لغة انجليزية 1 ثانوي - شرح Unit 4 : People and their lives - الترم الاول

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16122014

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. لغة انجليزية 1 ثانوي - شرح Unit 4 : People and their lives - الترم الاول




Unit 4                                 People and their lives


Vocabulary

British                                     بريطانى grandparents                              الأجداد
Australia                                  استراليا apartment                                   شقة
wife                                             زوجة language                                        لغة
husband                                        زوج Mandarin           اللغة الرسمية فى الصين
daughter                                       ابنة the most common             الاكثر شيوعا
son                                                ابن billion                                         بليون
child                                           طفل speaker                         متحدث / متكلم
children                                     أطفال sports                                العاب رياضية  
teach/taught /taught                      يعلم table tennis                         تنس طاولة
biology                                 علم الأحياء favourite                                   مفضل
study                                          يدرس giant                                         عملاق
medicine                             الطب / دواء panda                                حيوان الباندا
sporty family           أسرة تعشق الرياضة mountains                                  الجبال
sailing                                         ابحار successfully                                 بنجاح
charity                  جمعية خيرية / صدقة event                                           حدث
disabilities                      اعاقات جسدية historical place                  مكان تاريخى
Chinese                 اللغة الصينية / صينى ride / rode / ridden           يركب (حصان)
China                                         الصين fly / flew / flown                يطير / يسافر
design                                        يصمم crocodile                                  تمساح
architecture                   هندسة معمارية beat                             يهزم / يفوز على
architect                       مهندس معمارى exhausted = extremely tired         مرهق
government                 حكومة / حكومى generosity                             كرم / جود
building                                      مبنى generous                             كريم / جواد
graduate                          يتخرج / خريج national hero                         بطل قومى
interpreter                         مترجم فورى heroic                                       بطولى
busy                                        مشغول proud                                           فخور
town                                مدينة صغيرة pride                         فخر / كبرياء / اعتزاز
Italy                                          ايطاليا athlete                                      رياضى
Italian                     ايطالى / لغة ايطالية swimmer                                    سباح
northern                                 شمالى area                                         منطقة
geography                               جغرافيا primary school                مدرسة ابتدائية
over                                   ما يزيد عن swimming championship  بطولة السباحة
Swedish                                  سويدى champion                                      بطل
manager                                       مدير swimming pool                 حمام سباحة
hotel                                          فندق train                               يتدرب / يتمرن
capital                                       عاصمة trainer                                        مدرب
still                                             مازال the English Channel        القنال الانجليزية
parents                                     الوالدان Turkey                                         تركيا

(1)
cross                                            يعبر narrow                                        ضيق
professional                              محترف sporting hero                       بطل رياضى
continue                             يستمر فى pension                                     معاش
long-distance race  سباق مسافات طويلة report                                          تقرير
swimming race              سباق السباحة headline                  عنوان (فى صحيفة)
fame                                         شهرة the crocodile of the Nile      تمساح النيل
beach                                            بلاج nickname                                     لقب
drown                                         يغرق sportsman                                 رياضى
injure                                        يصيب sportswoman                             رياضية
admire                                     يعجب بـ restaurant                                  مطعم
brave                                        شجاع drowning                                   الغرق
achievements                            انجازات main                                         رئيسى
finally                        أخيرا / فى النهاية details                                      تفاصيل
determination                 تصميم / عزيمة                                                                                                                                                                                   Russia                                         روسيا
loyalty                               ولاء / اخلاص sympathetic                            متعاطف
postpone                                     يؤجل president                                    رئيس
retirement                 التقاعد عن العمل qualities                                     صفات


Expressions & Idioms

live in                                   يعيش فى after a request from         بناء على طلب
live with                                  يعيش مع move to                               ينتقل الى
at university                         فى الجامعة at the age of                            فى سن
in three years         فى خلال ثلاث سنوات play a sport                 يلعب لعبة رياضية
work for                               يعمل لدى all over the world      فى كل أنحاء العالم
do architecture  يدرس الهندسة المعمارية in the same year             فى نفس العام
take … on trips          يأخذ .... فى رحلات without a break          بدون راحة أو توقف
at a hotel                              فى فندق graduate from                         يتخرج من
on a news program      فى برنامج اخبارى give his name to          يطلق اسمه على
be from                                  يكون من retire from                            يتقاعد من
in the third year            فى الصف الثالث give up                                 يتوقف عن
at secondary school فى المدرسة الثانوية save ……from                      ينقذ .... من
at home                               فى المنزل   go for a walk                    يذهب للنزهة
spend time with             يقضى الوقت مع name … after                     يسمى باسم
go to England               يذهب الى انجلترا in the world                          فى العالم
change …. into                  يحول .... الى go into hospital          يدخل المستشفى
be married to                         متزوج من hear of
break a record for يحطم الرقم القياسى لـ find out                                    يكتشف
proud of                                    فخور بـ lose against                           يخسر ضد
swim across                          يسبح عبر pleased with                          مسرور من
sum up                             يلخص / يوجز end with                                  ينهى بـ

(2)
Word Families

Noun اسم Verb   فعل Adjective  صفة
disagreement اختلاف           disagree   يختلف / لا يوافق disagreeable            كريه
enjoyment                متعة enjoy                 يستمتع بـ enjoyable                 ممتع
generosity          كرم / جود x generous         كريم / جواد
hero                         بطل x heroic                   بطولى
helper                   مساعد help                      يساعد helpful     معين / ذو فائدة
helpless  لا حول له و لا قوة
pride                       الفخر x proud                      فخور
relaxation         استرخاء relax               يسترخى Relaxing
     مشجع على الاسترخاء
trainer      مدرب               train     يدرب                   x


Confusable Words

 interpreter / translator:
    interpreter:    مترجم فورى.شفهى
     - I want to work as an interpreter.
    translator:                  مترجم نصوص
     - My uncle is a translator; he translates documents, and official papers.

 prize / present:
    prize: جائزة (يحصل عليها الفرد نتيجة فوزه فى سباق أو مسابقة )  
- He won the race and got the first prize.
    present:     هدية (تقدم لشخص فى مناسبة ما أو كنوع من الشكر)    
     - I receive a lot of presents on my birthday.

 beat / win:
    win: (a championship بطولة / a race  سباق / a competition مسابقة / a match / a game / a prize)           يفوز بـ / يكسب  
    beat: (someone شخص / a team فريق)         يهزم

 teach / learn
    teach:  يعلم  
     - She taught English to foreign students.
    learn: يتعلم  
     - They learn Russian at school.

 historic / historical
    historic:  (famous or important in history)         ذو أهمية تاريخية
    historic building مبنى / place مكان / event حدث / day يوم/ date تاريخ
    historical: (connected with the study of history) مرتبط بدراسة التاريخ    
      historical research بحث / papers أبحاث / studies دراسات / plays مسرحيات /  
                      films أفلام / novels روايات

(3)
 retire / resign:
    retire:
     - Since retiring from the company, she has done voluntary work for a charity.
    resign:
     - He resigned from the company in order to take a more challenging job.


Language Notes

 like + v. + ing: يحب  
   - I like sailing in my free time.

 enjoy + v. + ing:
   - I enjoy meeting new people.

 children with disabilities: children who suffer from disabilities  أطفال معاقون  
   - We should take care of children with disabilities.  (who)
      We should take care of children who suffer from disabilities.

 spend + مدة زمنية  + v. + ing:
   - He spent two hours playing the piano.

 decide + to + inf. :
    - He decided to buy a new mobile.

 at the age of:  فى سن  
    - Abu-Heif broke a record when he was 17.  (age)
      Abu-Heif broke a record at the age of 17.

 so ……. that:  جدا لدرجة أن    
   فاعل  + فعل  + so + صفة أو حال  + that + جملة
- He was very strong. He could carry the heavy box. (so……….that)
He was so strong that he could carry the heavy box.

 such …… that: جدا لدرجة أن  
  فاعل  + فعل  + such + a/an صفة + اسم +  that + جملة
   - It was a very exciting film. I saw it many times.  (such……..that)
     It was such an exciting film that I saw it many times.

 What about + v. + ing…………?:      ما رأيم فى
   = Why don't we / you + inf. ……?:    و لما لا    
    = Let's + inf. ………?                               هيا بنا
   - Let's go to the club?  (What / Why)
     What about going to the club?
     Why don't we go to the club?



(4)
Reading

The world's best swimmer

 Abu-Heif was one of the best Egyptian athletes ever. In 2001, he won a prize as the best swimmer of the 20th century.
 Abdel-Latif Abu-Heif was born in 1929 in the Anfoushi area of Alexandria.  His father was a primary school teacher and Abu-Heif was the tenth of twelve sons in the family. As a boy, he spent a lot of his time swimming in the sea. At the age of ten, he won the Egyptian primary school swimming championship. After this, he moved to Cairo and trained at al-Ahli Club.
 In 1951, Abu-Heif became internationally famous when he swam across the English Channel. In 1953, he crossed the Channel again. This time he broke the record by crossing in 13 hours and 45 minutes. When he returned to Egypt, the people welcomed him as a national hero.
 Abu-Heif continued to train for seven hours a day and to swim in long-distance races all over the world. In 1963, in Toronto, he beat Harry William, one of the greatest swimmers in the world. In the same year, he won the Montreal swimming race after he swam for 30 hours without a break. All the other swimmers had given up because they were exhausted. Egypt was so proud of its world famous swimmer that they gave his name to a beach at al-Anfoushi.
 In 1966,   Abu-Heif decided   to retire from swimming. However, President Nasser asked him to think again.  So Abu-Heif continued to swim and win prizes until 1975, when he finally retired at the age of 46.
 Abu-Heif was also famous for his generosity. He gave his prize money for swimming the English Channel to the family of a British swimmer who had drowned while he was crossing the Channel. He also gave money to the family of a French swimmer who injured his back during a race in France. Abu-Heif died in April 2008.
 As a world-famous swimmer and Egypt's greatest athlete of all time, Abu-Heif was visited by kings and other important people. His ability as a swimmer was so incredible that doctors and scientists came to Egypt to study him because they wanted to know what made him such a powerful swimmer.
 For many years, Abu-Heif was not seen on television or read about in newspapers. In 2006, at the age of 79, he went into hospital because he had a weak heart. When he died in April 2008, it was not important news. For older people, Abu-Heif was Egypt's greatest sporting hero, but some younger people do not even know his name.

"Crocodile of the Nile" breaks record crossing Channel

 Yesterday, Abdel-Lalif Abu-Heif, 22, from Alexandria in Egypt, broke the world record for swimming across the English Channel. Abu-Heif swam the 32 kilometres between England and France in 13 hours and 45 minutes. This is the narrowest part of English Channel
The first person who swam across the Channel was Matthew Webb in 1875. His crossing took 21 hours and 45.
(5)
Questions & answers:

1- What do you know about Abu-Heif?
- He was one of the best Egyptian athletes. In 2001, he won a prize as the best swimmer of the 20th century.

2- What prize did Abu-Heif win in 2001?
- He won a prize as the best swimmer of the 20th century.

3- When and where was Abu-Heif born?
- He was horn in 1929 in the Anfoushi area of Alexandria.  

4- What was Abu-Heif's father?
- He was a primary school teacher.

5- How many brothers did Abu-Heif have?
- He had eleven brothers.

6- As a boy, how did Abu-Heif spend a lot of his time?
- As a boy, he spent a lot of his time swimming in the sea.

7- What did Abu-Heif win that the age of ten?
- At the age of ten, he won the Egyptian primary school swimming championship.

8- Where did Abu-Heif move to after winning the primary school championship?
- He moved to Cairo.

9- Where did Abu-Heif train when he moved to Cairo?
   - He trained at al-Ahli Club.

10- When and why did Abu-Heif become internationally famous?
- In 1951, Abu-Heif became internationally famous because he swam across the English Channel.

11- When did Abu-Heif swim across the English Channel for the first time?
- He swam across the English Channel for the first time in 1951.

12- When did Abu-Heif break the world record for swimming across the English Channel?
   - He broke the world record for swimming across the English Channel in 1953 in 13 hours and 45 minutes.

13- How did people welcome Abu-Heif when he returned to Egypt?
   - When he returned to Egypt, people welcomed him as a national hero.

14- How many hours did Abu-Heif train per day?
- He trained for seven hours per day.
(6)
15- Who did Abu-Heif beat in 1963?
- He beat Harry William, one of the greatest swimmers in the world in 1963.

16- What did Abu-Heif win in 1963?
- He won the Montreal swimming race after he swam for 30 hours without a break.

17- Why did all the other swimmers give up the Montreal Race?
- Because they were exhausted.

18- How did Egypt show it was proud of Abu-Heif?
- It named a beach after him at al-Anfoushi.

19- When did Abu-Heif decide to retire?
- He decided to retire in 1966.

20- Who discouraged Abu-Heif from retiring in 1966?
- President Nasser discouraged Abu-Heif from retiring in 1966.

21- When did Abu-Heif retire?
- He retired at the age of 46.

22- What was Abu-Heif famous for?
- He was famous for being a world-famous swimmer and Egypt's greatest athlete of all time. He was also famous for his generosity.

23- How was Abu-Heif generous?
- He gave his prize money for swimming the English Channel to the family of a British swimmer who had drowned while he was crossing the Channel. He also gave money to the family of a French swimmer who injured his back during a race in France.

24- What qualities did Abu-Heif have that made him such a great man?
- He was generous, sympathetic, and loyal to his country.

25- When did Abu-Heif die?
- He died in April 2008.

26- What makes someone a national hero like Abu-Heif?
- They become well-known across the world for their achievements.

27- Why did Abu-Heif go into hospital in 2006?
- Because he had a weak heart.

28- Why did doctors and scientists come to Egypt to study Abu-Heif?
- Because they wanted to know what made him such a powerful swimmer.

29- Do you think Egyptians should have honoured Abu-Heif more in old age? How?
- Yes, by visiting him more often, conducting interviews more with him, etc.
(7)
30- Who was the first person to swim across the English Channel?
- The first person to swim across the English Channel was Matthew Webb.

 Choose the correct answer:
1- Employees (recycle-retire-starve-survive) at the age of sixty.
2- Abu-Heif (smashed-cut-fell-broke) a world swimming record when he was 22.
3- When I have free time, I spend it at home (at-in-with-of) my family.
4- Mark and Fady are both (in-on-at-by) the third year at secondary school.
5- I (beat-won-earned-gained) a prize for English two years ago.
6- My elder brother has just (got-graded-graduated-joined) from university.
7- He spent a lot of time (swimming-swim-swam-swims) in the sea.
8- He was the first person to swim (by-beside-over-across) the English Channel.
9- Table tennis is my (favour-favourite-hated-disliked) sport. I like it very much.
10- My mother is the manager (from-by-at-with) a hotel in our time.
11- When Abu-Heif returned to Egypt he was welcomed as a national (heroic-hero-heroine-heroism).
12- The government (took-made-named-gave) Abu-Heif's name to a beach at al-Anfoushi.
13- Last year, we went (to-in-with-of) Australia.
14- A professional (trainer-train-training-trains) helped Abu-Heif to become a famous swimmer.
15- I like most sports, but I find table tennis most (enjoy-enjoyment-enjoyed-enjoyable).
16- To keep fit, professional athletes have to (train-trainer-training-trained) every day.
17- A balanced diet enables us to (do-make-keep-cause) fit.
18- It was (enjoyable-disagreeable-unkind-generous) of him to offer to pay the bill for us.
19- (Biology-Physics-Chemistry-Phonology) is the scientific study of living things.
20- (Community-Association-Assembly-Charity) is an organization for helping people in need.
21- (An interpreter-An accountant-A doctor-An architect) is a person who changes spoken words of a language into another language.
22- My favourite (sport-sporty-poem-meal) is table tennis.
23- He is (cooking-searching-making-doing) architecture at university.
24- We should give more attention to children with learning (abilities-disabilities-habits-families).
25- Architecture is the study of (making-giving-doing-designing) buildings.
26- She was awarded a school (patrol-shift-prize-ship) for her cleverness.
27- If I need to (relax-relaxed-relaxation-relaxing), I watch TV or go for a walk.
28- My brother is very (helpless-helping-helpful-helper): he often helps me with my homework.
29- My father was very (hero-heroine-heroic-heroism) last year: he saved one of my friends from drowning.
30- Our family is a very (sport-sporting-sports-sporty) one.
(8)
 Rewrite using the word(s) in brackets to give the same meaning:
1- Abu-Heif broke a record when he was 17.  (age)
2- Argentina beat Brazil in 1957.  (lost)
3- What about phoning your friend to say you'll be late? (Why…..)
4- I was extremely tired that I slept for twelve hours.  (exhausted)
5- France lost against Italy in the final of the football competition. (beat)


Language Focus

Present perfect simple tense
 زمن المضارع التام البسيط

 Form: التكوين  
 يتكون المضارع التام البسيط من has / have + p.p.  
- I have seen that film.      
- He has sent me an e-mail this morning.

 Usage:     الاستخدام
 يعبر المضارع التام عن أحداث بدأت فى الماضى و مازالت مستمرا.
- I've written three letters this morning.  (It is still morning.)
- I've lived in Cairo since 1999 / for 10 years.  (I'm still living there.)
 يعبر المضارع التام عن أحداث تمت حديثا.  
- I've just finished my first year at university.  
  - I’ve already told him twice.
- We haven’t decided what to do for the holidays yet.
 يعبر المضارع التام عن أحداث لم تحدث بعد.
  - She's never played tennis.
 يستخدم المضارع التام للسؤال عن خبرة شخص ما .
  - Have you ever been to Greece?
 يعبر عن حدث تم فى الماضى دون تحديد وقت حدوثه. و فى حالة تحديد وقت حدوثه نستخدم الماضى البسيط.
- She has polished her shoes.  
  - She polished her shoes yesterday.
 يستخدم المضارع التام مع الكلمات الآتية:
  already / just / ever / never / yet / since / for / so far / lately / recently
- He has typed five letters so far.

ملاحظات:
 يأتى بعد since  زمن يحدد بداية الحدث أما for  يأتى بعدها مدة هذا الحدث.
   Since 1998 / last week (year / month) / October / Sunday / this morning
             yesterday – lunch – then – 5 o’clock
   for a day ( week / moth / year ) – an hour – ages – a long time - 3 days
                   (weeks / months / years) - the last week (year / month)

(9)
 إذا جاء مع since  فعل واحد يكون فى زمن المضارع التام أما إذا جاء مع    sinceفعلين
  فالفعل الذى يلى since  يكون ماضي بسيط و الآخر مضارع تام.
- I haven’t seen him since last week.
- I haven’t seen him since he left for Cairo.
 نستخدم ever  فى الأسئلة و الجمل التى تبدأ بـ Nobody / Nothing / No one.
  - Have you ever been to the zoo?  
  - Nothing like this has ever happened to us.
 يمكن استخدام ever  فى الجمل التى تتضمن صيغة مقارنة بين أكثر من اثنين.
- This is the most exciting film I have ever seen.
 نستخدم never  فى الجمل المنفية.  
- No, I have never been to the zoo.
 تستخدم yet فى نهاية الأسئلة و الجمل المنفية.
- Has he arrived yet?        
- They haven't eaten yet.
 نستخدم already  فى الأسئلة و الجمل المثبتة.
  - Have you already written to John?    
  - He has already had dinner.
 فى حالة استخدام ever  فى جمله بها never / before  نبدأ بــ This is the first time  
- I have never seen a lion before. (ever)
  This is the first time I have ever seen a lion.
 عند استخدام since / for  بدلا من the last time / last / when / ago  نحول الماضى
البسيط إلى مضارع تام منفى.
- I last ate fish when I was in Alex.  (since)
  I haven’t eaten fish since I was in Alex.
 إذا كانت الجملة مضارع تام منفى و بدأنا بــ It’s  نستخدم التركيب التالى
       It’s + مدة زمنية   + since + فاعل + last +   ماضى بسيط مثبت
- I haven’t seen him for ages. (It’s……)
  It’s ages since I last saw him.
 إذا استخدمنا just  بدلا من  a moment ago / a short time ago نحول الماضى البسيط إلى مضارع تام مثبت.
- The train left a moment ago. (just)
     The train has just left.
 عند استخدام  ago  بدلا من since / for  نحول المضارع التام الى
     began / started + to + inf.  
- It has rained for two hours.  (ago)
    It began to rain two hours ago.

The present perfect continuous tense
 زمن المضارع التام المستمر

 Form:      التكوين
 يتكون المضارع التام المستمر من has / have + been + v. + ing
- He has been learning English for five years.


(10)
 Usage:     الاستخدام
 يستخدم المضارع التام المستمر لنقول أن شخصا مازال فى منتصف العمل أو أن الحدث لم ينتهى.
- Ali’s clothes are covered in paint. He has been painting the ceiling.
أما المضارع التام البسيط فيعبر عن حدث انتهى.
- The ceiling was white. Now it’s blue. Ali has painted the ceiling.
 يعبر المضارع التام المستمر عن مدة حدوث الفعل.
- Mounir has been reclaiming desert land and farming it for 8 years now.
- Abd-El Magid has been selling flowers since he was 21.
- I’ve been waiting here for half an hour.
 يستخدم المضارع التام المستمر مع  ( ظرف زمنى since / for / all +)  
- He has been working there since he passed his exams.
- He has been working there for a long time.
- He has been playing football all day.
 و غالبا ما تكون هناك كلمة تؤكد على استمرارية الحدث مثل still / now / yet.
- It has been raining for three hours now.
- He has been painting his flat and he hasn’t finished yet.
- He has been painting his flat and he’s still painting it.
 إذا استخدمنا since / for  بدلا من began / started + v. + ing / inf.  و أى كلمة تدل على الماضى نحذف كل ما يدل على الماضى و began / started  و نستخدم المضارع التام المستمر.
 - She began learning English 5 years ago and she’s still learning it. (for)
   She has been learning English for 5 years and she’s still learning it.
 لا تستخدم الأفعال الآتية فى الأزمنة المستمرة عندما تعبر عن شعور.
agree يوافق / believe يعتقد / feel يشعر / hate  يكره/ know  يعرف/ like  يحب/
love  يحبmean يعنى  / prefer  / think يعتقد  / wish يتمنى / understand يفهم

 Choose the correct answer:
1- Maria hasn’t called her parents (ever-never-yet-already).
2- John has lived in the same house (since-for-ago-in) twenty years.
3- People (have been making-are making-would be making-had been making) music for thousands of years.
4- They have lived in Paris (for-ago-in-since) 1996.
5- She has worked at the university (for-ago-in-since) a long time.
6- She (has been waiting-has waited-waited-is waiting) for you all day.
7- I've been working on a report (for-since-ago-from) eight o'clock this morning.
8- She (has been knowing-is knows-knew-has known) him since she was a child.
9- Have you (ever-never-always-yet) been to England?
10- She (went-had been-has been-have been) to the cinema twice this week.
11- Nobody has (never-yet-always-ever) said that to me before.
12- It's the first time I've (ever-never-yet-already) eaten snails.
13- They (don't eat-didn't eat-hadn't eaten-haven't eaten) yet.
14- I've (yet-already-always-ever) drunk three coffees this morning.
15- I am a student in the third secondary grade. I (learn-learnt-am learning-have been learning) English for eight years.
(11)
 Rewrite using the word(s) in brackets to give the same meaning:
1- I last saw him when we were in Alex.   (since)
2- The bus left a moment ago.  (just)
3- He has been in prison for the last year.  (since)
4- I haven't seen Tom for two years.  (It's……..)
5- It's years since I took any photographs.  (for)
6- He has never driven a car before.  (It's the first time….)
7- He began looking for a job six moths ago and he's still looking now. (for)
8- I haven't seen her since 2004.  (I last………)
9- It has been raining for three hours now.  (ago)
10- He hasn't written to me for three months.  (The last time….)


Language Functions


What you say Response
Suggesting
الاقتراح - Let’s + inf………………..                
- What about + v. + ing….?
- Why don’t we + inf………?            
- Shall we + inf……………?
- I suggest + v. + ing…….              
- Would you like + to + inf……? Agreeing:  موافقة    
- It’s a good idea.  / I’d love to.      
- That sounds nice.
Refusing:  رفض      
- I’m sorry, I’m afraid I can’t.            
- I’m afraid I’m busy.
Inviting
الدعوة
- Come and + inf…….. .                
- I invite you to + inf. ………..
- I’d like to invite you to + inf….    
- Would you like to + inf………
- May I invite you to + inf……….    
- Will you join us?
- How about + v. + ing……. Agreeing:
- Thank you. I’d love to.    
- I’d be pleased to come.      
- Great idea.
Refusing:
- I’m sorry I’m busy.          
-I’d love to but I’m afraid I can’t.
Asking for opinion    طلب الرأى - What do you think of….?                          
- What’s your opinion of…?
- What about + V. + ing………….?      
- How do you like……….?
Approving: استحسان                
- It’s wonderful/interesting.    
- I like it very much.
Disapproving:عدم استحسان      
- It ‘s boring/expensive

 Write what you would say in each of the following situations:
1- You ask your friend about his opinion of your new mobile.
2- You suggest going to the club.
3- You invite your friend to have dinner with you.
4- You are unable to accept your friend's invitation to dinner.
5- Your friend suggests going to the cinema. You agree.


(12)
Test 4

A) Language Functions

1- Finish the following dialogue:
   Anwar and Ibrahim meet for the first time on a train. They introduce themselves to each other.
   Ibrahim: Hi, I'm Ibrahim from Cairo. …………………………………………………..?
   Anwar  : Anwar, and I'm from Alexandria.
   Ibrahim: …………………………………………………………?
   Anwar  : I'm nearly nineteen.
   Ibrahim: …………………………………………………………..?
   Anwar  : I'm a student at the university.
   Ibrahim: …………………………………………………………….?
   Anwar  : I'd like to be a teacher.

2- Write what you would say in each of the following situations:
1- Your grandfather admires Abu-Heif. You want to know why.
2- Someone asks you what your favourite hobby is.
3- You are invited to a party but you can't go.
4- Your sister bought a new shirt. She asks your opinion.

B) Vocabulary and Structure

3- Choose the correct answer from a, b, c, or d:
1- Ahmed, Ali and Ashraf all live ……………….. the same flat.
a) on               b) with            c) in               d) about
2- I'm hoping to …………….. maths when I go to university.
a) make           b) go               c) see             d) study
3- My sister is a new doctor. She has just ………….. from the Faculty of Medicine.
a) studied        b) graduated     c) joined         d) finished
4- Athletes must work with a good …………………… to perform well.
a) training       b) train              c) trainer        d) trainee
5- Salma ……………… in Tanta since 2004.
a) lived           b) lives              c) is living       d) has lived
6- He has worked in this school ………….. more than twenty years.
a) since           b) in                 c) for              d) at
7- Mr and Mrs Mohamed are ……………… and husband.
a) son             b) father           c) brother        d) husband
8- I couldn't run any farther because I was completely ………………… .
a) tired           b) exhausting     c) tiring           d) exhausted
9- She has known him ……………….. she was a child.
a) since          b) for                 c) when           d) ago
10- When the employee reaches the age of 60, he / she ………………… .
a) recycles      b) retires             c) starves        d) survives.
(13)
4- Rewrite the following sentences using the word(s) in brackets to give the same meaning:
1- My uncle works in Brazil. He started working there three years ago. (for)
2- This is the first time I've ever traveled by air.  (never)
3- Abu-Heif won the Egyptian primary schools championship at the age of ten.
                                                                                     (when)
4- I haven't eaten fish since I was in Alexandria.   (since)

5- Read the text below, then write the word which best fits each space:
          Lili is a fifteen-year-old Chinese girl. She lives in the (1)…………… of China, Beijing. She is still at school, so she lives with her (2)……………… in a flat in Beijing. Her first (3)……………… is Mandarin, which is the most (4)…………….. language in the world. She loves (5)………………….., especially table tennis and basketball. She has never (6)…………………… outside China, but she hopes to visit Europe one day.

C) Reading Comprehension and Set Books

6- Read the following passage, then answer the questions:
           A few months ago, the pilot of a small plane had an unusual flight. A strong wind blew the plane sideways, and it touched the top of a tree. Both wheels of the plane were knocked off but the plane did not crash.
           The pilot sent a radio message to the airport. He did not know how to land without wheels. The airport controller promised to help the pilot. He telephoned the airport firemen and told them what to do.
           A fireman saw a long open lorry. It was waiting at the airport building to collect some goods. The fireman borrowed it and drove to one end of the airport runway. Then he turned round and waited for the plane to come. The airport controller sent a radio message to the pilot. He told him to land on top of the lorry. The fireman drove quickly along the runway and the pilot flew down to land. Luckily, he managed to land on the lorry. Part of the lorry was damaged and the tail of the plane was broken but nobody was injured. The fireman slowed the lorry down and then stopped. The pilot was very grateful. He gladly agreed to pay for the damage of the lorry.

A) Answer the following questions:
  1- Why did the pilot send a radio message to the airport?
  2- How was the fireman able to save the pilot?
  3- What did the airport controller do to help the pilot?
  4- What does the underlined word "he" refer to?

B) Choose the correct answer:
  5- There were (many-no-few-a lot of) passengers on the plane.
  6-The pilot was grateful because (he landed safely-the lorry was damaged-the plane was not damaged-he would pay for the damage).
  7-After the adventure, the plane was in need of (a new tail only-two wheels only-a tail and two wheels-a tail and four wheels).
(14)
7- Answer only Four (4) of the following questions:
1- What do you know about Abu-Heif?
2- What did Abu-Heif win that the age of ten?
3- When and why did Abu-Heif become internationally famous?
4- How did people welcome Abu-Heif when he returned to Egypt?
5- How did Egypt show it was proud of Abu-Heif?
6- How was Abu-Heif generous?

D) The Novel

8- A) Answer the following questions:
      1- Why did Augustus stop painting people?
      2- What did Augustus decide to do after giving up the struggle?
      3- What did the stranger want when he said "but"?
      4- How did Augustus's parents help him to be an artist?

B) Read the following quotation and then answer the questions:
   "If I had had the soul of a true artist, I would have died rather than do such a thing."
1- Who said this, to whom?
2- What did the speaker blame himself for?
3- Did the speaker have the soul of a true artist? Account for your answer.

E) Writing

9- Write a paragraph of seven sentences about:
                         "Friendship".

F) Translation

10- A) Translate into Arabic:
        1- Have you ever visited Aswan?
        2-Hard work and patience lead to success.

  B) Translate into English:
عبر أبو هيف القنال الانجليزية

العلم والايمان


الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل

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