hello7 اللغة الانجليزية 2 د/ عاطف خليفة

صفحة 1 من اصل 3 1, 2, 3  الصفحة التالية

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09012011

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. hello7 اللغة الانجليزية 2 د/ عاطف خليفة





Unit 01 : The world of work

Vocabulary
· accountant محاسب
· actor ممثل
· actress ممثلة
· architect مهندس معمارى
· journalist صحفى
· lawyer محامى
· researcher باحث
· receptionist موظف استقبال
· designer مصمم
· professor استاذ جامعى
· devise يبتكر
· atom ذرة
· molecule جزئ
· award يمنح منحة
· encourage يشجع
· encouragement تشجيع
· lecture محاضرة
· lecturer محاضر
· responsible for مسؤل عن
· intensify يكثف
· intensive مكثف
· graduated from خريج من
· occupation مهنة
· tolerate يتسامح
· symbol رمز
· portrait صورة
· tolerance التسامح
· symbolize يرمز
· honour تكريم- شرف
· attend يحضر
· decide يقرر
· decision قرار

Grammar :
The definite article “The” أداة المعرفة
أ- تستعمل أداة المعرفة "The"
1- When there is only ONE of something.
1- عندما لا يوجد إلا واحد من هذا الشيء
The Sun rises in the east
2- When we mean the general idea.
2- عندما نعني فكرة عامة
We like living in the countryside.
3- When we talk about species.
3- عندما نتحدث عن نوع أو سلالة وليس الجمع
The Giraffe is found in Africa.
4- When we talk about a discovery or invention.
4- عندما نتحدث عن اكتشاف أو اختراع
Graham Bell invented the telephone.
5- For the cinema, the theatre, the radio and the Internet.
5- تستعمل للسينما والمسرح والراديو وشكة الإنترنت
Samy went to the cinema alone.
6- For the names of some countries, mountains and rivers.
6- تستعمل مع أسماء بعض البلاد والجبال والأنهار
The Nile , The Sudan and The Himalayas.
7- With clauses of comparison.
7- تستعمل مع جمل بعض صيغ المقارنة مثل :
The more you study, the higher marks you get.
تستعمل مع بعض أسماء البلاد المركبة مثل
8- The United Kingdom - The Arab Republic of Egypt

We don’t use “the”
- لا تستعمل أداة المعرفة " The"
1- When we make general statements.
a) with countable nouns in the plural.
1- عندما نعطي ( أو نتحدث) عن إفادة عامة
أ- مع الأسماء القابلة للعدد في الجمع
-Women are not allowed to vote in some countries. (people)
-Vegetables are important for your health. (Food)
-Journalists write articles in newspapers. (Jobs)
-Trees don’t grow without water. (plants)

ولكن عندما نحدد (أي فئة من الناس) نضع الأداة.
The people who live in Egypt are friendly.

b) with uncountable names.
- مع الأسماء التي لا تًعد .
-Milk is good for children. (Food)
-Oil is used in making food. (Substances)
-Basketball is a popular game in America. (sports)
-Happiness has no relation with money. (Abstract)
-He studies Biology and physics at school.(School subj.)
-French is a very delicate language.(Languages)

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hello7 اللغة الانجليزية 2 د/ عاطف خليفة :: تعاليق

مُساهمة في 09/01/11, 06:34 am  الناظر








Unit 02 : Go for your goal
Vocabulary
· Get down to يشرع فى عمل
· Get across يوضح-يبين
· Get by يعيش على الكفاف
· Get at يفهم
· Get over يبرأ من مرض
· Get together يتقابل
· Get away with يفلت من عقاب
· Pile up يكوم
· Muddle يلخبط
· Advantages مزايا
· disadvantages عيوب
· energy طاقة
· In advance مقدما
· Chemistry كيمياء
· Physics فيزياء
· Maths رياضيات
· session جلسة
· career مهنة المستقبل
· organized منظم
· disorganized غير منظم
· organization منظمة- هيئة
· update يجدد
· force قوة
· possess يمتلك
· details تفاصيل
· In detail بالتفصيل
· excel يتفوق
· excellent متفوق
· excellence التفوق
· separate يفصل
· similar to متشابه
· diseases أمراض
· rush يدفع
· germs جراثيم
· Breathe يتنفس
· Breath اتنفس
· Leisure time وقت الفراغ

Grammar

Have / have got بمعنى يملك
· في اللغة الإنجليزية (إنجلترا) تستعمل Have got / has got
· في اللغة الإنجليزية (أمريكا) تستعمل Have
· ويعتبر الاستعمالين صحيح
· I have got a new car.
· I have a new car.

Questions:
· لاتستخدم - got في هذذه الأحوال :
· Have you got any books?
· Has he got a penknife?
Negative :
· No, I haven’t.
· No, I haven’t got any books.
· No, he hasn’t got a penknife

Questions:
· Do you have any books?
· Does he have a penknife?
Negative:
· No, I don’t have any books.
· No, he doesn’t have a penknife.
- أما في صيغة الماضي لا نستعمل got
· I had a bicycle when I was a child.
- صيغة السؤال والإجابة بالنفي في الماضي
· Did you have a car last year?
· No, I didn’t have, but I could buy one this year.
- تستعمل have مع هذه الأحداث ولا نستعمل got Have
breakfast, lunch, supper, a drink.
a swim, a rest, a holiday, a party, a good time,
a shower, a bath, a wash.
a discussion, an argument
a hair cut, an operation, a baby.
· لاحظ الفرق في المعنى في الجملتين
· I have a shower every day.
· I have got a shower.
1- تعني أن هذا الحدث يحدث كل يوم
صيغة الاستفهام والإجابة بالنفي في اللغة الإنجليزية البريطانية.

صيغة الاستفهام والإجابة بالنفي في اللغة الإنجليزية الأمريكية .
2- تعني تركيب (امتلاك) هذا الشيء.

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مُساهمة في 09/01/11, 06:35 am  الناظر










Unit 03 : Money

Vocabulary
· currency عملة
· coinعملة معدنية
· Bank note عملة ورقية
· Borrow يستعير-يستلف
· Lend يسلف
· Invest يستثمر
· investment استثمار
· investor مستثمر
· Credit card كارت ائتمان
· accounts حسابات
· Bank accounts حسابات بنكية
· increase يزداد
· decrease ينقص
· loss خسارة
· profit ربح
· repay يرد
· article سلعة
· Barter system نظام المقايضة
· trade تجارة
· exchange يتبادل
· suitable forمناسب
· goodsبضائع
· scarce نادر
· guarantee ضمان - يضمن
· Value قيمة
· cattle ماشية
· Services خدمات
· explore يستكشف
· explorer مستكشف
· Exploration استكشاف
· Common عام - شائع
· Tax ضريبة
· tax authority مأورية الضرائب
· euro اليورو(عملة أوروبية موحدة)
· Suspect يشك
· suspicious مرتاب شكاك -
· suspicion الشك
· bill فاتورة
· accept يقبل
· refuse يرفض
· instruct يخبر- يعلم
· Protest against يعترض على
· booking clerk موظف حجز

Grammar
استعمال الماضي البسيط
To express a finished action in the past
أ-يستعمل للتعبير عن حدث انتهى في الماضي
e .g.
· I traveled to Alex last week.
· Did you meet Ahmed yesterday?
· I didn’t write my homework yesterday.

b) To express actions which follow each other in a story.
ب - يستعمل للتعبير عن أحداث متتالية في قصة (الماضي)
· Ayman sent Dr Fakhry an email. He received a reply the following day.

c) To express a past situation or habit.
ج- يستعمل للتعبير عن موقف أو عادة في الماضي
· We lived at Shoubra when we were young.

d) We use “used to” to express past situation or habits.
د- نستعمل used to للتعبير عن حدث أو موقف (في الماضي)
· My family used to live in Alex and my brother used to go swimming every Friday.

1. تصريف الأفعال المنتظمة في الماضي The spelling of regular verbs
1- add ed (or d if the verb ends in e)
· help helped
· move moved
2- verbs ending in a vowel “y” or “w” add ed
2- يضاف ed للأفعال التي تنتهي حرف "y" أو "w"
· enjoy enjoyed
· Borrow Borrowed

3- If the verb has one syllable and ends with a vowel + constant, the constant doubles before adding “ed”
3- إذا كان الفعل ذو مقطع واحد وينتهي بحرف متحرك ثم حرف ساكن يضعف الحرف الساكن قل إضافة "ed" للدلالة على الماضي
· Stop stopped
· Plan planned

4- verbs ending in a constant + y changed into“ied”.
4- الأفعال التي تنتهي حرف ساكن ثم "y" تتغير "y" إلى "ied "
· Carry carried
· Study studied

B- Irregular verbs
5 - الأفعال (الشاذة) الغير منتظمة
توجد قائمة هذه الأفعال في قاموس
Actives study Dictionary صـ802 - 803

The past continuous tense
زمن الماضي المستمر
التركيب: يتكون من
(Was / Were) + infinitive + ing
Ex.
1- I was playing football at noon yesterday.
2- She was writing a letter at 7 o’clock this morning.
3- They were swimming in the pool when I arrived.
4- He was lying in bed when the telephone rang.

1- Express an activity in progress during a time in the past.
1- يعبر الماضي المستمر عند استمرار حدث معين أثناء زمن في الماضي Ex 1;2
2- Express an interrupted action (past activity)
2- يعبر الماضي المستمر عن وقوع حدث أثناء استمرار الآخر EX 4.
3- Express the setting for a situation or a story.
3- يعبر عن مكان حدوث الموقف أو القصة. Ex 3

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مُساهمة في 09/01/11, 06:35 am  الناظر


Unit 04 : The wise chiefVocabulary · joy فرحة
· sorrow حزن
· hatred كراهية
· beggar متسول
· wealth ثروة
· wealthy ثرى
· health صحة
· healthy سليم ذو صحة
· kingdom مملكة
· obvious واضح
· obviously بوضوح
· represent -يمثل ينوب
· representative مندوب
· poverty الفقر
· puzzled - مذهول محتار
· puzzlingمذهل - مربك - محي ر
· amazed مذهول
· amazingمذهل- بديع
· rescue ينقذ
· definitely بالتأكيد
· merchant تاجر
· generation جيل
· deceive يخدع
· perceive -يلحظ يستبين
· fear الخو ف
· fearful مخيف
· successors الخلف
· ancestor السلف
· criminal مجرم
· adventure مغامرة
· venture يغامر
· chief رئيس
· chef طباخ
· ugly قبيح
· ugliness القبح
· delighted مسرور
· delightful السرور
· announce يذيع - يعلن
· announcement -اعلان اذاعة
· war حرب
· peace سلام
· tongue لسان
· selfish أنانى
· selfishness أنانية
· professional محترف
· amateur هاوى
· boring ممل
· bored مصاب بالملل- سئم

Grammar
The past perfect tense
تركيب الماضى التام

Had + past participle

Ex.
1. Samy had eaten the meal before studying.

1- It describes actions in the past that were completed before other actions.
1- الماضي التام يصف أحداثاً حدثت وانتهت في الماضي قل أحداث أخرى.
· لاحظ الفرق في المعنى (الأحداث) Notice the difference
2. 2- when I arrived at the party, Samy left.
1- ذلك يعني أن سامي غادر المكان في نفس وقت وصولي.
3. 3- When I arrived at the party, Samy had left
2- ذلك يعني أن سامي قد غادر (الحفل) قل وصولي.

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مُساهمة في 09/01/11, 06:36 am  الناظر


Unit 05 : Rvesion
Sample Examination

A- Language function
1) Supply the missing parts in the following dialogue:-
Ahmed and his friend Bassam are talking about two of their classmates who had a fight in the school.
Ahmed : Did you hear what happened in the club yesterday
Bassam : # : No, you know, I was absent.#
Ahmed : Samy and Yasser had a fight yesterday.
Bassam : # : why did they fight?#
Ahmed : Samy said some bad words about Yasser’s shirt. So, they had a fight.
Bassam : # : What about our friends? #
Ahmed : Our friends, in the class, made Samy apologize.
Bassam : # : Did Yasser accept Samy’s apology?#
Ahmed : Yes, after we all convinced him.

2-Give the situations:
1-A- Can I help you?
B- Yes, I’d like to buy a shirt, please.
A- What do you think of this?
B- Nice, let me try it on.


Place :#clothing shop#
A :#salesman (shop assistant) #
B :# customer #



2- A- Could you help me, please?
B- What Is wrong with you?
It’s my teeth. I want to have that tooth
pulled out.
Don’t worry. I’ll do what’s necessary.


Place :#Dentist’s clinic (practice) #
A : # : patient #
B :#Doctor,(dentist)#

B - Vocabulary and structure
3 -Choose the correct answer from a, b, c and d :
1- A civil engineer ……… and designs roads.-
- plans
- takes
- keeps
- writes
2- At school, teachers …… your studies.
- direct
- organize
- arrange
- complete
3- The more you eat, ……… fatter you become.
- the
- a
- an
- no article
4- My family ……… a nice time on the beach last summer.
- spent
- made
- did
- gave
5- Samy kept his ……… in the national Bank.
- savings
- reserves
- economy
- living
6- If you find yourself tired of work, you should have a ………
- rest
- rust
- resting
- right
7- In our flat, we ……… a shower because the old one was bad.
- have got
- have
- had
- has got
8- We can’t ……… him to play basketball as he is lame.
- force
- asked
- demand
- order
9- Shady is a very bad driver, he always drives at … speed.
a) breakneck
b) breakout
c) breakdown
d) break in
10- Many foreign people come to Egypt to ……… their money in large projects.
- invest
- lend
- borrow
- sell
11- Ahmed Galal bought a new car on ……… as he hadn’t enough money to pay in cash.
- credit
- currency
- borrow
- coins
12- The Chinese used paper money in the ……… century.
- 13th
- 16th
- 17th
- 19th
13- My uncle ……… his room when we called on him.
- was painting
- paints
- painted
- painting
14- He was ……… because he inherited a large sum of money when his uncle died.
- lucky
- unlucky
- luck
- bad luck
15- The student didn’t go to the club until he ……… all his homework.
- had finished
- finishes
- finishing
- was finishing
16- The empty basket represents ………
- poverty
- wealth
- beauty
- ugliness

4- Rewrite the following sentences using the word(s) in brackets to give the same meaning:
1- He went to the supermarket then he returned home. (after)
- After he had gone to the super market, he returned home.
2- They sat on the café yesterday and Ahmed saw them. (while)
- While they were sitting on the café yesterday, Ahmed saw them.
3- The headmaster doesn’t own a car. (got)
- The headmaster hasn’t got a car.
4- stress affected teachers greatly. (effect)
- Stress had a great effect on teachers
5- Sometimes it is difficult to reach your goals. (easy)
- Sometimes it is not easy reach your goals.

- Reading comprehension
-أ Read and then write notes on the passage:-
A small horse spoke one day and said. Our master was a good kind man.
He gave us good food and lodging. He spoke to us kindly as he spoke to
his little children. We all loved him and specially my mother. When she
saw him at the gate, she would neigh with joy. He would pat her and give
me a piece of sugar lump which was very good. Sometimes he brought a
carrot for my mother. My mother always took him to town on a market day.



Complete the following sentence ?
1- The master gave his horses # good food and lodging.#
2- All the horses # loved him as treated them kindly.#
3- The mother takes # the master to the town on a market day. #
6- Read the following passage, then answer the questions.
Summer has come, with its warm sunny days making us think of all sorts
of nice things, such as holidays in the country, picnics and making
parties.
When spring came, she found the earth cold and hard, but she soon
changed all that, and by the time, summer arrives, the world is a very
different place. It is a green world now, green leaves, flowers opening
every where, green grass in the fields, green plants crowding in the
hedges and green leaves on trees.
The days are long and the nights are short, for the sun gets up early
and goes to bed late in sunny June. It is one of the best and brightest
months in the year. Birds sing from sunrise till long after sunset.
As night falls, one after another the birds sing their song, and after a
few last sleepy sounds, put their heads under their wings to rest for
an hour or two before beginning again. They do not all sleep, however,
when other birds are silent, come a soft cry, then, after a few moments,
another, louder this time, and soon the nightingale is pouring out his
wonderful song.
Not only at night does the nightingale sing. On almost every warm day
in early June, the little brown bird sings away in the roads and woods,
but, as all other birds are also singing at the same time, we do not
notice his voice so much. It is at night, when he has the field all to
himself, that we hear the nightingale at his best.

Answer the following questions:
1-How does the writer say that spring changed the earth?
- Spring changed the earth by covering it with green leaves on the trees, green in the fields and flowers opening everywhere.
2- Why does the writer call June one of the brightest months in the year?
- Because the days are long and the nights are short.
3- What do birds do as night falls?
- The birds stop their songs, put their heads under their wings.
4- write the main idea in this passage?
- The changes of earth from cold and hard into green leaves, grass and
flowers. Birds sing from sunrise till sunsets by the coming of spring.

-Choose the best answer from a, b, c and d.
5-The days are long ………….
- because the sun gets up early.
- because the sun goes to bed early.
- Because it is spring.
- because the night falls early.
6-As the night falls , means ……
-the sun goes to bed.
-The birds stop their singing.
-The birds put their heads under wings.
- The sun gets up.
7-We hear the nightingale at his best ………
- at night.
- in spring.
- during the day time.
- In the roads and woods.
8- The opposite of louder is ………
- lower.
- smaller
- shorter
- softer

- The Novel
Based on chap. 1 and 2
7 -A : Answer the following questions:
1-what did the pilot of the helicopter do?
A- 1- The pilot of the helicopter landed his plane and hurried to the
men with water to the four men lying on the desert beside the land
cruiser.

2- What was Ayman’s favorite hobby?
2- Ayman’s favorite hobby was computer. He used it in his study in the university and making friends in other countries.

3- How did the spider make a family?
3- The spider made a family by hiding in a safe place and lying 2000 eggs in four sacs.

B : Read the following quotation then answer the questions:
“Spiders use Webs to catch flies, but I’m going to use the web to find a spider.”
1- Who said these words?
B- 1- Ayman said these words.

2- What is the difference in meaning between webs and the web in this quotation?
2- The difference in meaning.
Webs : means the houses of spiders.
The web: means the huge library in the Internet

3- Where can you find the web?
3- We can find the web, through the internet.
c -Complete the following sentences:
1-The computer with the four men, changes the radio # waves into pictures on the screen #
2-The police officer was surprised because # he found jewelers and treasures in the boxes. #
3-Dr. Shereen Fakhry worked with the # University of Oxford. #
8- Writing
-Write a paragraph , of eight sentences about:
“ Inviting a friend from England to visit Egypt.”
You may use the following guiding ideas:-
Book a room - ancient Egyptian temples- new projects - the underground.

I invited my friend Jack last summer to visit Egypt. I booked a room
in a good hotel for him to stay in. When he arrived in Egypt, we went to
Luxor and saw the monuments in Aswan.
After a tour of three days, we returned to Cairo to see the grand
project that connects most of the greater Cairo, which is the
underground. He was so fascinated with it. We also visited some of the
new societies in 6th of October and the new town of 10th of Ramadan.
Finally, my friend Jack said that he would like to visit Egypt again and again.
9- Translation
a- Translate into Arabic: -
Many people now prefer watching TV to reading as it shows various
programs. You can watch the programme that you are interested in. On the
other hand, TV. Supplies us with the news all over the world.
- يفضل كثير من الناس مشاهدة التليفزيون على القراءة لأنه يعرض برامج
متنوعة . لذلك فإنك تستطيع مشاهدة البرنامج الذي يروق لك. و من ناحية أخرى
فالتليفزيون يمدنا بالأخبار في كل أنحاء العالم.

- Translate into English: -
لقد نال أحمد زويل جائزة نوبل للكيمياء و هي أعلى جائزة يمكن لأي شخص الحصول عليها.
-Ahmed Zewail was awarded the Nobel Prize for chemistry, it is the highest award that anyone can be given.

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