Tower is wonderful.

(4) The Cairo Metro
The Cairo Metro is a wonderful work of engineeringعمل هندسي . It’s the only underground in Africa or the Middle East. It's fast, cheap and safe. You can go to any place in a very short time. About 2 million passengers use the Metro daily. There are now plans for a Metro line in Alex.
A decade has passed since the Cairo Metro started its service. It has proved أثبت to be the most efficient الأكثر كفاءة public means of transportوسيلة مواصلات عامة in the city. It links the city suburbsالضواحي in the north and south with downtownوسط المدينة . One of its great merits مزايا is that it is environment friendly, صديق للبيئة having no fumesعادم to pollute the atmosphere. Moreover, it is the only public means of transport where smoking is strictly forbiddenممنوع منعا باتا . Those who smoke pay a fineغرامة of 10 pounds.

(5) The importance of trees

Trees are very important to our life. Animals and people breathe inيستنشق oxygen and breathe outيخرج carbon dioxide. Carbon dioxideثاني أكسيد الكربون is a poisonousسام gas. Plants and trees take in carbon dioxide and give out oxygen. If we cut down too many trees, there would be more carbon dioxide. This is very harmful.
Trees provide us with many useful things such as rubberالمطاط and medicines. Some trees may provide a cureعلاج for diseases like cancer. Planting trees is very useful. This helps to reduce the amount of pollution. Trees help to keep the balance of natureالمحافظة علي توازن الطبيعة . If the balance of nature is upset اختل , life on Earth will be impossible. We have to take great care of trees and punish those who cut them down.

(6) My plans for the future
(What career are you going to choose and why?)

We all have our dreams which we hope will come trueتتحقق . I have many plans for the future. I want to go to university and become a doctor. I'd like to practise medicine for a few years. After that, I'd like to do research.
I hope to investigateيبحث the causes of diseases like cancer or brain disease. I'd like to learn more and more about those diseases which make people sufferيعاني a lot. Thereforeلذلك , I must study hard. I'd like to set up experiments and make things that can really help mankind. البشرية I want to help people become happy. I hope my plans for the future will pay off. تنجح

(7) The advantages and disadvantages of modern technology

Our life today is quite different from life fifty years ago. Life in the past was very simple and easy. In the past people used animals to go from place to place. People died from many diseases which they could not cure. Today, thanks to بفضل modern science and technology, there are many inventions which have made man’s life easier and more comfortable. Modern means of transport help us to travel long distances in a very short time. The progressتقدم in medicine has enabled us to find a cure for most diseases. We also have pure نقية water and electric supply.
However modern technology has several disadvantages. The most noticeableملحوظة disadvantage is pollution. Pollution is very harmful to man's life and can cause many diseases. Man now depends too much on machines. There are a lot of people who can't find jobs because we use machines to do most of our work. Many people nowadays suffer from stress ضغط / توتر and worry. Some people may have a nervous breakdownانهيار عصبي.

(8) Living in space

Next summer I am going to travel to space with three friends. We are going to have some training at first. The training will be long and difficult. You must be fitلائق جسميا in order to survive in space. We are going to take some things with us like cannedمعلب food and bottles of water.
In space there are a lot of problems. There is no gravityالجاذبية in space. It is hard to live without gravity. We will stay in the space shuttle all the time. We will miss our families. We will try to keep ourselves busy by reading books or listening to music. Living in space will be an exciting experience in spite of its disadvantages.

(9) Lifelong learningالتعلم مدي الحياة

Lifelong learning goes on for lifeمدي الحياة , from the time you graduateيتخرج until you retireيتقاعد . This is necessary as employersأصحاب العمل do not offer permanent دائمة jobs. We must learn the skills requiredالمهارات المطلوبة for different jobs. Companies pay a lot to provide training for their employeesالعاملين . Lifelong learning helps us to acquire the knowledgeيكتسب المعرفة and skills needed in the labour market.
Distance learningالتعلم عن بعد is a methodطريقة of study that helps us to continue our learning. We need to continue learning to keep up with نواكب the latest developmentsأحدث التطورات in different fields. Human knowledge is increasing all the time. If we do not update نطور our knowledge, we will not be able to live in today's world. In fact, lifelong learning is important to everyone.

(10) How we can help to protect and improve the environment

Environmental pollutionالتلوث البيئي is a very serious problem nowadays. This pollution causes great damage أضرار كبيرة to the environment and all living things. There are a lot of things we can do to preserveيحافظ علي the environment. Factories should be moved to land outside cities. A great number of trees should be planted along the sides of the roads. Trees take in carbon dioxide and release oxygen, so they help to clean the air.
The government should pass laws to reduce the number of cars on the roads. We have to spread awarenessينشر الوعي among ordinary people of the importance of preserving the environment. We must teach young children how to keep the environment clean. If we succeed in preserving (conserving) the environment, our children and grandchildren can enjoy the world we live in. Preserving the environment has become a very important issue مسألة هامة in the modern world.


(11) Recycling إعادة التصنيع
Many societies reuse materials that are thrown away. Materials ranging from precious metals معادن ثمينة to plastic spoons, can be reused. This recycling process extracts تستخلص the original material المادة الأصلية and uses it in new products. In general, using recycled materials المواد المعاد تصنيعها to make new products costs less and requires يتطلب less energy than using new materials. The most commonly recycled waste product is printed المطبوعة materials.
Glass is a material which is economical to recycle. The recycled glass is melted يصهرand formed into new products. Certain types of nuclear waste النفايات النووية can be recycled. Rare materials, such as gold and silver, are recycled because getting new supplies is expensive. It reduces pollution because recycling a product creates less pollution than producing a new one. Most experts الخبراء state يبينون that the economic consequences النتائج الاقتصادية of recycling are positive in the long term علي المدى البعيد.

(12) A Famous Egyptian scientist – Ahmed Zewail)
Ahmed Zewail is a worldwide famous Egyptian scientist. He was educated at Alexandria University. After his graduation, he went to the United Sates of America to continue his education. There he worked very hard and outdidتفوق علي everyone else.
In 1998, he won the Franklin Instituteمعهد Award after he had discovered the smallest unit of time. This award is usually given to famous scientists and inventors. Dr. Zewail also uses very fast lasers to find out more about the chemicals. His work helps scientists to produce new and better drugs for curing diseases. In, fact Ahmed Zewail is a very good example that all Egyptian young men should follow.

(13) Value of reading أهمية القراءة / Reading for all القراءة للجميع

Reading is very important. It is the food of the mind. Through reading, we benefit fromيستفيد من the experienceخبرة of other people. Reading has a good effect on our behaviourسلوك . It helps us to acquire good qualitiesصفات . It enables us to understand the world that we live in. It helps us to solve our problems in life.
Through reading, we get a lot of information about the progress in science and technology. By reading, we never feel lonelyيشعر بالوحدة . In fact, books are the best friends. Reading helps us to develop our charactersشخصيات and widen our horizonsآفاق . Mrs. Mubarak has started the project ‘Reading for All’. This project aims at spreadingنشر the habit of reading among young children. It also aims at developing the abilitiesقدرات of young children to become good citizensمواطنين in the future. Many public libraries have been set up in towns and villages. This will enrich our cultural life and createيخلق generationsأجيال of scientists and thinkersمفكرين .

(14) Life in the future
Life in the future will be different from life now. Many changes will take place in every field. New inventions and new discoveries will appear. Man will send more spaceshipsسفن الفضاء to other planets and may find life possible there. Vast areas مناطق شاسعة of the world’s desert will be reclaimedيستصلح . The production of food will increase. A cure for dangerous diseases such as cancer and AIDS may be discovered.
New sources of energy will be found. Computers will be widely used in all fields, especially in education. Means of transport will be faster and more comfortable. In fact, life will be very complicated معقدة and man will depend completely on machines. No one can be sure if life in the future will be better or worse.

(15) Life in big cities
Life in big cities is very hard. People there suffer from many problems such as over-population, housing problems and crowded means of transport. It takes a very long time to go from one place to another. There is very little cooperation تعاون among people. overcrowdingالزحام الشديد results inيؤدي إلى many accidents.
Pollution caused by car fumes is a major cause of many diseases. The air is unclean and impureغير نقي . There are no gardens or green areas where people can spend nice time. The noise from cars and machines also make life in big cities unbearableلا تحتمل . Great efforts are needed to solve the problems in big cities. People should think of going to new cities built in the desert or the country.

(16) Unemployment البطالة
Unemployment means that there aren’t enough jobs for people. The most important cause of unemployment is over-population. Thousands of young people graduateيتخرجون every year from schools and universities. They remain for long years without jobs. This is because most of them are waiting for governmental jobs.
Another cause of unemployment is the increasing use of modern technology in all fields. Man depends a lot on machines. This leads to a lack of job opportunitiesنقص فرص العمل . To solve this problem, we should encourageنشجع young people to go the desert and reclaim it. They should look for jobs in the new cities. Banks can lend them loansقروض to start their own projects. مشروعات

(17) Tourism السياحة
Tourism is the second main source of national income after petroleum products. المنتجات البترولية It brings in a lot of hard currency which we need to importنستورد goods. Tourists from all over the world visit Egypt all the year roundعلي مدار العام. Egypt has many famous sights and tourist attractionsمناطق جذب السياح. Tourists also enjoy the fine weather in Egypt.
Tourists can visit places of interest such as the Pyramids, the temples, the museums and other historic places. The government does its best to encourage the tourist industry. New tourist villages are built. Splendidفخمـة hotels are erected. The government provides cheap and comfortable means of transport. Egyptians do their best to welcome tourists and treat them well. When tourism flourishesتزدهر , our national incomeالدخل القومي improves.

(18) The value of sports أهمية الرياضة
There are many kinds of sports. The most common sports are football, basketball, volleyball, tennis, skiing, swimming and cycling. Sports have great value in our life. They are very important for keeping us healthy. People who are used to practisingممارسة sports usually enjoy good health. They are always active and do their jobs well.
Sports are a good way of spending our spare time. Sports help us gain good qualities such as patience, cooperation and how to face difficult problems and situationsمواقف . Sports teach us good manners and develop our character. Some sports help us to defend ourselves such as karate and judo. In fact, sports are very essentialأساسية for us.

(19) Over-populationالتزايد السكاني
Over-population is a very serious problem. Egypt has been suffering from this problem for a long time now. The increase in population has led to many other problems such as shortage of food, نقص الطعامovercrowded means of transport, ازدحام وسائل المواصلات lack نقص of job opportunitiesفرص العمل and the problem of housingالإسكان. There aren’t enough houses, jobs or food for all people. If we continue to increase in this way, we may face starvationمجاعة/الموت جوعا.
Great efforts are made to solve this problem. The government does its best to convinceتقنـع the people of the importance of birth control تحديد النسل and family planningتنظيم الأسرة . Vast areasمناطق شاسعة of the desert land have been reclaimed. New cities and communities have been built. Mass media are doing their best to persuade تقنع people to participate effectively يشاركوا بصورة فعالة in solving this problem.

(20) Pollution التلوث
Pollution is a difficult problem in modern life. There are different kinds of pollution. Air Pollution is caused by car fumesعادم السيارات which contain very harmful substances. مواد ضارة These substances have a bad effect on health and can cause many diseases. The sea is polluted by the chemical waste النفايات الكيميائية thrown into it by factories and ships. The soil is also polluted by the chemicals we use such as insecticidesالمبيدات .
All these kinds of pollution affect not only man’s life but animal life and plant life as well. The world is making great efforts to fight نحارب pollution. Ordinary people have to cooperate with يتعاونوا مع the government and scientists to get rid ofيتخلص من pollution. If pollution continues to increase, life on earth will be in great danger. Even ordinary people can help to eliminateيزيل / يتخلص من pollution.

(21) Terrorism

Terrorism has become an international problem. The word "terrorism" comes from the word "terror" which means a violent actionفعل عنيف which causes great fear. The terrorist attacksهجمات إرهابية in many parts of the world caused thousands of deaths. Terrorism is against religion and civilization. Terrorism makes people feel unsafe.
Governments must co-operate if they want to fight international terrorismالإرهاب الدولي . President Mubarak has always believed that terrorism will continue unless the Palestinian problem is solved. He called for an international conference on terrorism. Terrorists must be severely punishedيعاقبون بشدة . Ordinary people must take part in the fight against terrorism.


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مُساهمة في 21/07/14, 06:10 pm  شريف شومان

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