لغة انجليزية 1 ثانوي - شرح !Unit 9 : It's a small world - الترم الاول

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16122014

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. لغة انجليزية 1 ثانوي - شرح !Unit 9 : It's a small world - الترم الاول




Unit 9                                                  It's a small world                                


Vocabulary

advantage                                   ميزة harbour                                ميناء بحرى
disadvantage                               عيب metal structure                  مبنى معدنى
ashamed                       خجول / مكسوف symbol                                          رمز
criticize                                       ينتقد empire                                   إمبراطورية
foreign                                     أجنبى emperor                                  إمبراطور
overcrowded                       مزدحم جدا palace                                           قصر
public                                            عام skyscraper                       ناطحة سحاب
cost                                           يكلف prefer                                         يفضل
sky high prices                  أسعار مرتفعة capital                                       عاصمة
traffic                                        المرور business centre                    مركز تجارى
terrible                                        فظيع port                                              ميناء
public transport              المواصلات العامة Statue of Liberty                 تمثال الحرية
tourists                                      سياح welcome                                  يرحب بـ
pay / paid / paid                            يدفع Empire State                      امباير ستيت  
through                         عبر / من خلال Chrysler        كرايسلر (مبنى فى نيويورك)
traffic jam                        اختناق المرور the Eiffel Tower                       برج ايفل
historic buildings               مبانى تاريخية percent                                 فى المائة
wonderful                                      رائع wide                                          واسع
museum                                    متحف narrow                                       ضيق
parks                   حدائق عامة / منتزهات dangerous                                   خطير
Londoner                      أحد سكان لندن king                                             ملك
too many                    كثير جدا (للعدد) queen                                         ملكة
too much                   كثير جدا (للكمية) ships                                           سفن
positive                                     ايجابى safely                                          بأمان
negative                                   سلبى pleased                                     مسرور
architecture                الهندسة المعمارية modern                                       حديث
entertainment                  تسلية / ترفيه by                                               بجوار
boring                                         ممل theatre                                     مسرح
visitor                                           زائر busy port                  ميناء مفعم بالحركة
sightseeing           رؤية المعالم السياحية a symbol of freedom               رمز للحرية
swimming pool                 حمام سباحة popular                       محبوب / شعبى
politely                                        بأدب fast road                             طريق سريع
patient                               مريض / صبور space                        مكان / فراغ / فضاء
population                                 سكان limited                                      محدود
freedom                                      حرية builder           البنا (من يقوم بعملية البناء)
safety                                          أمان upwards                                    لأعلى
enjoy                                    يستمتع بـ mosques                                   مساجد
the underground                 مترو الأنفاق churches                                   كنائس
(1)
identify                                 يحدد هوية visit                                             زيارة
represent                                     يمثل low prices                       أسعار منخفضة
benefit                                      يستفيد advertising                                 إعلان
benefits                                       فوائد range                              سلسلة / خط
tourism                                   السياحة employment                      وظيفة / عمل
tourist agency                 وكالة سياحية facilities                                  تسهيلات
temples                                      معابد cradle of civilization             مهد الحضارة
the High Dam                    السد العالى Opera House                           دار الأوبرا
monuments                                     آثار National Assembly           الجمعية الوطنية
historical sites                    مواقع تاريخية Louvre                               متحف اللوفر
the Arab World                  العالم العربى River Thames                         نهر التايمز
Ancient Egyptians         المصريون القدماء clear                                           واضح
attractions                          عوامل جذب poster                                        ملصق
exactly                                       بالضبط London Eye                  عين لندن (مكان)


Idioms & Expressions


filled with                                مملوء بـ a good place for                   مكان جيد لـ
on the underground             بمترو الأنفاق from all over the world من كل أنحاء العالم
come on                                        هيا popular with                        محبوب من
agree with                               يتفق مع in the centre of                       فى وسط
afraid of                                خائف من by train                                     بالقطار
drive through              يقود سيارته وسط by underground train           بمترو الأنفاق
in the middle of                     فى وسط for the first time                 للمرة الأولى
be from                                  يكون من miss a visit                    تفوته فرصة زيارة
ashamed of       مستحى من / مخزى من get to                                     يصل إلى
try his best                 يبذل قصارى جهده in the world                          فى العالم
at the same time            فى نفس الوقت the home of                                مقر لـ
bad for                                       ضار لـ the capital of                        عاصمة كذا
apologize for                             يعتذر لـ a sign of                        إشارة لـ / رمز لـ
at the entrance of                   عند مدخل go up                                          يصعد
stand in                                    يقع فى centre for                                  مركز لـ
a symbol of                                 رمز لـ proud of                                    فخور بـ
an example of                             مثال لـ overcrowded with                    مزدحم بـ

Definitions

 ashamed: feeling bad about something. مستحى / خجول      
 criticise: say bad things about. ينتقد        
 foreign: not from your own country. أجنبى    
 overcrowded: filled with too many people. مزدحم  
 public: for everybody to use.    عام
(2)
 harbour:   ميناء بحرىan area of water next to the land where ships can stay safely.
 structure: مبنى  something that has been built.

 symbol:  رمز a picture, object, etc. , that is the sign of a particular quality or organization.
 emperor:   إمبراطور a kind of king
 palace:      قصر house for a king or queen.  
 skyscraper:  ناطحة سحاب a very tall building


Opposites

Word Opposite Word Opposite
proud             فخور ashamed   مستحى narrow           ضيق wide             واسع
unpopular
غير محبوب popular       محبوب unimportant
غير هام important        هام
love               يحب hate               يكره quiet            هادئ noisy           صاخب
safe                آمن dangerous     خطير not well-known
غير مشهور well known مشهور
famous       مشهور

Confusable words


 historic / historical:
    historic:  (famous or important in history)         ذو أهمية تاريخية
    historic building مبنى / place مكان / event حدث / day يوم/ site موقع
    historical: (connected with the study of history) مرتبط بدراسة التاريخ    
      historical research بحث / papers أبحاث / studies دراسات / plays مسرحيات /  
                       films أفلام / novels روايات / importance أهمية
                     
 harbour / port:
    harbour:  ميناء بحرى (منطقة المياه المجاورة للأرض التى ترسو فيها السفن بأمان)
    - Many ships are tied up and protected from the sea and bad weather in the harbour of Alex.  
    port: مدينة و ميناء (مدينة بها منطقة مياه كبيرة حيث تقوم السفن بتحميل البضائع)
      - Port Said is a major port.


Language Notes

 prefer + v. + ing ………… to + v. + ing:  يفضل ...... على  
   prefer + to + inf. …… than to + inf.:
   - Some people prefer driving to using public transport.  (than)
     Some people prefer to drive than to use public transport.
(3)
 ashamed + to + inf.:  يشعر بالخجل و الخزى عندما
   -  I'm ashamed to see that the underground is dirty.

 ashamed of + v. + ing / noun: مستحى من / مخزى من
   - I'm ashamed of myself for doing so badly in the school test.

 apologize for + v. + ing:  يعتذر عن  
   - He said he was sorry because he had come late.  (apologized)
     He apologized for coming late.


Tapescript, Reading & Critical thinking


Around the world in ten minutes

 London is one of the most expensive cities in the world. Everything costs so much. Prices are sky high, and the traffic is terrible. Public transport is expensive and slow. The underground is overcrowded and dirty. You have to pay to drive through the middle of London. Buses in London can be slow, but the underground is quite fast. London is a really safe city. Three are so many historic buildings and wonderful places to visit: museums, theatres, beautiful shops and big parks.      
 New York is the biggest city in the USA, but it is not the capital of the country. Washington is the capital. But, New York is one of the world's most important business centers and a busy port. The statue of liberty, which is at the entrance of the harbour, is a symbol of freedom and welcomes visitors from other countries. New York has more skyscrapers than any other city in the world. There are 47 buildings taller than 200 metres and three taller than 300 metres! Two of the most famous ones are the Empire State Building and the Chrysler Building.
 Paris is France's capital and its largest city. Many people think it is the most beautiful city in the world. Every year, more than two million tourists visit Paris. The most popular place to visit is the Eiffel Tower, a tall metal structure which is the symbol of Paris.
 Tokyo is the capital of Japan. About seven percent of the population of the country live there, so it is very overcrowded. It is Japan's main business centre, and like New York, has skyscrapers and fast, wide roads. These are always filled with traffic, so Tokyo has some of the worst  pollution in the world. Tokyo is the home of Japan's emperor, whose palace stands in a beautiful park in the centre of the city.
 Cairo has the largest population of any city in Africa, and is the most important city in the Arab world. For more than a hundred years, Cairo has been an important centre for tourism, and visitors from all over the world come to see buildings from the time of the Ancient Egyptians, especially the Pyramids.



(4)
Questions & answers

1- What are the disadvantages of living in London?
- Prices are sky high.
- The traffic is terrible.
- Public transport is expensive and slow.
- The underground is overcrowded and dirty.

2- What are the advantages of living in London?
- London is a really safe city.
- There are so many historic buildings and wonderful places to visit: museums, theatres, beautiful shops and big parks.

3- Why is New York important?
  - It is one of the world's most important business centers and a busy port.

4- Where is the Statue of Liberty?
  - At the entrance of New York harbour.

5- What is the Statue of Liberty a symbol of?
 - It is a symbol of freedom.

6- What are the most famous skyscrapers in New York?
  - The Empire State Building and the Chrysler Building.

7- What do you know about Paris?
 - Paris is France's capital and its largest city. Many people think it is the most beautiful city in the world.

8- Why do tourists visit Paris?
  - To visit is the Eiffel Tower.

9- What is the symbol of Paris?
 - The Eiffel Tower.

10- What is the capital of Japan?
   - Tokyo is the capital of Japan.

11- Why is Tokyo very overcrowded?
   - Because about seven percent of the population of the country live there.

12- Why is Tokyo important?
   - It is Japan's main business centre, and has skyscrapers and fast, wide roads.

13- Why does Tokyo have some of the worst pollution in the world?
   - The roads are always filled with traffic.

14- Where does the emperor of Japan live?
   - In a palace in Tokyo.

15- Where does the emperor's palace stand?
   - It stands in a beautiful park in the centre of the city.

16- Why is Cairo important?
   - Because it has been an important centre for tourism, and visitors from all over the world come to see buildings from the time of the Ancient Egyptians, especially the Pyramids.

17- What makes a beautiful city?
   - Mosques, churches, public buildings, rivers, parks or museums.

18- Why is it important for cities to have symbols like the Eiffel tower?
   - Symbols identify and represent a city. They are also useful for tourist agencies as a way of advertising a city.

19- What is the symbol for Cairo and other cities in Egypt?
   - The Pyramids for Cairo, Library for Alexandria, Karnak for Luxor and the High Dam for Aswan.

20- What kind of places do tourists like to visit?
  - Museums, monuments, palaces, temples, etc.

21- What makes Cairo a good place for tourists to visit?
   - Historical sites, the Pyramids, museums, good shopping, etc.

22- Why is it important for tourists to come to Cairo?
  - To see buildings from the time of the Ancient Egyptians.

23- How can we help tourists enjoy their visits to Egypt?
  - We can build beautiful hotels and restaurants.

24- What are the benefits of living in a large, modern city?
- You can find work, restaurants and hotels.
- You can visit a lot of interesting places.
- You can find what you need.

25- What can you do in your life now to conserve يحافظ على energy?
  - I can use public transport and try not to waste water or electricity.

@ Choose the correct answer:
1- London is one of the most expensive cities (at-of-about-in) the world.
2- Everything costs so much. Prices are (high sky-highly sky-sky high-sky highly).
3- He isn't afraid (at-in-with-of) going out at night in London.
4- you have to pay to drive (through-over-up-at) the middle of London.
5- Jane hates travelling (in-on-at-by) the underground.
6- (General-Secret-Public-Private) transport in London is expensive and slow.
7- More and more (strange-modern-public-foreign) visitors are coming to Egypt for holidays and sightseeing.
8- You shouldn't (criticize-laugh-smile-talk) people if they are trying their best.
9- Tourists like visiting (history-historian-historic-historical) buildings and wonderful places.
10- If too many people want to travel at the same time, trains get (empty-cheap-expensive-overcrowded).
11- Ali is (from-of-about-at) Egypt.
12- New York is one of the world's most important business centers and a busy (airport-bank-coast-port).
13- You can see the statue of liberty (at-in-to-of) the entrance of New York harbour.
14- The statue of liberty is a (symbol-simple-sample-simply) of freedom and welcomes visitors from other countries.
15- New York has more (skyscrapers-huts-cottages-pyramids) than any other city in the world .
16- Paris is France's (town-city-capital-village) and its largest city.
17- Tokyo is the capital (about-at-for-of) Japan.
18- Big cities are always (full-fall-fell-filled) with traffic.
19- In big cities, it is often quicker to travel (by-in-on-with) underground train.
20- Tokyo is the (house-building-flat-home) of Japan's emperor
21- The palace of Japan's emperor (sits-stands-walks-jumps) in a beautiful park in the centre of the city.
22- I'm ashamed (to-of-about-by) myself for doing so badly in the school test.
23- Tourists can go (down-up-through-under) the Eiffel Tower and see the whole of Paris.
24- Cairo has been an important (building-tower-centre-symbol) for tourism.
25- Don't (miss-lose-waste-pay) a visit to Luxor. It's fantastic.
26- The Eiffel Tower in Paris is very popular (to-with-off-by) tourists.
27- Tokyo has the worst (population-pollution-people-news) in the world.
28- (Freedom-Population-Pollution-Production) is the right to live your life the way you want to.
29- Living in big cities has some advantages and (results-consequences-effects-disadvantages).
30- Narrow is the opposite of (light-wide-side-white).

@ Rewrite using the word(s) in brackets to give the same meaning:
1- I prefer playing tennis to watching television. (than)
2- He said he was sorry because he had forgotten his book. (apologized)
3- I like staying at home more than going to the cinema.  (prefer)
4- Big cities are full of people, cars and buses.  (filled)
5- Some young children fear dogs.  (afraid)


Language Focus


Verbs أفعال+ Gerund ing فعل ينتهى بـ  Or To + inf.مصدر

1- الأفعال الآتية يليها (to + inf.) :

agree            يوافق   learn            يتعلم try               يحاول refuse          يرفض
decide             يقرر offer             يعرض want               يريد enable          يمكن
expect           يتوقع plan              يخطط hope              يأمل promise  يعد / يوعد

 Examples:
- We're planning to live in Cairo.
- I don't want to buy a new house.
- We hope to buy a flat.
- He offered to help me.

2- الأفعال الآتية يليها فعل ينتهى بــ ing :

avoid               يتجنب stop     يتوقف عن love fancy يريد / يتخيل
dislike           يكره hate            يكره suggest       يقترح put off         يؤجل
enjoy  يستمتع بـ like             يحب imagine mind        يمانع
finish    ينتهى من give up    يقلع عن practise       يمارس regret           يندم

 Examples:
- I dislike sitting in a traffic jam.
- You should avoid going out at night.
- He suggested going to the club.
- I don't mind lending you my camera.

3- الأفعال الآتية يليها (فعل ينتهى بـ (ing  أو (المصدر (to +  مع عدم وجود أى اختلاف فى المعنى:

begin               يبدأ continue يستمر فى like                يحب prefer           يفضل
hate               يكره love               يحب start                يبدأ

 Examples:
- He prefers to go to university by car.
  He prefers going to university by car.
- We like to swim in the sea.
We like swimming in the sea  
 لاحظ الفرق فى المعنى بين هذه الجمل:
 - I like living in London.  = I live there.
   I like to live in London. = I do not live there.

(8)
4- التعبيرات الآتية يليها فعل ينتهى بـ ing :

look forward to يتطلع إلى                       object to                             يعترض على
feel like                                          يريد be accustomed to                يعتاد على  
have difficulty in       لديه صعوبة فى       be (get) used to                     يعتاد على

 Examples:
- I don't feel like going out.
- I look forward to traveling abroad.
- He had difficulty in breathing.

@ Choose the correct answer:
1- A famous scientist has agreed (to write-writing-write-wrote) an article.
2- I finished (do-to do-doing-done) my homework at 11 o'clock at night.
3- The doctor decided (seeing-see-to seeing-seeing) his patients immediately.
4- Our school wanted (buy-to buy-buying-bought) more computers.
5- Would you mind (driving-to driving-of driving-to drive) me to the airport?
6- Do you like (swim-swimming-to swimming-of swimming) in the sea?
7- Ali enjoys (visiting-to visit-visited-with visiting) historic buildings.
8- I prefer (swim-to swim-to swimming-swam) in a swimming pool.
9- We hope (see-seeing-to see-to seeing) our French friends when we visit Paris.
10- We're planning (to go-going-to going-of going) to Greece for our holidays.
11- You should stop (smoke-smoking-to smoke-smoker). It's very bad for your health.
12- I really enjoy (speak-spoke-to speak-speaking) other languages.
13- He refused (apologize-apologized-to apologize-apologizing) for what he had done.
14- My four-year-old brother is learning (to ride-riding-rides-rode) a bicycle.
15- She agreed (write-to write-writing-wrote) an article on classical music.
16- He practises (playing-to play-of playing-to playing) the guitar every day.
17- He suggested (go-going-to go-of going) to the theatre.
18- I don’t fancy (watch-watched-watches-watching) that film. There’s a lot of violence in it.
19- Mona promised (she comes-to come-coming-will come) and she usually keeps her promises.
20- We all noticed that she avoided (looks-to look-looking-to be looked) at us.
21- He practises (to play-to be played-to have played-playing) the guitar everyday.
22- The salesman denied (taking-to take-takes-take) money from the lady.
23- I regretted (criticize-to criticize-criticizing-to criticizing) her in public.
24- I don't fancy (watch-watched-watches-watching) that film. There is a lot of violence in it.
25- He is learning (to play-play-playing-played) the guitar.

@ Rewrite using the word(s) in brackets to give the same meaning:
1- He felt sorry he left his job .                                  ( regretted )

2- He said, "I am happy to work with you”.                 (mind)

3- My mother said that she'd get me a present if I passed the exam. (promised)

4- I am happy that I started my business.                  (regret)

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5- She said that she would write an article on classical music.  (agreed)

6- I'm happy to stay up late to help finish the work. (don't mind)

7- They said it might be a good idea to telephone him.  (suggested)

8- Nadia said she wouldn’t lend me her camera.  (refused)

9- He said he would lend me his camera. (agreed)

10- I like very much to visit London. (look forward)

11- It's not an easy matter for him to solve this problem.  (difficulty)

12- It's not a good idea to travel during rush hours.  (It's better to avoid…)

13- Nadia says she's happy to stay with the children. (doesn't mind)

14- I've done my homework.  (I've finished…)

15- Could you turn the radio down, please?  (Would you mind….)

16- Can I borrow your story book, please?    (mind)

17- She said that she hadn’t stolen the bicycle.  (denied)

18- They don’t read English novels very often.  (hardly)









(10)
Test

A) Language Functions

1- Finish the following dialogue:
         Hazem is talking to a tourist who is visiting Egypt for the first time:
   Hazem: Have you enjoyed your visit to Egypt?
   Tourist: ........................................
   Hazem: .....……........................................?
   Tourist: The Pyramids, the citadel and the Egyptian Museum.
   Hazem: Have you been to Upper Egypt?
   Tourist: Not yet! ............................................ Aswan?
   Hazem: By plane, by train or on a Nile cruise.
   Tourist: That sounds good. Thank you very much.
   Hazem: ................................... Have a nice trip!

2- Write what you would say in each of the following situations:
1- A tourist wants to know where the Karnak Temple is.
2- You accept your friend's suggestion to go to the cinema.
3- You have just told your friend something that is untrue. Now you feel ashamed. What do you say to him or her.
4- Suggest to your little brother some activities that are more useful than watching television.

B) Vocabulary and Structure

3- Choose the correct answer from a, b, c or d:
1- The manager decided…………… the reports before he left the office.
a) read                b) reading           c) reads            d) to read
2- Ahmed hopes ………………. a job next summer
a) finding             b) to find            c) finds            d) find
3- "Dangerous" is the opposite of ………………….. .
a) sad                  b) serious           c) scared          d) safe
4- You should avoid ………………… friends with such bad people.
a) to make           b) make             c) making         d) to making
5- The Eiffel Tower is the ……………. of Paris.
a) simple             b) sample           c) slogan          d) symbol
6- My new shoes aren't expensive. They ……………… LE 50.
a) paid                b) cost                c) sold             d) weighed
7- Big cities are often crowded and have air ……………….
a) environment    b) traffic              c) pollution      d) condensation
8- New York is an important business ……………………. .
a) circle               b) century           c) patron         d) actor
9- My grandfather has promised ……………… smoking next week.
a) stop                b) stopping          c) club           d) centre
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10- A palace is a …………………………………. .
a) very tall building                        b) symbol    
c) house for a king or queen           d) tower

4- Rewrite the following sentences using the word(s) in brackets to give the same meaning:
1- I don't like meeting bad people. (avoid)
2- The father told his son that he wouldn’t give him any more money. (refused)
3- He said, "Why don't we stay at home and play chess?"  (suggested)
4- I'm willing to stay till you return.   (don't mind)

5- Read the text below, then write the word which best fits each space:
            London is one of the most expensive cities in the world. Everything (1)………….... so much. Prices are sky (2)……………….., and the traffic is terrible. Public transport is expensive and slow. You have to pay to drive (3)……………. the middle of London. Buses in London can be slow, but the underground is quite (4)……………... . London is a really safe (5)………………... Three are so many (6)……………………. buildings and wonderful places to visit.
     
C) Read Comprehension and Set Books

6- Read the following passage , then answer the questions:
          In Egypt, the tourism industry has come to hold a position of great importance lately. It is felt that it could help increase the national income. In some European countries, tourism has brought in millions of dollars yearly, although they lack the natural and historical attractions we have in Egypt.
         We could, for instance, establish tourist villages for children on the Red Sea. We could teach fishing, swimming, diving and sailing there. Another good idea would be a village in the New Valley for horse riding. And what about villages for people with health problems like rheumatism? The warm dry climate of Aswan and Helwan would certainly help them get better.
           Our tourist today wants efficient and friendly service. He would probably prefer to try our samples of our local food rather than to eat the international meals, which are served, in some places.
         It must also be remembered that most tourists nowadays are seldom rich. Many of them are students or hardworking employees. So what is needed is not expensive hotels but clean comfortable places to sleep and eat in at reasonable prices. This, too, would encourage Egyptians to travel more and more around their lovely country.

A) Answer the following questions:
1- How could we encourage Egyptians to see more and more of their country?
2- Why has tourism become very important?
3- What sort of people did the writer suggest to enjoy our warm dry climate?
4- What does the underlined pronoun “it” in the first paragraph refer to?

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B) Choose the correct answer:
5- The writer feels that Egypt has got………………..the other countries which   make so much money from tourism.
   a) less attractions than                    b) the least attractions of
   c) the same attractions as                d) more attractions than
6- According to the writer, if someone has pains in his muscles and joints, he should go to………………………
a) Europe                                      b) Aswan      
           c) The Red Sea                              d) The New Valley
7- Our hotels should be ……………………………….
a) expensive                                  b) too cheap  
c) too expensive                             d) at reasonable prices

7- Answer Only Four (4) of the following questions:
1- What do you know about New York?
2- What can you do in your life now to conserve يحافظ على energy?
3- Why does Tokyo have some of the worst pollution in the world?
4- Where does the emperor of Japan live?
5- What is the Statue of Liberty a symbol of?
6- What are the most famous skyscrapers in New York?

D) The Novel

A) Answer the following questions:
1- When did the writer discover that the stranger on the train was a criminal wanted by the police?
2- Why did the writer boast about  a bit of business he had done?
3- Why was the writer annoyed when he met the stranger on the train?
4- How did the writer's trouble was names put him in difficulties from time to time?

   B) Read the following quotation, then answer the questions:
       “My wife says sometimes I ought to be a reporter for the newspapers and wait about at first night at cinemas looking for all the famous who go to see films.”
1- Why did the writer’s wife say he ought to be a reporter?
2- Why did the writer think that he couldn't work as a reporter?
3- How did he get out of the difficulty of forgetting names?

E) Writing

9- Write a paragraph of seven (7) sentences about:
           "The advantages and disadvantages of living in a big city"





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F) Translation

10- A) Translate into Arabic:
     1- New York is famous for its skyscrapers.

     2- Cairo has been an important centre for tourism.


      B) Translate into English:
يأتى السياح من كل أنحاء العالم لرؤية أثارها القديمة

العلم والايمان


الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل

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