لغة انجليزية 1 ثانوي - شرح Unit 2 : Charles Dickens - الترم الاول

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16122014

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. لغة انجليزية 1 ثانوي - شرح Unit 2 : Charles Dickens - الترم الاول




Unit 2: Charles Dickens

Vocabulary

sort = kind                                   نوع rich                                             غنى
short story                           قصة قصيرة flats                                          شقق
thriller                                  فيلم مثير workhouse                    اصلاحية للأحداث
detective fiction                قصص بوليسية a day                                    فى اليوم
science fiction             قصص خيال علمي interview   مقابلة شخصية / يجرى مقابلة
novel                          رواية (قصة طويلة) main                                         رئيسى
novelist                                       روائى grow                                           يزداد
prison                                         سجن share                                         يشارك
debt                                             دين felucca                                       مركب
journalist                                  صحفى crew                     طاقم سفينة أو طائرة
newspaper                               صحيفة the Nile police                الشرطة النهرية
character                                 شخصية passengers                                  ركاب
thief                                              لص fisherman                           صياد سمك
thieves                                      لصوص sail                                              يبحر
events                                        أحداث nearby                              مجاور / قريب
criminal                                       مجرم edge                                            حافة
punish                                         يعاقب hungry                                     جوعان
punishment                                عقاب shoot / shot / shot          يطلق النار على
report                                           تقرير half brother                      أخ غير شقيق
play                    مسرحية / يعزف / يلعب adopt                                          يتبنى
film                                             فيلم gang                                          عصابة
nationality                                 جنسية arrest                                   يقبض على
British                                      بريطانى kidnap                                        يخطف
most = very                                  جدا niece                      بنت الأخ / بنت الأخت
century                           قرن (مائة عام) pocket                                          جيب
factory                                        مصنع group                                      مجموعة
probably                           من المحتمل crime                                          جريمة
writer                                           كاتب prisoner                                    سجين
ideas                                           أفكار illegal                                  غير قانونى
office clerk                   موظف فى مكتب keep                                           يحفظ
magazine                                     مجلة daughter                                        ابنة
real                             حقيقى / واقعى choice                                        اختيار
follow                                          يتبع moral                       عظة / درس أخلاقى
Russian                                     روسى reward                          مكافأة / يكافىء
dark side                        الجانب المظلم relation                             قريب / علاقة  
describe                                       يصف generous                            كريم / جواد
workers                                      عمال kind                                           عطوف
poor                                            فقير thoughtful            مراع لمشاعر الآخرين
(1)
happily                                     سعيدا society                                       مجتمع
honestly                        بأمانة / باخلاص reflect                      يعكس / يلقى الضوء
adults                       البالغين / الراشدين pay / paid / paid                            يدفع
details                                       تفاصيل way                                طريقة / وسيلة
birth                                            ميلاد reason                                        سبب
death                                           وفاة sail                                               يبحر
including                            بما فى ذلك disappointed                               محبط
list                                             قائمة hard                                 صعب / بجد  


Idioms & Expressions

be in debt                            يكون مدينا stop ….. from + v. + ing       يمنع ...من
go to prison        يوضع بالسجن / يسجن at the edge of                      على حافة
go on                            يواصل / يستمر take place                                   يحدث
get into debt                   يقع تحت الدين instead of + v. + ing                  بدلا من
refer to                                 يشير الى ask for advice                     يطلب نصيحة
hear of                                 يسمع عن run away                                     يهرب
known (famous) for   معروف (مشهور) بـ   be in trouble                    يكون فى مأزق
work as                                   يعمل كـ find out                                   يكتشف
work for                               يعمل لدى by force                                     بالقوة
do wrong                                   يخطئ break into                                  يقتحم
look for                                  يبحث عن grow up                                يكبر / ينمو
look after                                 يعتنى بـ belong to                    يخص / ينتمى الى
look like                                     يشبه take …… back                     يعيد / يرجع
at the age of                           فى سن pay for                                   يدفع ثمن
at the weekend           فى نهاية الأسبوع give a chance                        يمنح فرصة
on board  على متن / على ظهر (السفينة) live on the streets       يعيش فى الشوارع
introduce…..to    يقدم .....لـ / يعرف...على work out             يحل (مسألة) / يستنبط
catch fish                          يصطاد سمك be rewarded for                     يكافأ على
crowded with                         مزدحم بـ guilty of                                   مذنب بـ
large numbers of            أعداد كبيرة من owe money to                    يدين بالمال لـ
be born into a good family            يولد فى أسرة طيبة


Language Notes


 borrow + شئ + from + شخص:        يستعير / يقترض شئ من شخص        
 lend + شخص + شئ:                          يسلف / يقرض شخص شئ        
 lend + شئ + to + شخص:                            يسلف / يقرض شئ لشخص
        - Dalia lent Hala her camera.  (borrowed)
   Hala borrowed a camera from Dalia.
(2)
 earn: يكسب المال / عيشه (من العمل الجاد)                    
      - He works as a taxi driver to earn his living.
      - People work hard to earn money.

 gain:(experience/information / Knowledge) يكتسب (خبرة / معلومات / معرفة)  
              (weight / height / speed)يزداد (فى الوزن / الطول / السرعة)                    
       - He gained a lot of experience from his work.
   - The plane gained speed to take off.

 work: عمل / مكان العمل ( اسم لا يعد و لا يسبقها أداة )        
- It takes a lot of work to build a house.
- Mr Mark leaves work at two o’clock every day.

 job: وظيفة / عمل (اسم يعد و يجمع)                              
- It’s very difficult to find a job at the moment
- I have got a lot of jobs to do.

 steal:      يسرق شيئا (يأتى بعده الشئ المسروق)
          - The thieves stole five million dollars from the bank.

 rob: يسرق من مكان أو شخص (يأتى بعده الشخص أو المكان الذى يسرق منه)        
   - They robbed a bank last week.    
   - Someone robbed me last night.

 rob someone of something: يسرق من شخص شئ    
       - Someone robbed me of my watch last night.

 country:    دولة        the country: الريف                village:     قرية
   - Egypt is my country.
   - I live in the country.
   - Life in the village is quieter than life in the city.

 although:                         بالرغم من (تربط جملتين متناقضتين فى المعنى)
    - He was ill. He went to work.  (although)
      He went to work although he was ill.

 so:  و لذلك (يأتى قبلها جملة السبب و بعدها جملة النتيجة)          
 because:  لأن (يأتى قبلها جملة النتيجة و بعدها جملة السبب)  
 because of: (ing بسبب (يأتى قبلها جملة النتيجة و بعدها اسم أو فعل ينتهى بـ
   - He was ill. He went to the doctor.   (so / because / because of)
     He was ill, so he went to the doctor.
     He went to the doctor because he was ill.
     He went to the doctor because of his illness.  مرض
     He went to the doctor because of being ill. مريض





(3)
 Choose the correct answer:
1- Naguib Mahfouz wrote (tales-novels-plays-stories) about life in Egypt in the 20th century.
2- Thieves should go to (prison-hospital-school-factory).
3- If you don't want to go to prison don't (make-work-do-give) anything wrong.
4- If you borrow too much money, you will be in (wealth-debt-doubt-richness).
5- A (journalist-doctor-painter-teacher) often interviews people before he or she writes their reports
6- Oliver is the main (story-film-play-character) in Dickens's story Oliver Twist.
7- In the West, people who cannot have their own children sometimes, (adopt-adapt-arrest-punish) a child who has no parents.
8- A gang broke (in-out-into-down) the bank and took millions of dollars.
9- A (gang-crew-staff-committee) is a group of criminals who work together.
10- I want to be a doctor when I (wake-grow-put-get) up.
11- The criminals (killed-kicked-kidnapped-knocked) the little boy and asked for too much money to return him.
12- His brother's daughter is his (niece-nephew-cousin-aunt).
13- I keep my glasses in my jacket (packet-pocket-bracket-basket).
14- We should (reward-punish-praise-honour) people who take things that do not belong to them.
15- When the thieves saw the police, they ran (into-on-out-away) to London.
16- Fagin taught the boys to be thieves and (rewarded-punished-offered-gave) them with food and a place to live.
17- The (word-secret-bottom-moral) of the story is that bad people will be punished and good people will be rewarded.
18- They worked very long hours to (win-earn-gain-beat) enough money to live.
19- There were not enough houses or flats for everybody, so many families (shared-divided-cut-stayed) rooms in crowded buildings.
20- Many people died when (so-although-because-because of) they were ill.
21- The gang took Oliver to (rob-steal-punish-arrest) Mrs Maylie's house.
22- In the factory Dickens worked for ten hours (a-an-the-some) day.
23- Dickens is best known (at-as-for-with) his novels about life in the 19th century Britain.
24- He went to prison because he had (taken-got-played-borrowed) into debt.
25- He traveled abroad to (earn-gain-win-spend) money for his family.
26- After he left the factory, he worked (for-out-as-of) an office clerk.
27- A (school-workhouse-workshop-greenhouse) is a place where very poor people were sent to live and work.
28- I help my friends when they are (on-at-in-for) trouble.
29- My elder brother is still looking (at-after-through-for) a better job.
30- The police stopped the gang from (rob-robbed-stealing-robbing) a bank.

 Rewrite using the word(s) in brackets to give the same meaning:
1- Someone stole Nader's watch.   (robbed)
2- He was poor but he was happy.  (although)
3- He had no money, so he didn't pay back his debts.  (because)
4- Mark borrowed a camera from Fady. (lent)
(4)
Language Focus

Past Continuous Tense  الماضى المستمر  

 Form:التكوين    
يتكون الماضى المستمر من   was / were + v. + ing
- It was raining when I got up.
- When Tom arrived, we were having dinner.

 Usage:الاستخدام          
 يعبر الماضى المستمر عن حدث مستمر أثناء وقت معين فى الماضى.
- Between six and half past six this morning, I was having breakfast.
 يعبر الماضى المستمر عن حدث كان مستمرا عندما قطعه حدث آخر فى الماضى.
- I was having a shower when the phone rang.
 يعبر الماضى المستمر عن حدثين كانا يحدثان فى نفس الوقت.
- While father was watching TV, mother was cooking in the kitchen.
 يستخدم الماضى المستمر مع الكلمات الآتية:
   while    بينما -  as     بينما-  just as    فى اللحظة التى-  when عندما
   all day yesterday       طوال اليوم أمس - all the time   طوال الوقت  

 يأتى الماضى المستمر بعد while / as / just as  بينما يكون الحدث الأخر ماضى بسيط أو ماضى مستمر حسب المعنى

- While (As / Just as) he was leaving the house, the phone rang.
- The phone rang while (as-just as) he was leaving the house.
 يمكن أن يأتى بعد  when ماضى بسيط ثم ماضى مستمر أو العكس حسب المعنى.
- I was studying English when the lights went out.
- The lights went out when I was studying English.
 يمكن أن يأتى بعد  because ماضى مستمر و الفعل الأخر ماضى بسيط.
- Magdy couldn’t hear the phone because he was having a shower.

ملاحظات:  

While + فاعل   + ماضى مستمر
                                    While + v. + ing
During + v. + ing / noun اسم

- While I was having lunch, the phone rang. (During)
During having lunch, the phone rang.
During my lunchtime, the phone rang.


When + فاعل  + ماضى بسيط  = On + v. + ing / noun اسم

- When the thief saw the police, he ran away.  (On)
 On seeing the police, the thief ran away.

(5)
 Choose the correct answer:
1- I (was driving-drove-had driven-driving) to work when I saw the accident.
2- He (fall-fell-fallen-had fallen) asleep when he was watching television.
3- I couldn’t see my favourite TV programme because my sister (watched-was watching-had watched-has watched) a football match.
4- I was reading a book when somebody (knocked-was knocking-has knocked-had knocked) on the door.
5- While he was playing the piano, his sister (studying-was studying-had studied- studied).
6- (While-When-As-Just as) playing football, he broke his leg.
7- The police arrested him as he (left-had left-has left-was leaving) the scene of the crime.
8- Between six and half past seven this morning I (had-having-was having-had had) breakfast.
9- (While-As-When-During) my sleep, I had a nightmare.
10- While we were travelling to Luxor, our car (breaking-was breaking-has broken-broke) down.

 Rewrite using the word(s) in brackets to give the same meaning:
1- He was playing when he fell down.   (While)
2- When I saw Sami, he was playing tennis.  (On)
3- During my supper, the telephone rang.  (While)
4- He was painting the ceiling and he suddenly fell off the ladder. (When)
5- On getting up next morning, he discovered that the boat had left.  (When)
6- While I was staying in England I picked up some English. (During)


Past Perfect Tense   زمن الماضى التام

 Form: التكوين    
  يتكون الماضى التام منhad + p.p.      
    - After he had eaten his lunch, he drank tea.

 Usage: الاستخدام  
 يستخدم الماضى التام ليصف حدث وقع قبل حدث آخر فى الماضى.
- When I got home, my mother had washed and ironed my clothes.
 لاحظ الفرق بين هاتين الجملتين.
- When I arrived at the party, Tom left.          = Tom left when I arrived.
- When I arrived at the party, Tom had left.   = Tom left before I arrived.
 يستخدم الماضى التام مع الكلمات الآتية:
    after   بعد / as soon as بمجرد أن   / whenعندما     / till / until     حتى  
    before  قبل  / by the timeقبل    / no sooner….than   لم يكد... ... حتى
    hardly (scarcely)……whenحتى         …… لم يكد



(6)
 After + subject فاعل   + past perfect ماضى تام   + past simple ماضى بسيط
 After + v. + ing                                              +  past simple  ماضى بسيط        
 Having + pp                                                   +  past simple ماضى بسيط


   - First he read the novel. Then he watched TV.  (After / Having)
     After he had read the novel, he watched TV.
     After reading the novel, he watched TV.
     Having read the novel, he watched TV.

 As soon as + subject فاعل  + past perfect ماضى تام  + past simple ماضى بسيط

- First he found a place. Then he parked his car.  (as soon as)
    He parked his car as soon as he had found a place.
 يستخدم الماضى التام قبل أو بعدwhen  و ذلك حسب ترتيب الأحداث.
- When he arrived, we had finished our dinner.
 = We had finished our dinner before he arrived.
- When we had finished our dinner, he arrived.
  = He arrived after we had finished our dinner.
 يمكن أن يأتى الفعلان مع when / as soon as  فى زمن الماضى البسيط.
- When I heard the news on the radio, I phoned her.
- As soon as I heard the news on the radio, I phoned her.

Past simple (negative)  ماضى بسيط منفى + till / until + past perfect ماضى تام
It wasn’t until + past perfect ماضى تام + that + past simple ماضى بسيط


- He found a place. Then he parked his car. (until / it wasn’t until)
 He didn’t park his car until he had found a place.
     It wasn’t until he had found a place that he parked his car.


Before + subjectفاعل  + past simple ماضى بسيط + past perfect ماضى تام
Before  + v. + ing                + past perfect ماضى تام
By the time +subject فاعل +past simple ماضى بسيط + past perfect ماضى تام

- First he read the novel. Then he watched TV.  (Before)
 Before he watched TV, he had read the novel.
 Before watching TV, he had read the novel.
- The police arrived but the thief escaped.  (By the time)
     By the time the police arrived, the thief had escaped.
 يستخدم الماضى التام مع by  اذا تلاها ما يدل على الماضى.
- By last Friday, he had finished the report.
 يستخدم الماضى التام مع already/ just / never / yet  إذا كانت الجملة فى الماضى.
- When we arrived at the cinema, the film had already started.
- He told me he had already done his homework.
- She had just got home when I phoned her.
(7)
                                       no sooner              than  
   subject فاعل  + had +    hardly          + p.p. when  +past simple    ماضى بسيط
                                       scarcely                 when

- They finished painting our new house. We moved into it.    
                                                  (no sooner……than / hardly…..when)
 They had no sooner finished painting our new house than we moved into it.
 They had hardly finished painting our new house when we moved into it.
 لاحظ استخدامno sooner/hardly /scarcely  بين had  و التصريف الثالث(pp)  
 إذا بدأت الجملة بــ  no sooner/hardly/scarcely  نضع الجملة الأولى فى صيغة استفهام.


   No sooner                                               than  
   Hardly        + had + subject فاعل  + p.p.+ when  + past simple  ماضى بسيط
   Scarcely                                                 when

- They had finished painting our new house. We moved into it.
                                              (No sooner…..than / Hardly……………when)
 No sooner had they finished painting our new house than we moved into it.
Hardly had they finished painting our new house when we moved into it.
 لابد من استخدام الماضى التام إذا كان ذلك يؤثر على معنى الجملة.
- He thanked me for what I had done.
- He found the bag, which he had lost.
- He was tired because he had worked for 14 hours.

 Choose the correct answer:
1- The bus (leaves-will leave-had left-has left) when I arrived at the station.
2- I didn’t write to my friend until I (have received-had received-will receive-was received) his letter.
3- They didn’t come to the cinema with us because they (have-were-had-are) already seen the film.
4- She didn’t write any letters (after-before-when-until) she had seen the film.
5- Almost everybody (had left-has left-was left-was leaving) by the time we arrived yesterday.
6- The secretary left the office after (type-had typed-typed-typing) the letters.
7- She (doesn’t buy-hadn’t bought-didn’t buy-hasn’t bought) her new dress until she had gone to many shops.
8- Before (had built-building-built-builds) the High Dam, some temples had been moved to safer places.
9- Large numbers of people came to the cities to look for work because they (lose-lost-have lost-had lost) their jobs in the country.
10- As soon as he (had arrived-arrived-arriving-arrives) home, he watched TV.
11- She bought a car after she (learned-had learned-learning-has learned) to drive.
12- Before he (had taken-taking-was taking-took) the medicine, he had eaten his lunch.
(8)
 Rewrite using the word(s) in brackets to give the same meaning:
1- First he finished his work. Then he left the office. (until)
2- She bought a car after she had learnt to drive. (It wasn't until)
3- The doctor arrived but the patient died. (By the time)
4- I phoned him immediately after he had arrived.   (Hardly………..when)
5- We watered the garden. Then we cleaned the house. (When)
6- After he had written several letters, he went to bed.  (Having)
7- Nabil did his homework, then he watched TV.  (After / Before)
8- Having finished the report, he handed it to the police. (As soon as)
9- The little boy found a gold watch. He took it to the police. (No sooner)
10- I heard the news and immediately told Youssef.  (As soon as)


Reading

Questions & answers

1) Charles Dickens

1- What do you know about Charles Dickens?
  - He is probably the most famous writer in the English Language after Shakespeare.

2- What is Dickens best known for?
  - He is best known for his novels about life in nineteenth – century Britain

3- Why did Dickens's father go to prison?
  - Because he had got into debt.

4- Why did Charles Dickens go to London?
  - Charles went to London to earn money for the family.

5- Where did Charles Dickens work at the age of twelve?
  - He worked in a London factory.

6- What did Dickens see in the factory?
  - He saw how hard life was for poor people.

7- What did Dickens do after leaving the factory?
   - He went to work as an office clerk.

8- Why did Charles Dickens go to America in 1858?
   - To read his novels to people.

9- Name Some of Charles Dickens's novels.
   - Oliver Twist, Nicholas Nickleby David Copperfield, A Tale of Two Cities, and Great Expectations.  


(9)
10- What kind of life did Dickens show in "Oliver Twist"?
   - He showed the dark side of life in the nineteenth-century London. He described the lives of child workers and life in the workhouse, where very poor people were sent to live and work.

2) Oliver Twist

1- Where did Oliver Twist grow up? Why?
 - He grew up in a workhouse because his mother had died when he was born.

2- Why did Oliver Twist grow up in a workhouse?
  - Because his mother had died when he was born.

3- How do you think Oliver felt about life in the workhouse?
 - It was a hard life because he was punished when he asked for more food.

4- Why did Oliver Twist run away to London?
  - Because whenever he asked for more food, he was punished.

5- Who did Oliver work with in London?
  - A gang of thieves, including Jack Dawkins, organized by Fagin

6- What did Oliver learn from Fagin?
  - To be a thief.

7- Did Oliver do the right thing when he became a thief? Did he have a choice?
 - No, but he had no choice.

8- Do you think Fagin is a good or bad character? Give a reason.
  - I think he is bad because he taught the gang how to be thieves (how to take things from people's pockets.

9- What did the gang try to do to Mr Brownlow?
  - They tried to take something from a man's pocket.

10- How did Mr Brownlow help Oliver?
  - He told the police not to arrest him. Then he took him back to his house and looked after him.

11- Why do you think Mr Brownlow stopped the police from arresting Oliver?
  - He felt sorry for him. He wanted to give him a chance in life.

12- What can we say about the character of Mr Brownlow?
  - He was kind, generous and thoughtful.

13- In what way do you think Mr Brownlow was rewarded for helping Oliver?
  - They could live together as a family and he could watch Oliver growing up happily and honestly.
(10)
14- Who kidnapped him and took him back to Fagin?
 - Bill Sikes kidnapped him and took him back to Fagin.

15- What do you think of Bill Sikes?
   - He was a thief and a criminal. He kidnapped Oliver and took him back to Fagin.

16- When was Oliver shot?
   - He was shot when the gang broke into Mrs Maylie's house.

17- What relation was Monks to Oliver?
   - He was his half brother.

18- What did Oliver discover when the police arrested all the gang?
   - He discovered that Monks was his half brother.

19- How do you think Oliver felt when he discovered that Monks was his half brother? Give a reason.
  - I think he felt very disappointed because brothers are supposed to love and help one another.

20- What did Mrs Maylie and Rose do when Oliver said he didn't want to be a thief?
   - They believed him and invited him to live with them.

21- Why did Monks want Oliver to be in trouble?
   - Because he wanted to get all their father's money.

22- What surprise did Oliver discover in the end?
   - He discovered that Rose was his mother's sister.

23- How do you think Oliver Twist felt when he learned that Rose was his mother's sister? Why?
   - He was probably very happy because having an aunt is almost as good as having a mother. (having an aunt is the closest one can get to having a real mother.

24- Do you think the rest of Oliver's life was happy or not? Give a reason.
   - Yes, because he was adopted by Mr Brownlow and lived with him a happy life.


Language Functions

What you say Response
Seeing people off
توديع الناس - Have a nice journey.
أتمنى لك رحلة سعيدة    
- Have a nice flight.  
أتمنى لك رحلة سعيدة    
- Have a nice time.
أتمنى لك وقتا سعيدا -Thank you.                  شكرا                
- Goodbye and don’t forget to keep in touch.
الى اللقاء و لا تنسى أن تظل على اتصال بى  
(11)
What you say Response
Requesting
الطلب   -Could you + مصدر….…please?
هل من الممكن أن ...........؟
- Would you + inf. ……., please?
هل من الممكن أن ..............؟
- I wonder if you could……
أتساءل اذا كان من الممكن أن ...؟
- I’d like……………, please.
أريد ...... من فضلك.
Agreeing: موافقة  
- Yes, of course.  نعم بالطبع
- Certainly.  بالتأكيد                            
   - It’s a pleasure. يسعدنى ذلك
- With pleasure.  بكل سرور
Refusing:    رفض  
- I’m sorry. اسف  
- I’m afraid I can’t.
اسف لا أستطيع  
- Would you mind + v. + ing……?
- Do you mind + v. + ing……?
هل لديك مانع فى ............؟
Agreeing موافقة  
- No, not at all.          لا. مطلقا
- No, of course not.    لا طبعا لا            
Refusing   رفض  
- Yes, I would (do). نعم أمانع  
Seeking information
طلب معلومات - What was your journey like?
كيف كانت الرحلة؟
- How much is it?   كم الثمن ؟  
- Could you tell me the way to….?
هل يمكن أن تخبرنى الطريق الى.؟
- How old are you?  ما عمرك؟  
-What's your nationality?
ما جنسيتك؟      - very tiring/wonderful
متعبة / رائعة جدا
     - 70 pounds.           70 جنيه
- Go straight, then turn left.
سر للامام ثم استدر يسارا
- I'm 14.     عمرى 14 سنة
- I'm Egyptian.  أنا مصرى    

 Write what you would say in each of the following situations:
1- You ask your friend to lend you his camera.
2- You want to know the price of a kilo of apples.
3- Your friend asks you if he could use you mobile. You agree.
4- Your friend wants to borrow your bike but you need it.
5- You go to the airport to see your friend off.
6- You ask the policeman about the way to the Pyramids.
7- You ask a foreigner about his nationality.
8- You tell a stranger the way to the post office.
9- You ask your friend about his journey to Luxor.
10- Your friend wishes you a nice journey.









(12)
Test 2

A) Language Functions

1- Supply the missing parts in the following dialogue between Youssef and Ramy about traveling abroad:
Youssef: Have you ever been abroad?
Ramy   : ………………………………………………………………. .
Youssef: Which country did you go to?
Ramy   : I went to England.
Youssef: …………………………………………………………………. ?
Ramy   : I went with my father.
Youssef: …………………………………………………………………. ?
Ramy   : Two weeks.
Youssef: Did you enjoy your stay there?
Ramy   : ……………………………………………………………………. .

2- Write what you would say in each of the following situations:
  1- You can't hear what somebody is saying.
  2- You want to know someone's nationality.
  3- You ask your friend to open the window.
  4- You ask your friend about his age.

B) Vocabulary and Structure

3- Choose the correct answer:
1- Charles Dickens (bear-was born-born-is born) in the south of England.
2- They left for Rome after they (do-would do-had done-were doing) some business in London.
3- (While-When-During-As) Dickens was twelve, he went to work in an office.
4- Thieves and other criminals are usually punished by being sent to (prison-a gang-a workhouse-a hospital).
5- My brother (pays-earns-costs-gives) a lot of money from his job as a pilot.
6- Someone who writes for a newspaper is called a (journalist-novelist-teacher-geologist).
7- While he (works-working-is working-was working) as a journalist, Charles Dickens was writing magazine stories.
8- I don't want to be in (doubt-wealth-debt-dots) I'll have to earn some money.
9- He succeeded (because-so-although-as soon as) he was lazy.
10- Oliver Twist is a (letter-novel-play-poem) by Charles Dickens.

4- Correct the underlined mistakes in the following paragraph:

 While the boy was crossing the road, he was run by car. An ambulance carrying the boy to hospital. Before the police arrive, the car driver had try to escape but he can't. a) ……………………………..
b) ………………………………
c) ……………………………
d) ……………………………….
(13)
5- Read the text below, then write the word which best fits each space:

   After Shakespeare, Charles Dickens is probably the most famous writer in the English language. He was ……(a)….. in 1812. When he was a young boy, is father went …(b)……… prison. Charles went to London to ……(c)…… money for the family. At the………(d)..……of twelve, he was working for ten hours ……(e)….. day in a factory. Later he worked …(f)…… an office clerk.
a) ………………………..
b) ………………………..
c) ………………………..
d) ………………………..
e) ………………………..
f) …………………………

C) Reading Comprehension and Set Books

6- Read the following passage, then answer the questions:
       Helen Keller was born on June 27, 1880 in Tuscumbia, Alabama. She was healthy until the age of nineteen months when she developed a brain fever. The fever left her unable to hear, see or speak. Her father was a newspaper editor and was determined to find help for his child. He contacted Dr. Alexander Graham Bell to assist him. Dr. Bell found Michael Anagnos, the director of the Perkins Institution for the blind in Boston, Massachusetts. Mr. Anagnos sent one of his best students, Annie Sullivan to help with Helen.
    The students at the Perkins Institution made a doll for Annie Sullivan to give Helen. Ms. Sullivan began using the doll to spell the word doll in Helen’s hand. Helen learned quickly to make the letters. Helen learned many words and soon wanted to learn to speak. Miss Sarah Fuller of the Horace Mann School was her first speech teacher. Helen learned to use Braille or raised print for reading and soon wanted to go on to college. Helen graduated from Radcliffe College with honors in 1904. Annie Sullivan spelled books and lectures in Helen’s hand all through college.
    Helen Keller spent the rest of her life trying to make it easier for disabled people to learn. She fought for women’s rights, equality for minorities and worker’s rights. She won many awards for her work for the blind. Helen Keller died on June 1, 1968. She will be remembered by the world as a champion and hero of the blind and disabled people.

A) Answer the following questions:
1- What caused Helen to become deaf, dumb and blind?
2- What did Captain Keller do to help his daughter?
3- How did Helen Keller read?
4- Why was Helen Keller given many awards?

  B) Choose the correct answer:
   5-Who came to help with Helen from the Perkins Institution?
       a) Captain Keller     b) Mr. Anagnos        c) Annie Sullivan    d) all of these
   6-The first word Helen learned to spell was …………………….
       a) eat                    b) help                    c) stop                   d) doll
   7-Miss Sarah Fuller taught Helen Keller how to ………………………………..
       a) read                  b) speak                  c) see                    d) walk
(14)
7- Answer Only Four (4) of the following questions:
1- How did Oliver Twist lead a hard life?
2- What do you think of Mr Brownlow?
3- Why was Oliver punished when in the workshop?
4- Who adopted Oliver Twist?
5- What did Fagin teach the gang?
6- Show how Mr Brownlow was so kind.

D) The Novel

8- A) Answer the following questions:
    1- When did Augustus get a prize for a drawing? What was it about?
    2- How did Augustus’s parents help him to be an artist?
    3- Why did Augustus turn from painting people to painting the country?
    4- Do you think that Augustus has a good reason for never rising from his bed?

   B) Read the following quotation, then answer the questions:
      “And I feel certain that you will, because I’ve come to take it away.”
     5- Who said these words to whom?
     6- Where did the speaker come from?
     7- Why did the speaker come to the artist’s house?

E) Writing

9- Write a paragraph of seven (7) sentences about
                     "A story have just heard or read."

F) Translation

10- A) Translate into Arabic:
       1- Society should look after children especially those who live in workhouses.
       2- Children should enjoy their rights as adults do.

      B) Translate into English:
من المثير قراءة قصص الخيال العلمى.

العلم والايمان


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