لغة انجليزية 1 ثانوي - شرح Unit 17 : Sherlock Holmes - الترم الثاني

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. لغة انجليزية 1 ثانوي - شرح Unit 17 : Sherlock Holmes - الترم الثاني




Unit 17  Sherlock Holmes
Vocabulary
character                               شخصية
crime                                       جريمة
illegal                                 غير قانونى
action                                        عمل
punish                                      يعاقب
decorate                                     يزين
paint                                         يدهن
detective                            مخبر سرى
landlady                         صاحبة المنزل
landlord                         صاحب المنزل
rent                                       يستأجر
scene        مشهد (فى فيلم أو مسرحية)
solve                                           يحل
problem                                  مشكلة
museum                                   متحف
real                                        حقيقى
fictional                                   خيالى
protect                                     يحمى
government                             حكومة
fans                                    مشجعين
study                             حجرة المكتب
pipe                           غليون (التدخين)
Victorian      متعلق بعصر الملكة فيكتوريا
unfortunately                      لسوء الحظ
model                                       نموذج
description                                 وصف
steal / stole / stolen                   يسرق
kill                                             يقتل
mystery                                   غموض
physical injury                    اصابة بدنية
police officer                     ضابط شرطة
terrified expressionتعبير يدل على الخوف
garage                                      ورشة
interview                        يجرى حوار مع
repair = fix                                 يصلح
immediately = at once           فى الحال
hound                                  كلب صيد
inherit                                        يرث
hunt                                         يصطاد
harm = damage                 ضرر / اصابة
attack                            هجوم / اعتداء
investigate     يفتش / يبحث / يحقق فى
legend                                   أسطورة
brave                                       شجاع
adventure                                مغامرة
physical                                     بدنى
mental                                      عقلى
advise                                        ينصح
advice                                      نصيحة
member                                      عضو
enormous                                  ضخم
wild dog                            كلب شرس
criminal                                     مجرم
frightened                                 خائف
bite / bit / bitten                         يعض
unexpected                          غير متوقع
shoot / shot / shot         يطلق النار على
gun                                       مسدس
emotions                                انفعالات
surprised                               مندهش
worried                                       قلق
bored                               يشعر بالملل
boring                                        ممل
interested                                  مهتم
terrified                                   مرعوب
footprints                              اثار أقدام
fingerprints                     بصمات الاصابع
train                                          يدرب
feed / fed / fed                           يطعم
realise                                        يدرك
ordinary                                    عادى
drown                                       يغرق
escape                                       يهرب
need                   احتياج / حاجة / يحتاج
basic                                     أساسية
health care                        رعاية صحية
difference                                اختلاف
hungry                                     جوعان
thirsty                                   عطشان
puzzle                                           لغز  
flatmates                           رفاق الشقة
goldfish                    سمك ذهبى اللون
bowl                        وعاء كروى الشكل
clue                            مفتاح (لحل لغز)
Language Study

 base …… on:   يبنى ....... على        
  - Charles Dickens based his character on people he knew.

 pay ……. for:  يدفع لـ ...... ثمن    
  - He pays his landlady for his flat every month.

 by law: بالقانون    
  - A crime is an illegal action that can be punished by law.

 responsible for:  مسئول عن          
  - Paul is responsible for the efficient running of the office.

 solve: find an answer to:  يحل (مشكلة / لغز)  
  - The police are still no nearer to solving the crime.

 break into:   يقتحم  
  - They broke into the bank yesterday.

 go up:  يصعد    
  - The old man can't go up to the third floor.

 at + رقم المنزل  + اسم الشارع :
  - He lives at 14 Manyal Street.

 have a visit from:  لديه زيارة من    
  - We had a visit from the school inspector last week.

 worried about:  قلق على  
  - She is worried about losing her job.

 ask for:  يطلب  
  - He asked for his teacher's advice about the best study plan.

 believe in:  يؤمن بـ  
  - Some people strongly believe in magic.

 laugh at:  يسخر من  
  - If you say that, people will laugh at you.
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Tapescript

Sherlock Holmes

 Sherlock Holmes and his friend Dr Watson lived at 221 Baker Street between 1881 and 1894. This building is now the Sherlock Holmes Museum.
 Sherlock Holmes wasn't a real person. He was a fictional detective who was invented by the writer, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.
 However, to many people he is very real. Some people believe that the character was based on a doctor who once taught the writer.
 The house itself, which is protected by the government, was built in 1815. It has been visited by millions of Sherlock Holmes's fans from all over the world.  
 On the first floor, you can see the famous study where many crimes were discussed and solved by the detective and his doctor friend. You can also see his hat, pipe and chair.
 on the second floor you can see Dr Watson’s bedroom at the back and Mrs Hudson's room at the front. Mrs Hudson was Holmes and Watson’s landlady.
 On the third floor you can see models of famous scenes from Sherlock Holmes's stories.


Reading & Critical Thinking

The Hound of the Baskervilles

 Sherlock Holmes and Watson have a visit from a man called Dr Mortimer. He wants Holmes's advice before he goes to see his friend Sir Henry Baskerville. Sir Henry is the last member of the Baskerville family and is going to inherit the family home, Baskerville Hall, in the west of England. Mortimer is worried about Henry and tells Holmes and Watson an old legend about a wild dog. It is called the Hound of the Baskervilles and it killed Sir Hugo Baskerville hundreds of years earlier. It has also killed other members of the Baskerville family since then. The legend says that this dog will kill anyone called Baskerville.
 At first, the detective laughs at the story, but then Dr Mortimer tells him about Henry's uncle, Sir Charles Baskerville, who has just been found dead in his garden. He had no physical injuries, but he had died with a terrified expression on his face. Also near his body there were the footprints of an enormous dog. Suddenly, Holmes is very interested and goes to Baskerville Hall to investigate.
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 Holmes and Watson solve the crime. They discover that the criminal is called Stapleton, a cousin of the Baskervilles who wants to inherit the family home. He knows the legend of the hound, and trains a black dog to kill the first person it sees. He doesn't feed the dog because he wants to make it very hungry. However, when he sends it to kill Sir Henry Baskerville, Holmes and Watson are waiting. When they shoot the dog, everyone realises that the hound is just an ordinary dog. Stapleton drowns as he is trying to escape.

Questions & answers

1- Who lives in the west of England?
  - Sir Henry Baskerville.

2- What does the Hound of the Baskervilles look like?
  - It is enormous and black.

3- Who is Stapleton?
 - He is a criminal and cousin of the Baskervilles.

4- What is the legend of the wild do in The Hound of the Baskervilles?
 - The legend says the dog will kill anyone called Baskerville.

5- Do you think Egyptians believe in legends? Name a legend that you have heard of.
   - Some might believe legends like the legend of the Bride عروس of the Nile, the legend of Osiris and Isis. Some are true, but made larger than like, like the legend of Abu Zaid Al Helali, Ra'fat El Hagan and Adham El Sharkawi.

6- Why do people like legends?
 - Because they are interesting and arouse their interest.

7- Where is Baskerville Hall?
 - In the west of England.

8- What is Sir Henry going to inherit?
 - He is going to inherit the family home, the Baskerville Hall.

9- How did Sir Charles Baskerville die?
  - He had no physical injuries, but he had died with a terrified expression on his face.

10- What did they find near the body of Sir Charles Baskerville?
 - They found the footprints of an enormous dog.

11- How did Stapleton's plan to kill Sir Henry Baskerville?
  - He trained a black dog to kill the first person it sees, he didn't feed the dog because he wanted to make it very hungry.
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12- Why is the dog kept hungry in The Hound of Baskervilles?
  - So that it can attack the first person it sees.

13- How did Holmes and Watson solve the crime of Sir Charles Baskerville's murder?
 - They discovered that the criminal is called Stapleton, a cousin of the Baskervilles who wanted to inherit the family home.

14- Why do you think Dr Mortimer chose to ask Sherlock Holmes for help?
  - Because he was a clever detective.

15- Do you think Dr Mortimer is a good friend to Sir Henry? Why / Why not?
 - Yes, he is a good friend to Sir Henry because he was worried about him, so he asked Holmes to solve the mystery.

16- Do you think Stapleton's plan was a good one? Why / Why not?
   - It wasn't a good plan as he depended on an old legend about a wild dog and not all people believe in old legends, so Holmes and Watson were able to discover him and shot the dog before killing Sir Henry.

Arthur Conan Doyle

 In 1859, Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle was born in Edinburgh. In 1876, he went to Edinburgh University to train to become a doctor. In 1881, he left university and worked as a doctor in South Africa and other countries. In 1885, he married Louisa Hawkins. They had two children. In 1887, he wrote his first story about Sherlock Holmes: A Study in Scarlet. In 1930, he died at the age of 71.

Questions & answers

1- Where did Conan Doyle train to be a doctor?
 - He trained to be a doctor in Edinburgh University

2- Where did Conan Doyle work as a doctor?
 - He worked as a doctor in South Africa and other countries.

3- How old was he when he died?
 - He died at the age of 71.

4- Why do you think Conan Doyle went to work in South Africa and other countries instead of being a doctor in Britain?
 - It is likely that there was a greater need for doctors in Africa. Perhaps he wanted to help people in Africa and may be he thought he could be more successful there.
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5- How can doctors help people in poor countries?
 - People in poor countries often do not have even very basic health care. A few trained people can make a big difference and save many lives.

6- Why do you think Canon wanted to be a doctor?
 - May be his father was a doctor. May be he had seen many sick people and wanted to help them.
 - May be he wanted to help people in poor countries where there were no / few doctors.

 Choose the correct answer:
1- Charles Dickens based his characters (in-on-at-from) people he knew.
2- It's a (scene-crime-fiction-game) to take things from other people.
3- The last (scene-room-place-sight) in the film shows a man running into the desert.
4- (A detective-A doctor-An author-An architect) is a police officer whose job is to discover the person who is responsible for a crime.
5- My brother is pays his (tenant-broker-landlady-land) for his flat every month.
6- A detective's job is to (answer-reply-write-solve) crimes.
7- A (fox-pig-cow-hound) is a dog used for hunting.
8- He (indebted-inherited-awarded-left) a good fortune from his father.
9- A (legend-story-novel-play) is an old story about brave people and their adventures.
10- I want to (arrange-decorate-show-depend) my room, but I can't decide what colour to choose.
11- He died with a (terrifying-terror-terrors-terrified) expression on his face.
12- Sherlock Holmes and Dr Watson lived (at-in-on-with) 221 Baker Street.
13- It's a crime to (rob-give-steal-offer) things from shops or people.
14- The old man can't go (off-out-over-up) to the fifth floor.
15- We laughed (with-about-on-at) his silly jokes.
16- The police are (investigating-testing-learning-killing) a number of people about the murder.
17- We (gave-took-bought-had) a visit from the school inspector last week.
18- Some people believe (by-in-with-about) ghosts.
19- Everyone was (angry-frightened-surprised-terrified) that he passed his exams.
20- The death of Yaser Arafaat is still a (scene-mystery-hound-law).
21- The robbers have broken (into-out-through-down) the bank twice this week.
22- Millions of Sherlock Holmes's (vans-fans-cans-pans) have visited the museum.
23- I've just (realized-relaxed-known-reached) that I forgot my money at home.
ملاحظات:
 إذا كانت الجملة منفية بـ don't / doesn't  نستخدم am not / is not / aren't + p.p.  أما اذا كانت منفية بـ  didn't  نستخدم  wasn't / weren't + p.p.
- The police don’t allow big cars into the city centre. (Big cars…..)
 Big cars aren’t allowed into the city centre.
- Mr David doesn’t allow smoking in his office. (Smoking….)
 Smoking isn’t allowed in Mr David’s office.
- Tom didn’t answer exam. (The exam….)
 The exam wasn’t answered by Tom.
 إذا كانت الجملة تبدأ بـ Nobody / No one   نحول  ever  إلى  never  إن وجدت. و فى حالة عدم و جودها ننفى بـ not  
- Nobody has ever beaten me at chess.  (I….)
 I have never been beaten at ches
 إذا كانت الجملة تحتوى على مفعولين يمكن أن نبدأ بالمفعول الأول و اذا بدأنا بالمفعول الثانى نستخدم حرف الجر to / for قبل المفعول الأول.
- He gave me a nice camera.  (I / A nice camera)
 I was given a nice camera.
 A nice camera was given to me.
 الأفعال آلاتية make/see/hear/watch  يليها مفعول ثم مصدر و عند التحويل إلى مبنى للمجهول نستخدم  to   قبل المصدر.
- He saw them go out.  (They…….)
They were seen to go out.
 نحول  let  إلى  allowed to   عند التحويل إلى مبنى للمجهول.
- He let me go. (I….)
 I was allowed to go.
 فى حالة وجود ظرف (adv.)  يوضع قبل التصريف الثالث.
- You must plan your work carefully. (Your work….)
 Your work must be carefully planned.
 فى حالة الأفعال المتبوعة بـ (to + inf.)  نستخدم (to be + p.p.)  عند التحويل إلى     مبنى للمجهول.
- I want you to tell me the truth. (be)
I want to be told the truth.
 فى حالة الأفعال المتبوعة بـ (v.+ ing) نستخدم(being + p.p.)  فى المبنى للمجهول.
- I hate people telling me lies. (being)
I hate being told lies.
 إذا كان الفاعل و المفعول واحد نستخدم ضمير منعكس (myself / himself / herself / yourself / yourselves / themselves / itself / ) ثم  be ثم  pp.
- He doesn’t let others laugh at him.  (be)
 He doesn’t let himself be laughed at.



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خطوات تحويل الجملة من مبنى للمجهول إلى مبنى للمعلوم:
1- نحذف  by  و نبدأ بما يليها و اذا لم توجد نبدأ بفاعل مناسب.
2- نحذف v. to be  و نضع الفعل فى نفس زمن  v. to be المحذوف.
3- الفاعل يصبح مفعولا بعد الفعل.
- English is spoken in many countries in Africa.  (People)
 People speak English in many countries in Africa.
- The metro is being extended.  (Engineers)
  Engineers are extending the metro.
- The house has been painted.  (We)
  We have painted the house.
- Some letters were typed.   (The secretary…)
  The secretary typed some letters.

 Choose the correct answer:
1- The homework (has been corrected-has been correcting-has corrected- corrected).
2- More electricity (will use-will be using-will be used-will have used) run the new factories.
3- Somebody (cleans-is cleaned-was cleaned-has been cleaned) the room every day.
4- Lunch (was served-was serving-had served-was being served) when we arrived.
5- My house (painted-was painted-was painting-were painted) last month.
6- Many accidents (caused-causes-are causing-are caused) by careless driving.
7- Don't let yourself (be laughed at-laughed at-laugh at-were laughed at).
8- I don't mind (helped-being helped-helping-having helped) by others.
9- When he returned home he found that his jewels (had stolen-were stealing-had been stolen-has been stolen.
10- Paper (invented-was invented-was invented-had invented) by the Chinese in the 2nd century.  
11- A new school (is being built-is building-has built-will built) to relieve overcrowding.
12- The men (have been dug-were dug-are dug-have dug) a hole in the road.

 Rewrite using the word(s) in brackets to give the same meaning:
1- Logie Baird invented television.        (Television ……………)
2- You can buy tickets on the day of the concert.     (Tickets ……..)
3- On a clear night, you can see the stars. (The stars ……..)
4- They built the cinema in 1995.       (The cinema ………)
5- Egypt launched Nile Sat 101 in April 1998.   (Nile Sat 101 ……..)
6- You must show your passport to the check-in clerk.  (Passports ……)
7- They painted the house and fixed the window.  (The house …….)
8- Sir Arthur Conan Doyle invented Sherlock Holmes.  (Sherlock Holmes ….)
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9- Sherlock Holmes solved hundreds of crimes. (Hundreds of crimes ……..)
10- Millions of people have read Sherlock Holmes Stories.
                                                              (Sherlock Holmes stories ……….)
11- Sir Arthur Conan Doyle wrote the Sherlock Holmes stories.
                                                      (The Sherlock Holmes stories ………….)
12- The house was built in Baker Street in 1815.  (They ……)
13- Someone has stolen my car.  (My car ……….)
14- The police don't think they'll find my car. (The police don't think my car….)
15- Millions of tourists visit Egypt every year.  (Egypt ………)
16- The ancient Egyptians built the Pyramids.
17- Shakespeare wrote King Lear.
18- People know Shakespeare all over the world.
19- People watch football in many different countries.
20- A new Sherlock Holmes film is being made.   (A British company ……….)
21- The museum has been visited by millions of people. (Millions of people ….)
22- The customs officials search our luggage carefully.     (Our luggage ……)
23- They have postponed the concert. (The concert ……….)
24- The referee cancelled the match because of the heavy rain. (The match ...)
25- They have already sent him a telegram.           (A telegram …………)
26- No one must ever break the law.  (The law…..)



Test

A) Language Functions

1- Finish the following dialogue between Tarek and Nader:
Tarek: Hi! Nader. What's that in your hand?
Nader: Hi! Tarek. I have just bought this mobile phone. Have a look!
Tarek: Great! But the screen is scratched. ……………………………………………….?
Nader: Oh! No. I haven't noticed that. What …………………………………………..?
Tarek: If I were you,……………………………………………………………. .
Nader: really?
Tarek: Yes, they must change it or ……………………………………………………. .
Nader: OK, I'll go now.

2- Write what you would say in each of the following situations:
1- A friend gives you a bunch of flowers.
2- You want to borrow your friend's camera.
3- You ask your friend if people still believe in legends.
4- Your friend tells you that his car has been stolen.

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B) Vocabulary and Structure

3- Choose the correct answer from a, b, c or d:
1- The room is very dull. We should …………….. it.
a) inherit             b) orbit                c) arrange              d) decorate
2- Sherlock Holmes is a famous fictional ………………………….
a) crime              b) detective           c) author               d) doctor
3- The last ……………….. in the book shows Catherine dying.
a) scene        b) film           c) crime               d) place
4- Rosie ……………………. her red hair from her mother.
a) inherited         b) arranged         c) realized             d) gave
5- A ……….. is a type of dog, used in hunting.
   a) Hound b) hour c) horse d) hotdog
6- The Hound of the Baskervilles was ………….. by Canon Doyle.
   a) wrote             b) written              c) writing              d) write
7- The Mona Lisa ……………………… by Leonardo Da Vinci.
   a) painted                b) paint              c) painting           d) was painting
8- A letter ………………… by the secretary now.
   a) is being written    b) is writing               c) is written   d) writes
9- You ……………… from the airport tomorrow.
a) will collect         b) will be collected           c) collected         d) collect
10- The museum has been visited …………….. millions of tourists.
a) with              b) of          c) from                d) by

4- Rewrite the following sentences using the word(s) in brackets to give the same meaning:
1- They built the museum two hundred years ago.  (was built)
2- The custom officials search our luggage carefully. (Our luggage…….….)
3- Someone will show you the way to the Pyramids. (You……….)
4- The police are searching for the bank robbers. (The bank robbers……….…)

5- Read the text below, then write the word which best fits each space:
      Sherlock Holmes and Watson have a visit from a man called Dr Mortimer. He wants Holmes's ………(1)……….. before he goes to see his friend Sir Henry Baskerville. Sir Henry is the last ……(2)…….of the Baskerville family and is going to ……(3)……. the family home, Baskerville Hall. Mortimer is worried ……(4)…. Henry and tells Holmes and Watson an old legend about a wild dog. It is called the Hound of the Baskervilles and it killed Sir Hugo Baskerville hundreds of years earlier. It has also killed other members of the Baskerville ………(5)………. since then. The ……(6)…….says that this dog will kill anyone called Baskerville.


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C) Read Comprehension and Set Books

6- Read the following passage , then answer the questions:
        The first Thanksgiving celebration was held in 1621. The writings of the Pilgrims tell us that about 140 people attended the three-day celebration. Ninety of the people were Indian men and about 50 people were Pilgrims. Only four of the Pilgrims were women. The long terrible winter had been difficult for the Pilgrims and many of the Pilgrims died because of illness and lack of shelter مأوى or homes.
              The Thanksgiving celebration was held after the Pilgrims had gathered their first crops or harvest. The feast was held outside because the Pilgrims did not have a building large enough to hold 140 people. The Pilgrims were thankful for the harvest and for the help of the Indian people in teaching them to grow crops in America. Without their help, the Pilgrims would have had little to eat. The menu for the first Thanksgiving included venison or deer meat, fowl, which included ducks, geese, and turkeys. Sea bass, cod fish, cornmeal, fruits and vegetables were also served. Games were played, singing and dancing were also part of the celebration. Praises were given to God for the harvest and for the Pilgrims that survived the harsh winter.
         Thanksgiving in America is celebrated on the fourth Thursday in November. Families prepare a meal similar to the meal prepared by the Pilgrims and Indians many years ago. It is a time for counting the many blessings we have received during the year and for spending time with family and friends.

A) Answer the following questions:
1- When did the Pilgrims and Indians celebrate the first Thanksgiving?
2- When do the Americans celebrate Thanksgiving?
3- Why did so many Pilgrims die during their first year in America?
4- How many people attended the celebration of the first Thanksgiving?

B) Choose the correct answer:
5- Which of the following was on the menu at the first Thanksgiving?
        a) Vegetables                           b) cornmeal        
        c) fruit                                     d) all of these
6- Why was the first Thanksgiving held outside?
        a) The weather was nice           b) The buildings were too small.
        c) They liked outside.                d) None of these
7- Why was the first Thanksgiving held?
a) to give thanks for their many blessings
        b) to have a party for the Indians
        c) to have a cooking contest
        d) to invite all their friend to see their new home
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7- Answer Only Four (4) of the following questions:
1- How did Sir Charles Baskerville die?
2- How did Stapleton's plan to kill Sir Henry Baskerville?
3- What is the legend of the wild do in The Hound of the Baskervilles?
4- Why do you think Dr Mortimer chose to ask Sherlock Holmes for help?
5- Do you think Stapleton's plan was a good one? Why / Why not?
6- Do you think Egyptians believe in legends? Name a legend that you have heard of.

D) The Novel

A) Answer the following questions:
1- What kind of a story do you think "Quick Thinking" is?
2- Why didn't Mckeown's work need any sudden decision?
3- Where did Van Lutjens keep the diamonds?
4- What did Van do when the ship gave a sudden violent roll?

B) Read the following quotation, then answer the questions:
   “When I got back, two men were just carrying him dead of heart failure.”
a) Who said these words?
b) Who was the dead man?
c) What was the cause of his death?

E) Writing

9- Write a paragraph of seven (7) sentences about:
           "A story that someone told you when you were a child"

F) Translation

10- A) Translate into Arabic:
1- Adventure stories appeal to most young men and women.
2- Tourists from all over the world come to Egypt to see its wonderful historic treasures and monuments.

B) Translate into English:
تنشئ الحكومة مشروعات عملاقة لتوفير فرص عمل للشباب و  زيادة الدخل القومى.

العلم والايمان


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