لغة انجليزية 1 ثانوي - شرح Unit 18 : Holidays with a diffrence - الترم الثاني

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16122014

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. لغة انجليزية 1 ثانوي - شرح Unit 18 : Holidays with a diffrence - الترم الثاني




Unit 18 : Holidays with a diffrence
Vocabulary
advertisement                            اعلان
advertise                               يعلن عن
adventure                                مغامرة
dolphin                                   دولفين
Join                                       يلتحق بـ
diving                                     الغطس
dive                                        يغطس
Pharaohs Rally                 رالى الفراعنة
race                                         سباق
the Sahara                    الصحراء الكبرى
beginner                                  مبتدئ
abroad                                فى الخارج
arrange                             يرتب / ينظم
fortnight                               اسبوعين
conservation                             حماية
conserve                                  يحمى
society                         مجتمع / جمعية
wildlife                              الحياة البرية
protect                                     يحمى
protection                        حماية / وقاية
beach                                          بلاج
excited                                     منفعل
organisation                             منظمة
sailing                                       الابحار
relatives                                     أقارب
teenagers                            المرهقين
activity                                      نشاط
sound                                صوت / يبدو
Global Challenge          التحدى العالمى
camel riding                     ركوب الجمال
luck                                             حظ
plan                                يخطط / خطة
climate                                     المناخ
coast                                       ساحل
local community              مجتمع محلى
expedition                  رحلة استكشافية
experience                                  خبرة
train                                          يدرب
training                                     تدريب
instructor                                   معلم
instruct                                       يعلم
meal                                          وجبة
rare                                             نادر
typical                 نموذجى / طبق الأصل
weather conditions          أحوال الطقس
uncommon = unusual            غير عادى
disabilities                                اعاقات
invitation                                    دعوة
invite                                          يدعو
the Indian Ocean            المحيط الهندى
the Red Sea                       البحر الأحمر
the Mediterranean           البحر المتوسط
tortoise                                  سلحفاة
safe                                             آمن
organise                            ينظم / يرتب
culture                                       ثقافة
comfort                                      راحة
convenience                 ملائمة / موافقة
rewarding                                مجزى
volunteer                                 متطوع
overcome                           يتغلب على
entertain                   يسلى / يستضيف
entertainment                           تسلية
outing                                        نزهة
prince                                          امير
princess                                      اميرة
environment                                 بيئة
environmental                             بيئى
locally grown                    مزروع محليا
local                                        محلى
oasis                                         واحة
midday                               وسط النهار
temperature                     درجة الحرارة
degrees                                    درجات
tour                                           جولة
dress                              يكسو / يرتدى
the Middle East              الشرق الأوسط
road accidents                 حوادث الطرق
injured                                     مصاب
friendly                              ودى / ودود
environmentally                           بيئيا
serve food                         يقدم الطعام
nature conservation المحافظة على الطبيعة
learning difficulties          صعوبات التعلم
extinct                                    منقرض
face                                          يواجه
resist                                         يقاوم
shelter                 مأوى / ملجأ / مسكن
project                                    مشروع
website           موقع على شبكة الانترنت
reserve                         محمية طبيعية              
edge                                          حافة
Idioms & Expressions
go away                             يسافر بعيدا
belong to                            ينتمى الى
make plans for                 يعمل خطط لـ
go diving                         يذهب للغوص
in the Red Sea              فى البحر الأحمر
for + مدة زمنية                            لمدة  
stay with                               يمكث مع
work for                              يعمل لدى
in + مكان / شهر / سنة                   فى
different from                     مختلف عن
go on holiday               يذهب فى اجازة
for part of the time        لجزء من الوقت
work with                              يعمل مع
last for                             يستمر لمدة
take photos                 يصور / يأخذ صور
stay in a hotel              يمكث فى فندق
have a great time       يقضى وقتا سعيدا
live in                                 يعيش فى
give birth to                                  تلد
on the edge of                     على حافة
stay out of                     يبقى بعيدا عن
look after                               يعتنى بـ
provide with                    يزود بـ / يمد بـ
catch a disease                  يصاب بمرض
damage to                                تلف لـ
close to                                قريب من
Language Study

 would prefer to + مصدر:          يفضل
  - I would prefer to have dinner outdoors.  

 the same age as: as old as  فى نفس عمر  
  - Amany is the same age as Dalia.   (as …….. as)
    Amany is as old as Dalia.

 look forward to + v. + ing:   يتطلع الى
  - I look forward to travelling abroad this summer.




(2)
Tapescript

 James is going away this summer. He's going to egypt with his family. They're going diving in the Red Sea for five days. They're staying with his aunt and uncle, who work for a delphin consevation society in Greece, for a fortnight. They've got two boys about the same age as James. He will be able to go out with them. He's really looking forward to seeing the dolphins in the wild.
 Helen is going on holiday with her older brother, David. She's going to india for a month with an organisation called Global Challenge, which arranges adventure holidays abroad. She is going to help old people  or work with children.

 
Reading & Critical Thinking

Global Challenge Holidays

 Global Challenge will give you an adventure holiday – and you will give something to the community you join. Our expeditions last for a month. Our friendly instructors will train you before you leave and will help you all the time you are away. Global Challenge arranges expeditions to 30 countries. Here are two people's experiences:
 James Hammond, from Australia, is in India. This is what he says about his experience: Before I came, I thought life in a small village with no television and a strange language would be difficult. But it hasn't been difficult at all. We've helped in a home for children with disabilities. We've had invitations for meals with Indian families. Our instructor Michael has taken us for a day's sailing on the Indian Ocean.
 Olivia Owen, from London, is in Egypt. This is what she says: The Mediterranean coast of Egypt is beautiful and has a wonderful climate. I've spent a lot of time here helping a tortoise conservation society. The Egyptian tortoise is one of the smallest and rarest tortoises in the world. Unfortunately, people are building on many of the places where the tortoises usually live, so we are finding new, safe homes for them to live in.

Questions & answers

1- How many countries does Global Challenge organise expeditions to?
  - It organises expeditions to 30 countries.

2- Are Global Challenge holidays different from ordinary holidays?
 - Yes, they are adventure holidays that also help communities.
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3- What happens before young people go on Global Challenge holidays?
 - The friendly instructors will train them.

4- Why did James think living in the Indian village would be difficult?
 - Because there was no television and there was a strange language.

5- How does James help in the local community?
 - He helps in a home for children with disabilities.

6- Why does the Egyptian Tortoise need help?
 - Because it is very rare and people are building on many of the places where it usually lives.

7- What has Olivia done to help the tortoises?
 - She has been finding new, safe homes for them to live in.

8- What kind of training would James and Olivia need before they went to India and Egypt?
 - James would need to learn how to help children with disabilities.  Olivia would have to learn how to help tortoises. They would also need to learn how to adapt to their new cultures.

9- How do you think the Global challenge instructors help the young people during the expedition?
 - They probably check that they are happy and healthy and help them with any questions or worries they may have.

10- What differences would James notice between life in an Indian village and life in Australia?
  - In India, he would not have the comforts and modern conveniences of Australia - there would be no television, may be no electricity, etc….. .

11- What do you think James and Olivia's experience will teach them about themselves and life?
  - They will probably learn that people live very different lives, that animals and people need help and protection, and that helping people and animals can be rewarding.

12- Do you think life would be difficult in a small village with no television?
  - No, although they would have to find other forms of entertainment and information.

13- Why do you think the language was not a problem for James?
  - Probably because the village people were very friendly, so they were able to overcome communication difficulties.

(4)
14- How do you think James helped in the home for children with disabilities?
  - He could have taught them or entertained them, or taken them on outings or helped to feed and dress them.

Unusual hotel for Prince Charles and Camilla

 When the British queen's son, Prince Charles, and his wife Camilla came to Egypt in March 2006, they spent a night in an unusual hotel on the edge of the Sahara Desert. The Adrere Amellal Ecolodge is an environmentally friendly hotel that has no electricity. People who stay there are given locally-grown food.
 The day before, Prince Charles had visited the oasis town of Siwa close to Libya. With Siwa having a midday temperature of 35 degrees, he did everything he could to keep cool, wearing a hat and staying out of the sun. Camilla spent time talking to a group of local women and then looked round the market.
 Prince Charles and Camilla were in Egypt as part of a tour of the Middle East. On their visit, they also went to an animal hospital in Cairo, which looks after horses injured in road accidents, and they visited Al-Azhar University, one of the oldest universities in the world.

Questions & answers

1- Did Prince Charles and Camilla visit Egypt only in 2006?
 - No, they went to other countries in the Middle East.

2- Why was their hotel unusual?
 - It had no electricity. It is environmentally friendly. It serves locally-grown food.
3- Why did Prince Charles stay out of the sun? Where was he?
 - To keep cool. He was in Siwa.

4- Do you think Prince Charles and Camilla enjoyed staying in the hotel? Why? Why not?
 - I think they enjoyed staying in the hotel because they spent unusual night.
 - I think they didn't enjoy staying in the hotel because there was no electricity. They were given locally-grown food. Charles did everything he could to keep cool.

5- Why do you think Prince Charles found it so hot in Siwa?
 - As there was no electricity so there were no air conditioners.

6- What do you think Prince Charles and Camilla enjoyed most about their visit to Egypt?
- I think they enjoyed the hospitality of the Egyptians most.
(5)
 Choose the correct answer:
1- I went (aboard-board-beard-abroad) for the first time last year. I went to Turkey.
2- My parents are trying to (arrange-decorate-fix-repair) our next summer holiday.
3- We usually go away (since-in-for-ago) a fortnight in the summer.
4- I belong to a (conversation-conservation-conversion-contrast) society that helps protect Egyptian wildlife.
5- I'm looking forward to (see-saw-seen-seeing) the dolphins in the wild.
6- James is going to go (dive-diving-dives-dived) this summer.
7- They are going diving (in-on-at-by) the Red Sea for five days.
8- An (engineer-instructor-architect-artist) is someone who teaches a particular subject or sport.
9- He is staying (at-with-in-of) his aunt and uncle in Alexandria.
10- How about going sailing in the Indian (Lake-River-Ocean-Canal).
11- It is better to live in a (dangerous-safe-dirty-untidy) place.
12- Global Challenge is an (organisation-charity-society-community) which arranges expeditions to different countries.
13- My uncle lives (at-with-in-of) Greece.
14- I belong to a conservation society that helps (prevent-pretend-protect-predict) wildlife.
15- He stayed in London for a fortnight. A fortnight means (one-two-three-four) weeks.
16- Helen is going (on-at-in-from) holiday soon.
17- He does a lot of (volunteer-careless-restless-vocal) work in the local community.
18- They have helped in a home for children with (abilities-disabilities-powers-proofs)
19- She is going to London (at-since-ago-for) a month.
20- Some hotels serve (local-locally-location-locality) grown food.
21- When I was in America, I had (inventions-invitations-inversions-dresses) for meals with American families.
22- She is going to do something useful (in-at-for-with) part of the time.
23- A (dog-cat-duck-dolphin) is a clever friendly animal that lives in the sea.
24- The Mediterranean (coast-canal-lake-river) of Egypt has a wonderful climate.
25- Helen is going to work (at-with-on-up) old people or children.
26- The new play (took-moved-lasted-began) for three hours.
27- Diamond and gold are very expensive because they are (available-rare-hard-rigid).
28- They will see each other again (in-on-ago-from) September.
29- I went on an (adventure-experience-terrified-frightened) holiday last year. It was very fantastic.

(6)
30- My brother works (on-for-up-out) a big travel agency.
31- My aunt and uncle have got two boys about the same (age-old-tall-high) as me.
32- A (tortoise-giraffe-hound-lion) is a very slow animal which can live for many years.
33- We went on (a tour-an expedition-a voyage-a flight) into the Amazon rainforest.
34- I'd prefer (have-having-had-to have) some coffee.
35- I'm having a lesson with my sports (member-teaching-lesson-instructor) this afternoon.


Language Focus

Direct & Indirect Speech
الكلام المباشر و الكلام غير المباشر

Question    الأسئلة

خطوات تحويل السؤال من كلام مباشر  direct  إلى indirect  كلام غير مباشر:
1- نحول فعل القول كما يلى

Direct Indirect
say / say to       ask
says / says to       asks          
said / said to       asked

يمكن أن يبدأ السؤال غير المباشر بأحد التعبيرات الآتية:
 I wonder – I don’t know – I’d like to know – Could you tell me
2- نحذف الأقواس و علامة الاستفهام و نربط بـ :
أ- if / whether  إذا كان السؤال يبدأ بفعل مساعد أو فعل ناقص.
ب- أداة الاستفهام إذا كان السؤال يبدأ بها.
3- نغير الضمائر حسب المعنى.
4- نستخدم الفاعل ثم الفعل مع حذف الفعل المساعد  do / does / did .
إذا كان فعل القول مضارع نغير الضمائر فقط
أما إذا كان فعل القول ماضى نغير الأزمنة  كما يلى:

Direct Indirect
Present simple                 مضارع بسيط Past simple                      ماضى بسيط
Present continuous       مضارع مستمر   Past continuous              ماضى مستمر
Present perfect                  مضارع تام   Past perfect                          ماضى تام
Past simple                 ماضى بسيط     Past perfect                          ماضى تام
Past continuous           ماضى مستمر   Past perfect cont        ماضى تام مستمر
Present perfect cont  مضارع تام مستمر Past perfect cont        ماضى تام مستمر
(7)
كما يتم تغيير الأفعال الناقصة كما يلى:

Direct Indirect Direct Indirect
will would can could
shall should won't wouldn't
may might can't couldn't

  كما نغير أسماء الإشارة و المكان و الكلمات الدالة على الزمن كما يلى:

Direct Indirect Direct Indirect
this that these those
here there now then
ago before today that day
tonight that night tomorrow the next (following) day
next year the following year
the year after yesterday the day before
the previous day
last year the year before
the previous year

Examples:
1- He said to me, "Will you come soon?"    (He asked me….)
   He asked me if I would come soon.
2- She said to me, "Do you want anything to drink?"    (She asked….)
   She asked me if I wanted anything to drink.
3- He said to her, "Do you need any help?"    (He asked her……….)
   He asked her whether she needed any help.
4- The policeman said to him, "Where do you live?"  (The policeman asked)
   The policeman asked him where he lived.
5- She said to me, "What's your name?"  (She asked me….)
  She asked me what my name was.
6- "Where do you live?"   (I wonder)
   I wonder where you live.
7- He said to me, "Why did you leave your last job?"  (He asked)
   He asked me why I had left my last job.

 Rewrite using the word(s) in brackets to give the same meaning:
1- He said to me, "When will the next exam take place?" (He asked)
2- "Will you come tomorrow?"   (He asked me if………..)
3- "Why are they buying a new house?"  (I don’t know)
4- He said to me, "What kind of work do you do?"  (He wanted to know)
5- He said to me, "Would you like to run your own business?" (He asked me)
6- Mother said to the children, "Have you eaten all your food?"
                                                                            (Mother asked..)
7- He said to me, "What are you doing now?"  (He asked me........)
(8)
8- He asked me if I had gone to the club the day before. (He said to me ..)
9- He said, "Why were you absent?" (He asked why)
10- The doctor said to the patient, "Do you smoke?"  (asked)
11- "Where do you live?" ( He wanted to know )
12- He wanted to know the price of my new suit. ( He asked me )
13- "Did you meet your friend yesterday?" (I wanted to know)
14- I said to Ramy, "Do you play any sports?" (I wanted to know)
15- Azza said to Samia, "Are you going to stay in a hotel?" (asked)

 Choose the correct answer:
1- He asked me if I (go-would go-went-had gone) to the club the night before.
2- I wondered why my father (drive-was driving-is driving-drives) so fast.
3- She asked if I (want-will want-wanted-have wanted) to help her.
4- He wanted to know when I (would travel-will travel-have travelled-travelling) to America.
5- He asked me what I was doing (now-then-than-here).
6- I (said-told-ordered-asked) him why he looked unhappy.
7- The manager wondered when (had I begun-I begin-did I begin-I had begun) working as a secretary.
8- I asked him where (did he live-he lived-he live-will he live).
9- She asked me (if-that-unless-whatever) I could help her.
10- He asked her what (is her name-was her name-her name is-her name was).

3) Orders requests and advice

خطوات تحويل الطلب من كلام مباشرdirect  إلى كلام غير مباشرindirect:
1- نحول said to  إلى asked / told / advised / warned / begged .
2- نحذف الأقواس و نربط بـ:
أ- to  إذا كان الأمر مثبت
ب- not to  إذا كان الأمر منفى.
3- نستخدم المصدر بعد  to / not to  .
4- إذا كان فعل القول مضارع تتغير الضمائر فقط أما إذا كان فعل القول ماضى نغير الأزمنة و الكلمات الدالة عليها و أسماء الإشارة و المكان.

Examples:
1- He said to me, "Open the door, please."   (He asked me…….)
   He asked me to open the door.
2- I said to Gamila, "Go to the doctor."  (I advised……)
   I advised Gamila to go to the doctor.
3- "Take the patient's temperature."  (I told you….)
  I told you to take the patient's temperature.

(9)
4- I said to her, "Sit down."  (I asked her…)
   I asked her to sit down.
5- He said to me, "Don’t play with fire."   (He warned me..)
    He warned me not to play with fire.


 Rewrite using the word(s) in brackets to give the same meaning:
1- He said to me, "Please give me some money."   (He asked me….)
2- He said to the children. "Don't talk while eating."  (He ordered ………)
3- He said to the boys, "Don't play here or you'll be punished."  (He warned…)
4- "Read the instructions before you switch on the machine."
                                                           (He told the customer….)
5- My father advised me not to waste my time.  (My father said to me ……)


 Choose the correct answer:
1- The doctor advised me (don't smoke-not smoke-not to smoke-no to smoke).
2- I told Ali (to be-be-be to-being) careful crossing the road.
3- Mother warned me (don't play-not to play-didn't play-doesn't) play with fire.
4- Father advised me (study-studied-studying-to study) hard.
5- The officer ordered the soldiers (to fire-fired-firing-fires).

العلم والايمان


الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل

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