لغة انجليزية 1 ثانوي - شرح Unit 1 : Famous Egyptians - الترم الاول بالصوت والصورة

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16122014

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. لغة انجليزية 1 ثانوي - شرح Unit 1 : Famous Egyptians - الترم الاول بالصوت والصورة




Unit 1 : Famous Egyptians
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Vocabulary

quiz                    أحجية /فزورة / مسابقة guess                                        يخمن
Nobel laureate         حائز على جائزة نوبل the Western Desert          الصحراء الغربية
author                                       مؤلف heavy rain                              مطر غزير
nuclear scientist                    عالم نووى fall / fell / fallen                   يقع / يسقط
mention                                       يذكر huge                                           ضخم
famous                                      مشهور quantity                                        كمية
high school مدرسة ثانوية                       collect                                        يجمع
girls' education                   تعليم البنات desert sand                       رمال الصحراء
headmistress                                ناظرة space scientist                       عالم فضاء
archaeologist                            عالم أثار space                                         الفضاء
important                                    مهم area                            مساحة / منطقة
magazine                                   مجلة atmosphere                      الغلاف الجوى
museum                                    متحف geologist                          عالم جيولوجيا
kind                                              نوع remote sensing            إستشعار عن بعد
statue                                          تمثال director                                        مدير
jewellery                                مجوهرات expert                                           خبير
the Rosetta Stone                  حجر رشيد satellite                               قمر صناعى
ancient                               قديم. عتيق underground                تحت الأرض / مترو
leader                                           قائد surface                                      سطح
wear / wore / worn                    يرتدى photograph                                 صورة
neck                                   عنق / رقبة project                                      مشروع
finger                                           إصبع advise (v)                                    ينصح
history                                        تاريخ advice (n)                                  نصيحة
historical                                   تاريخى astronaut                                رائد فضاء
shape                                          شكل land                                     أرض / يهبط
stone                                            حجر rocks                                         ضخور
metal                                         معدن modern                                       حديث
tools                                            أدوات soil                                             التربة
the Pharoahs                            الفراعنة layer                                         طبقة
professor                          أستاذ جامعى educate                                        يعلم
institute                                       معهد railway                                سكة حديد
technology                              تكنولوجيا photography                               التصوير
the United States           الولايات المتحدة Pan-Arab Games       دورة الألعاب العربية
femotosecond                       فيمتو  ثانية major                                       رئيسى
medal                                      ميدالية international                              عالمى
receive                                       يستلم internationally                             عالمياً
ceremony                                  إحتفال championship                              بطولة
remember                                    يتذكر champion                                     بطل
forget                                        ينسى sports                                      الرياضة
(1)
professional                              محترف qualities                                     صفات
footballer                       لاعب كرة قدم sports stars                       نجوم الرياضة
junior              مسابقة / مدرسة للشباب alive                    حى / على قيد الحياة
score                                 يحرز (هدف) sports man                     شخص رياضى  
goal                                           هدف the same as                   مثل / تماماُ مثل
grow / grew / grown                     ينمو influence                                تأثير / يؤثر
competition                منافسة / مسابقة society                                      مجتمع
games                                        ألعاب appearance                                 مظهر
points                                           نقاط talented                                   موهوب
squash player                لاعب اسكواش young people                           الشباب
young man                                  شاب first aid                           اسعافات اولية


Idioms & Expressions

do a quiz                    يحل امتحان قصير expert in (on / at)                   خبير فى
famous for                             مشهور بـ thanks to                                    بفضل
succeed in                               ينجح فى take photographs / pictures          يصور
talk about                            يتحدث عن work on a project      يعمل فى مشروع
on television                    فى التليفزيون land on the moon         يهبط على القمر
speak on the radio      يتحدث فى الاذاعة give advice on           يقدم نصيحة بشأن
interested in                             مهتم بـ lose to someone         يخسر أمام شخص
bring back                              يرد / يعيد go into space              يسافر الى الفضاء
walk on the moon      يمشى على القمر on holiday                             فى أجازة
was born in                             ولد فى good at                                  جيد فى
grow up                                       يكبر give up          يترك / يستسلم / يقلع عن
at the age of                          فى سن important for                            مهم لـ
make medicines                    يصنع أدوية note down                         يدون / يكتب
the Nobel Prize for chemistry
جائزة نوبل فى الكيمياء give back to                                 يرد لـ
thank for                             يشكر على have the chance to       لديه الفرصة لكى
all over the world      فى كل أنحاء العالم think of                                   يفكر فى


Verbs followed by nouns

 give (advice نصيحة / medicine دواء / points نقاط / a prize جائزة)  يعطى
 play (chess شطرنج/football كرة قدم/squash اسكواش/the piano البيانو)  يلعب/ يعزف
 score (points نقاط / a goal هدف) يسجل / يحرز  
 take (medicine دواء / advice نصيحة) يأخذ  
 win (a race سباق / a competition مسابقة / a prize جائزة / points نقاط)    يفوز بـ
          a match مباراة / a championship بطولة)
 

Definitions


 astronaut: someone who travels and works in space.        رائد فضاء
 geologist: a scientist who studies rocks and their history.    عالم جيولوجيا
 archaeologist: a person who studies buildings and tools from the past.  عالم أثار
 jewellery: things  that people wear round their neck, fingers, etc.     مجوهرات
 headmistress: a teacher who is a woman and the leader of a school.    ناظرة
 photography: taking pictures with a camera.          التصوير
 professional: doing something as a job or for money.        محترف
 expert: someone who knows a lot about a subject or is very good at something or a person with special skill or training.                                خبير
 junior: a kind of competition or school for young people. مسابقة/ مدرسة للشباب
 quiz: games where people answer questions. أحجية /فزورة / مسابقة    


Language Notes


 Let’s + مصدر ………………………..:  هيا بنا                
 Why don’t we/you + مصدر ……..?            و لم لا              
 How about + v. + ing  ………?                ما رأيك فى  
تستخدم هذه التعبيرات للاقتراح
- Let’s go out for a meal tonight.     (Why / How)
    Why don’t we go out for a meal tonight?
    How about going out for a meal tonight?
 
 let + مفعول  +  مصدر :          يدع / يسمح  
 allow +  مفعول +to + مصدر  :     يسمح    
  - Father let me use his mobile phone.      (allowed)
 Father allowed me to use his mobile phone.

 the first ….  + to + مصدر   :    
- No one came to the party before Tom.  (Tom was…..)
    Tom was the first person to come to the party.

 help + مفعول+ (to) +مصدر  :  يساعد    
  - The loan  قرضfrom the bank helped her to start her own business.

 What's his job: What does he do?
  - What's your father's job?   (What does…….)
     What does your father do?

 discover:     يكتشف (شيئا كان موجودا و لكنه كان مجهولا)
  - Christopher Columbus discovered America.

 invent:  يخترع (شيئا لم يكن له وجود من قبل)                
  - Alexander G. Bell invented the telephone in 1876.

 win: (a medal / a cup / a race / a competition / a match / a game / a prize)        يفوز بـ / يكسب ( يليه الشئ الذى نفوز به أو نكسبه)
       - Who will win the next world cup?
   
 beat: يهزم / يفوز على (شخص أو فريق)
  - Simon always beats me at tennis.
  - Ahly beat Zamalik 3-0.

 Choose the correct answer:
1- Nabawiya Musa was the first Egyptian woman (to go-go-going-goes) to high school.
2- Nabawiya Musa wrote a book about (girls’-girls-girl's-girl) education.
3- The (master –head teacher- headmistress-headmaster) of my school is a good teacher and a very clever woman.
4- Dr Hawass wants to bring ancient things (up-down-over-back) to Egypt from museums in other countries.
5- Nabawiya Musa helped other women to succeed (at-in-about-to) education and work.
6- Dr Zahi Hawass is one of the most famous (archaeologists-archaeologist-astronaut-geologist) in the world.
7- Dr Hawass often speaks (on-in-with-at) radio and television.
8- (Astronauts-Astronomers-Archaeologists-Geologists) from all over the world have visited Egypt to study the Pyramids and other ancient buildings.
9- There are very big (states-statues-stations-rocks) of the pharaohs at Luxor.
10- (An astronaut-A scientist-A geologist-An archaeologist (is someone who travels and works in space.
11- (An astronaut-A scientist-A geologist-An archaeologist) is someone who studies rocks and their history.
12- Plants grow quickly in the (oil- soil- fuel- space) in our garden.
13- Many large, modern cities have (ground-underground-surface-space) railways.
14- Dr El-Baz is the world's greatest expert (in-with-by-of) remote sensing.
15- When I went on holiday, I always (played-scored-took-won) a lot of photographs.
16- When Ali was young, he (played-scored-took-won) football every day.
17- My football team (played-scored-tool-won) their match last weekend. They scored more goals than the other team.
18- My father is good (at-in-of-about) photography.
19- Our teacher is a real (geologist-expert-astronaut-astronomer). She knows everything about Egyptian history.
20- The pan- Arab Games is a (far- remote- near- major) sports championship.
21- Many young men want to become (professional-sports-educational-scientific) footballers.
22- When he was 16, my cousin won the (junior -senior- quality) tennis championship.
23- Dr EI-Baz was (bear –borne-bore- born) in Zagazig in 1938
24- We did a (major- quiz- junior –fair) at school today, I answered all questions.
25- A (photographer-photography-photo-photoshop) is someone who takes pictures.
26- It only rains every 20-50 years in ( an-a-the-no article) Western Desert
27- (Remote control- Remote seen- Remote sensing-Remote) is used to find water under the desert.
28- (Major-Minor-Senior-Junior) is a kind of competition or school for young people.
29- At the age of 16, he became the youngest player to win the Men's World Junior Squash (Championship-Champion- hero- match)
30- (An astronaut-A scientist-A geologist-An archaeologist) is person who studies buildings and tools from the past.

 Rewrite using the word(s) in brackets to give the same meaning:
1- Why don't we pay Mona a visit tonight?  (Let's)
2- What's your brother's job?  (What does……)
3- Yussef delivered his exam paper before every one did.  (Yussef was….)
4- She married when she was 25.  (age)
5- He left his job as a painter.  (gave)

Language Focus


Present simple Tense    زمن المضارع البسيط

 Form:   التكوين  
 المضارع البسيط هو التصريف الأول للفعل أى الفعل فى المصدر  بدون to  ونضيف للفعل حرف  sإذا كان الفاعل مفرد غائب أو  ( It , she , He )  
I, You, We      eat - run - walk - sing
He, She, It      eats - runs - walks - sings
 إذا انتهى الفعل بـ sh  / ch  /  ss / x /o   نضيف للفعل es مع الفاعل مفرد غائب
I, You, We      wash       - watch      - cross      - go    - mix
He, She, It      washes   - watches   - crosses - goes - mixes
 إذا انتهى الفعل بحرف y   مسبوق بحرف ساكن تحذف ونضيف ies  
I, You, We      cry - try      
He, She, It      cries - tries  
 إذا انتهى الفعل بحرف y مسبوق بحرف متحرك (a / e/  i / o/  u)  نضيف s فقط  
I, You, We      enjoy - play   - pray    
He, She, It      enjoys - plays - prays  

 فى حالة النفى Negation

  1- نستخدم ( don't)  قبل الفعل الذى لا ينتهى بـ (s / es)
  - I play football on Friday.
    I don't play football on Friday.
  2- نستخدم ( doesn’t)  قبل الفعل الذى ينتهى بـ (s / es) وتحذف (s / es)
  - He reads many novels every night.
       He doesn't read many novels every night.
    3- نحول sometimes – always – often – usually – occasionally  الى never
  - We always watch films on TV.
    We never watch films on TV.
- I usually go to school early.  
   I never go to school early.

 فى حالة تكوين سؤال باستخدام أداة استفهام نستخدم

   أداة إستفهام      + do / does +  الفاعل + الفعل فى المصدر……….…?  


  نستخدم الفعل المساعد ( do)  مع ( I - you - we – they )
  نستخدم الفعل المساعد ( does)  مع ( he - she - it )
 - Where do you work?             - When does he work?

 فى حالة تكوين سؤال بمعنى "هل" نستخدم

        Do / Does + الفاعل + الفعل فى المصدر……….…?


  - Do you work in Cairo?             Yes, I do.    No, I don't.
  - Does he work in Cairo?            Yes, he does.    No, he doesn't.
 إذا وجدنا verb to be (am/is/are)  فى الجملة نستخدمه ولانستخدم  do / does
  - What is his job?

 عند تحويل جملة فى زمن المضارع البسيط من مبنى للمعلوم  active إلى مبنى
   للمجهول passive  نستخدم:
     
Object مفعول + am / is / are + p.p.

- Somebody cleans this room every day.  (This room…….)
   This room is cleaned every day.
- They make American cars in Detroit.  (American cars……..)
 American cars are made in Detroit.

 Usage:  الاستخدام  

 يستخدم المضارع البسيط  للتعبير عن حقيقةfact                                  
- The sun shines in the day.

 يستخدم المضارع البسيط  للتعبير عن عادة habit  أو حدث متكرر repeated action
  - I walk to school every day.

 يعبر المضارع البسيط عن حالة أو موقف حقيقى دائم true situation
  - I live in Cairo.

 يستخدم المضارع البسيط مع الظروف الزمنية الآتية وتأتى فى نهاية الجملة أو أولها
   every day/ every week / every year/ twice a week / twice a month /
   on Sundays / on Fridays

- Rania goes to the club every Monday.
- Every Monday Rania goes to the club.
 يستخدم المضارع البسيط مع ظروف التكرار   و  تأتى:
أ-قبل الفعل الأصلى                          ب-بعد verb to be    
  always    دائماً  - usually   عادةً   -   often   غالباً - sometimes   أحياناً –
  not   often   - rarely    نادراً - never     أبداً – ever – frequently - occasionally
  - I sometimes walk to school.         - I never drive into town.
  - I am never late for school.           - She is always tired in the evenings.
 لاحظ أنه يمكن استخدام usually / sometimes أول الجملة أو أخرها
- Usually I walk to school.         I cycle to school sometimes.
 بعض الأفعال عادة لا تستخدم فى الأزمنة المستمرة مثل
    believe / forget / hate / know / like / see / understand / want
- I know what you mean.   I am knowing what you mean.


Past Simple Tense   زمن الماضى البسيط

@ Form:  التكوين
? يتكون الماضى البسيط من التصريف الثانى للفعل.
          play   à      played                            eat à  ate  


Ÿ Regular Verbs: الأفعال المنتظمة          
? هى الأفعال التى يضاف لها ed  مثل:
    visit à visited            want à wanted
? يضاف حرف   d للفعل المنتهى بحرف e  مثل                                        liveà  lived
? إذا كان الفعل ينتهى بحرف y/w مسبوق بحرف متحرك يضاف له ed            
   enjoy    à enjoyed                      show    à showed
? اذا كان الفعل ينتهى بحرف y  مسبوق بحرف ساكن يحذف و يضاف ied  
   carry à carried          study à studied
? إذا كان الفعل يتكون من مقطع واحد و ينتهى بحرف ساكن مسبوق بحرف متحرك يضاغف الحرف الأخير و يضاف ed
    plan à planned              stop à stopped          

Ÿ Irregular Verbs: الأفعال الشاذة        
? هى الأفعال التى لا يضاف لهاed   و تحفظ جيدا مثل:
     go    à went                break à broke              build  à built

 فى حالة النفى نستخدم (المصدرdidn't + )
   - They visited Japan.
     They didn't visit Japan.
   - He bought a new car.
     He didn't buy a new car.
 تحول (some)   إلى (any)  وينفى الفعل
  - He wrote some letters last night.
    He didn't write any letters last night.
تحول (some)  إلى (no)  ويبقى الفعل مثبت
  - He wrote some letters last night.
   He wrote no letters last night.
 فى حالة تكوين سؤال باستخدام أداة استفهام نستخدم

أداة إستفهام      + did +  الفاعل + الفعل فى المصدر……….…?


  - What did you eat yesterday?

 فى حالة تكوين سؤال بمعنى "هل" نستخدم

Did + الفاعل + الفعل فى المصدر……….…?

   - Did he buy a new car?     Yes, he did.    No, he didn't.

? يتم تحويل زمن الماضى البسيط إلى مبنى للمجهول passive  كما يلى:


object  مفعول + was / were + pp + by + subject فاعل

- Shakespeare wrote Hamlet.  (Hamlet)
Hamlet was written by Shakespeare.

@ Usage: الاستخدام    
?يعبر الماضى البسيط عن حدث بدأ و انتهى فى الماضى.
- He drove into town yesterday.  
? يستخدم الماضى البسيط لوصف أحداث تتبع بعضها فى قصة
  - He got into his car and drove into town.
?يعبر الماضى البسيط عن عادات و أفعال متكررة فى الماضى.
- He drove into town every day last week.
?غالبا ما نستخدم used to  للتعبير عن عادة أو موقف فى الماضى.
- When I was young, we lived by the sea.  (used to)
- When I was young, we used to live by the sea.
?يستخدم الماضى البسيط مع الكلمات الآتية:
    yesterday أمس  -ago   منذ - last….  ... الماضى  - in the past فى الماضى  
    once  ذات مرة - once upon a time  ذات مرة - one day فى يوم من الأيام        
    the other day(week-month-year) منذ أيام (أسابيع / شهور / سنوات) قليلة  
    in 2007 – from + سنة  + to + سنة – When I was… - How long ago - for

    - He wrote letters last night.
 لا حظ أن When = How long ago))
   - When did you start playing the guitar?   (How long)
     How long ago did you start playing the guitar?  

 Choose the correct answer:
1- It (rains- -rained- has rained- is raining) only once every 20 to 50 years in the western desert.
2- When I was young, I used to (play-plays-playing-played) tennis every day.
3- We (go-had gone-were going-went) fishing last week.
4- She (opened-was opening-has opened-had opened) a new office yesterday.
5- Nurses (look-looks-are looking-are looked) after patients in hospitals.
6- Ann (isn’t drinking-didn’t drink-don’t drink-doesn’t drink) tea very often.
7- I always (makes-make-am making-am made) silly mistakes when I’m taking an exam.
8- The earth (go-goes-is going-is gone) round the sun.
9- Dalia usually (play-playing-plays-is playing) tennis once or twice a week.
10- She often (feels-felt-feeling-is feeling) tired when she comes home.

 Rewrite using the word(s) in brackets to give the same meaning:
1- Mother is after me all the time to do my homework. (always)
2- It is his habit to drink a cup of coffee after lunch. (usually)
3- We go to the theatre from time to time.     (occasionally)
4- He hardly ever attends formal dinners at his club.  (rarely)
5- He was in the habit of smoking when he was young. (used to)
6- Every time I wash my jacket, its buttons break. (The last time…..)
7- When did you start playing the guitar?   (How long……….)
8- He is always late for work.   (never)
9- He earned a lot of money.  (didn't)
10- She studied engineering from 2001 to 2007.  (for)

Reading

Questions & answers

1) Nabawiya Musa

1- Why is Nabawiya Musa famous?
  - Because she was the first Egyptian woman to go to high school.
2- What did Nabawiya Musa do when she became older?
  - She helped other women to succeed in education and work.
3- What did Nabawiya Musa write in 1808?
  - She wrote a very famous book about girls' education.
4- Nabawiya Musa played an important part in education. Do you agree or disagree?
  - Yes, I agree because she helped other women to succeed in education and work.
5- What do you know about Nabawiya Musa?
  - She was the first Egyptian woman to go to high school. She helped other women to succeed in education and work. She wrote a very famous book about girls' education. She became the headmistress of Al-Mohammadia School for girls.

2) Dr Zahi Hawass

1- What is Dr Zahi Hawass famous for?
  - He is famous for being one of the most famous archaeologists in the world.
2- What things does he want to bring back to Egypt?
  - He wants to bring ancient things back to Egypt from museums outside Egypt.
3- Which magazine does Dr Zahi Hawass write for?
  - He writes in a magazine called “Egypt Today”.

3) Dr Farouk El-Baz

1- How often does it rain in the Western Desert?
  - It only rains every 20-50 years in the Western Desert.
2- When did heavy rain fall in the Western Desert?
  - Two million years ago.
3- Who found the underground water in the Western Desert?
  - Dr Farouk El-Baz.
4- What did Dr El-Baz use to find underground water?
- He used satellites to find underground water.
5- What do you know about Dr Farouk El-Baz?
  - He is a space scientist and a geologist. He is the world's greatest expert in remote sensing: the use of satellites to find water under deserts.
6- What is remote sensing?
  - It's the use of satellites to find underground water in the desert.
7- Do you think we should be grateful to Dr Farouk El-Baz? Give a reason for your answer.
- Yes, because he discovered underground water in the Western Desert using remote sensing. He made Egyptians proud.
8- Why is remote sensing so important in Egypt and other countries today?
- Because it is used in different fields in our life such as finding underground water and minerals.
9- Where does Dr El-Baz work?
- At Boston University in the USA.
10- What's Dr El-Baz's job?
- He is the Director of Remote Sensing at Boston University in the USA.
11- Where did Dr Farouk El-Baz work from 1967 to 1973?
- From 1967 to 1973, he worked on the American Apollo space project, which landed men on the moon.
12- What advice did Dr El-Baz give to astronauts?
   - He gave them advice on where they should land, and told them how to collect rocks and soil on the moon.
13- Where and when was Dr El-Baz born?
- He was born in Zagazig in 1938.
14- Which university did Dr El-Baz study?
   - At Ain Shams University.
15- Can scientists like Dr El-Baz change our lives now and in the future? How?
- Yes, they can. They usually discover or invent new things that make our life happier and more comfortable.

4) Ramy Ashour wins in Canada

1- When did Ramy Ashour become Egypt's internationally famous squash player? Why?
  - Ramy Ashour became Egypt's internationally famous squash player in 2007 because he won an important championship in Canada.
2- What do you know about Ramy Ashour?
  - He plays squash. He has won many international championships.
3- Where and when was Ramy born?
  - He was born in Cairo in September, 1987.
4- What did Ramy Ashour win at the age of 16?
  - At the age of 16, he won the Men's World Junior Squash Championship.
5- How did Ramy Ashour become famous at the age of 16?
  - He became the youngest player to win the Men's World Junior Squash Championship.
6- Do you think Ramy Ashour felt surprised when he won the Junior Squash Championship? Why? Why not?
 - I think so because he was the youngest player to win the Men's World Junior Squash Championship.
7- What qualities make sports stars like Ramy Ashour successful?
  - They are hard work, good practice and ambition.


Communication

 الصفات الآتية تستخدم فى وصف سمات و شخصية الفرد
beautiful  جميل / brave  شجاع / calm  هادئ / careful  حريص / cheerful بشوش / مرح
clever   ماهر / different   مختلف / enjoyable   ممتع / exciting   مثير / fit  لائق بدنيا
friendly ودود / funny مرح / great عظيم / hard-working مجد / مجتهد / helpful   متعاون
interesting   شيق / ordinary  عادى / polite  مؤدب / popular  شعبى / محبوب
strong   قوى / successful     ناجح

Greetings التحيات

 How do you do?                          - How do you do?
 Pleased to meet you.                 - Pleased to meet you, too.
 Nice to see you.                         - Nice to see you, too.
 Where have you been?              - I have been to………. .
 Fancy seeing you here!              - What a surprise!
 How nice to see you again!        - How nice to see you too!
 How are you?                             - Fine, thanks, and you?
                                                      - Not too well, I’m afraid.
 Happy New Year.                        
 Happy birthday to you.
 Welcome to Egypt.                     - Thank you.

Introducing people تقديم الناس

 This is ………………….                      
 I’d like you to meet………….
 May I introduce you to……….            
 Let me introduce you to………….

Response:
 How do you do?                              
 Pleased to meet you.

Introducing yourself تقديم نفسك

 May I introduce myself?                    
 My name is…………….

Seeking information طلب معلومات

 Where are you going?
- I’m going to…………..

Test 1

A) Language Functions

1- Supply the missing parts in the following dialogue:
   Ayman: Hello. I'm pleased to meet you. Welcome to Egypt.
   John   : Me too. Thank you.
   Ayman: ……………………………………………………………………….?
   Johh   : I come from England.
   Ayman: ………………………………………………………………………..?
   John   : I live in London.
   Ayman: How long will you stay in Egypt?
   John   : …………………………………………………………………….. .
   Ayman: Have a nice stay.
   John   : ………………………………………………………. .
   
2- What would you say in each of the following situations:
1- You want to know the price of something.
2- You invite your friend to your birthday party.
3- You suggest going to the club.
4- You ask your friend to lend you his new camera.

B) Vocabulary & Structure

3- Choose the correct answer:
1- An (accountant-electrician-expert-academic) is someone with special skill or knowledge of a subject.
2- Ramy Ashour (won-earned-gained-beat) an important championship in Canada.
3- Neil Armstrong was the first man (walk-walked-walking-to walk) on the moon.
4- From 1967 to 1973, Dr El-Baz worked (at-out-in-on) the American Apollo space project.
5- He (played-gave-took-won) me some advice about the best study plan.
6- He gave up his job and became a (sports-professional-profession-professor) footballer.
7- Amal (watch-is watching-was watching-watches) television every day.
8- In 1968, Neil Armstrong (walking-walks-walked-walk) on the moon.
9- Ali (scored-won-played-took) a goal in a school football match yesterday.
10- Plants grow very quickly in the rich (rocks-soil-sand-moon).

4- Rewrite using the word(s) in brackets to give the same meaning:
1- Mr Smith lived in Egypt from 1997 to 2007.  (for)
2- When I was young, I went to the beach every day.  (used to)
3- Ramy Ashour lost to Amr Shabana in the Hong Kong Championship. (beat)
4- He goes to school late at all times.  (always)

5- Read the text below, then write the word which best fits each space:

  Dr El-Baz is s a space scientist and a geologist. He is the world's greatest……(a)……….in remote sensing. It is the use of ……(b)… to find water under deserts. Thanks to the photographs he …(c)…… underground water was found in the Western Desert. He gave …(d)….on where the astronauts should land. He…(e)……..born in Zagazig in 1938. He was educated …(f)…. Ain Ahams University.  
a) ………………..……….
b) ………………………...
c) ………………………….
d) …………….……………
e) ………………………….
f) ………………………….

C) Reading Comprehension and set books

6- Read the following passage, then answer the questions:
        Elizabeth Blackwell was born in England in 1821, and emigrated هاجرت to New York city when she was ten years old. One day she decided that she wanted to become a doctor. That was nearly impossible for a woman in the middle of the nineteenth century. After writing many letters seeking تبحث عن admission القبول to medical schools, she was finally accepted by a doctor in Philadelphia. So determined مصممة was she that she taught at school and gave music lessons to earn money for her tuition تعليم.
      In 1849, after graduation التخرج from medical school, she decided to further her education in Paris. She wanted to be a surgeon, but a serious eye infection forced her to give up the idea.
       Upon returning to the United States, she found it difficult to start her own practice because she was a woman. By 1857 Elizabeth and her sister, also a doctor, along with another female doctor, managed to open a new hospital, the first for women and children. Besides being the first female physician and founding her own hospital, she also established the first medical school for women.

A) Answer the following questions:
1- How did Elizabeth Blackwell earn money for her tuition?
2- How old was Elizabeth when she graduated from medical school?
3- Why couldn’t Elizabeth Blackwell realize her dream of becoming a surgeon?
4- What are the “firsts” in the life of Elizabeth Blackwell?

  B) Choose the correct answer:
1- Elizabeth Blackwell emigrated to New York City in ……………………. .
a) 1821            b) 1831               c)1849             d)1857
2- The main obstacle that almost destroyed Elizabeth’s chances for becoming a doctor was that ………………………. .
a) she was a woman  
b) she wrote too many letters
c) she couldn’t graduate from medical school
d) she couldn’t establish her hospital.
3- Elizabeth Blackwell went to a medical school in ……………………… .
a) Paris         b) New York            c) England     d) Philadelphia

7- Answer only four (4) of the following questions:
1- What do you know about Dr Farouk El-Baz?
2- Why is remote sensing so important in Egypt and other countries today?
3- How did Ramy Ashour become famous at the age of 16?
4- Do you think Ramy Ashour felt surprised when he won the Junior Squash Championship? Why? Why not?
5- What is Dr Zahi Hawass famous for?
6- Nabawiya Musa played an important part in education. Do you agree or disagree?

D) The Novel

8- A) Answer the following questions:
1- Why did Augustus decide to take to his bed?
2- What did Augustus paint when he started his work?
3- Why was the immense man sure that Augustus would rise from his bed?
4- Why did Augustus consider drawing for the newspapers “selling his soul”?

   B) Read the following quotation, then answer the questions:
  “So I gave up the struggle, my heart was broken and I determined to take to my bed, never to rise again.”
1- Who said these words to whom?
2- What was the speaker’s last decision?
3- What made him take this decision?

E) Writing

9- Write a paragraph of seven sentences about:
    "A world champion you will never forget."
   
F) Translation

10- A) Translate into Arabic:
1- Ramy Ashour is a famous Egyptian squash player.
2- Neil Armstrong was the first person to step on the moon.

      B) Translate into English:
الدكتور زاهى حواس عالم آثار مشهور.

العلم والايمان


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