لغة انجليزية 1 ثانوي (الوحدة الاولي)

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30102014

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. لغة انجليزية 1 ثانوي (الوحدة الاولي)




لغة انجليزية 1 ثانوي (الوحدة الاولي)    
remote sensing إستشعار عن بعد influence يؤثر في
alive على قيد الحياة points نقاط
ancient قديم. عتيق photography التصوير
archaeologist عالم أثار geologist عالم جيولوجيا
article مقالة give back يرد. يعوض
astronaut رائد فضاء receive يستلم
shape شكل grow up يكبر. يربى
biography سيرة ذاتية hard-working مجتهد فى عمله
brave شجاع professional محترف
railway سكة حديد high school مدرسة ثانوية
ceremony إحتفال popular شعبى
champion بطل include يشمل
championship بطولة influence تأثير. يؤثر
cheerful مبتهج institute معهد
chemistry كيمياء talented موهوب
chess شطرنج internationally[adv] عالمياً
collect يجمع/يتجمع jewellery مجوهرات
critical نقدى . حرج junior صغير السن. ناشىء.
sand رمل land أرض. يهبط
educate يعلم leader قائد
education تعليم major=important رئيسى
soil التربة thanks to بفضل
space الفضاء modern حديث
squash إسكواش ordinary عادى
statue تمثال expert خبير
stone حجر fact حقيقة
society مجتمع nuclear نووى
qualities صفات Femto second فيمتو  ثانية
quantity كمية first aid إسعافات أولية
quiz أحجية . فزورة underground تحت الأرض. مترو
race سباق tools أدوات

Phrases and expressions
make notes/note down let's + inf
at the age of Shall we + inf?
thanks to [n/g] It's a good idea
give back she was the first… to + inf.
land men on the moon school for girls
was born in is called
win a prize one of the most + صفة طويلة
receive a prize see مفعول + v. + ing
take a photo / a picture what kind of …?
sports stars like (statues / jewellery)
win a championship the use of… is to + inf
the same as tell… (sb)… [how] to + inf
have a chance give advice on
on TV /  radio show … (sb)… how to + inf.
was educated at make new medicines
girls' education do a quiz about
write in/for a magazine go on holiday
(be) interested in (n) / (g) in a television program
(be) fond of speak on tv radio
(be) keen on thank (sb) for…

Prepositions
succeed in famous for interested in
grow up thank for good at
successful at ask about give up
live in made of+ made from
expert in/on land on work on
give back bring back know about

Words often confused
an astronaut : رائد فضاء an astronomer : عالم فلك
later : فيما بعد / لاحقاً                      latter    : الثانى / الأخير
director : مدير عام (شركة)
headmaster  ناظر                                                   headmistress: ناظرة
soil : تربة زراعية land : اليابسة

Verbs and nouns go together
give- gave -given : advice – points – a prize – medicine
play : chess – the piano-football
score : a goal – points
win- won -won : a race – a prize-a match-championship
take-took-taken : medicine- photographs

Definitions
astronaut a person who is trained to travel in space.
space the place, outside the earth
expert a person with special skill or training.
geologist a person who studies rocks and their history.
archaeologist a person who studies buildings and tools from the past.
headmistress a teacher who is a woman and the leader of a school.
soil the top layer of the earth in which plants grow.
underground under the earth’s surface.
jewellery things that people wear round their neck, fingers, etc.
ancient very old, historical
statue a shape, sometimes a person or animal, made of stone or metal.
major big, very important
photography taking pictures with a camera
professional doing something as a job or for money
junior a kind of competition or school for young people
quiz game where people answer questions.

Greetings التحيات

 How do you do?                          - How do you do?
 Pleased to meet you.                 - Pleased to meet you, too.
 Nice to see you.                         - Nice to see you, too.
 Where have you been?              - I have been to………. .
 Fancy seeing you here!              - What a surprise!
 How nice to see you again!        - How nice to see you too!
 How are you?                             - Fine, thanks, and you?
                                                      - Not too well, I’m afraid.
 Happy New Year.                        
 Happy birthday to you.
 Welcome to Egypt.                     - Thank you.

Introducing people تقديم الناس                                                   Response:

 This is ………………….                                           How do you do?                      
 I’d like you to meet………….                                   Pleased to meet you.
 May I introduce you to……….            
 Let me introduce you to………….

Introducing yourself تقديم نفسك

 May I introduce myself?                                   My name is…………….

Seeking information طلب معلومات

 Where are you going?                                   I’m going to…………..


Supply the missing parts in the following dialogue:
   Ayman: Hello. I'm pleased to meet you. Welcome to Egypt.
   John   : Me too. Thank you.
   Ayman: ……………………………………………………………………….?
   Johh   : I come from England.
   Ayman: ………………………………………………………………………..?
   John   : I live in London.
   Ayman: How long will you stay in Egypt?
   John   : …………………………………………………………………….. .
   Ayman: Have a nice stay.
   John   : ………………………………………………………. .
   
What would you say in each of the following situations:
1- You want to know the price of something.
2- You invite your friend to your birthday party.
3- You suggest going to the club.
4- You ask your friend to lend you his new camera.

A) Choose the correct answer from a, b, c or d :
1- Do you know what he is interested …………… at the moment?
a- for b- at c- in d- on
2- Eman wrote a book about education …………… girls.
a- at b- in c- on d- for
3- Nabawiya Musa was the first woman ……………  go to high school.
a- to b- for c- from d- on
4- ……………  things are very old and historical.
a- Modern b- Ancient c- Cheap d- Expensive
5- Dr. Hawass wants to bring ancient things …...from museums in other countries.
a- up b- about c- back d- in
6- My ……………  colour is green. I like it very much.
a- favourite b- hated c- disliked d- unfavourable
7- Jewellery that is made …………… gold can be very expensive.
a- by b- in c- from d- of
8- D. Zewail …………… the Femto Second.
a- made b- invented c- designed d- discovered
9- A …is a shape, sometimes of a person or an animal made of stone  or metal.
a- tower b- statue c- museum d- temple
10- Scientists are doing their best to …………… new medicines.
a- make b- mix c- take d- buy
11- In 1997, Dr. Zewail …………… the Benjamin Franklin Prize.
a- found b- earned c- won d- gained
12- My grandmother died …………… the age of 80.
a- on b- at c- from d- to
13- Plants grow very quickly in the …………… of our garden.
a- rocks b- lake c- soil d- floor
14- A/An …………… studies the history of rocks.
a- biologist b- geologist c- botanist d- archaeologist
15- Hatem …………… in Cairo in 1995.
a- was born b- is born c- borne d- was borne
16- Dr. Zewail grew …………… in Egypt.
a- on b- out of c- up d- into
17- When I was young, I …………… football everyday.
a- scored b- won c- grew d- played
18- Don't forget to bring a camera to …………… some photographs.
a- take b- make c- paint d- draw
19- Dr Zewail got to Nobel Prize …………… chemistry.
a- of b-in c- from d- for
20-The …………… is the area outside the earth's atmosphereغلاف جوي.
a- ocean b- space c- soil d- mountain
21- Is your grandfather still ……………?
a- dead b- alive c- young d- tall
22- Dr. El Baz is the world's greatest expert …………… remote sensing.
a- of b- at c- in d- out
23- Teachers ……… their pupils very much. They have an effect on their behaviour.
a- influence b- hate c- dislike d- ignore
24- A lot of training makes sports stars ……………
a- succeeds b- success c- successful d- successfully
25- Sophia enjoys …………… the piano.
a- taking b- scoring c- playing d- giving
27- Being …………… is one of the important qualities of a policeman.
a- beautiful b- slow c- funny d- brave
28- All successful people should give something ……………to society.
a- back b- in c- up d- out
29- It's good idea to give ……………  smoking.
a- out b- up c- back d- in
30- To earn more money, you should look for another ……………
a- job b- work c- game d- task
31- It will be difficult for the plane to ……………  because of the sandstorm.
a- drive b- land c- swim d- float
32- Remote sensing is the use of ……………  to find water under deserts.
a- plants b- rockets c- satellites d- ships
33- Dr. El-Baz worked …… the American Apollo space project from1967 to 1973.
a- out b- on c- to d- on
34- Thanks …………… satellites, scientists found underground water in Sinai.
a- for b- from c- to d- on
35- Nabawiya Musa was the …………… of a girls' school.
a- headmaster b- director c- manager d- headmistress
36- The newspaper my father works for is …………… "Al- Ahram".
a- called b- spoken c- said d- mentioned
37-Hassan took part in the school competition and ……………
a- earned b- gained c- won d- scored
38-When I was ill, my doctor advised me to ………… the medicine twice a day.
a- make b- buy c- give d- take
39- Because of his scientific achievement, Dr. El-Baz has become ……famous.
a- nation b- national c- international d- internationally
40- Dr. Zahi Hawass is a famous …… , he studies buildings and tools from the past.
a- geologist b- artist c- archaeologist   d- educationalist


A) Translate into Arabic:
1- Ramy Ashour is a famous Egyptian squash player.
2- Neil Armstrong was the first person to step on the moon.

      B) Translate into English:
الدكتور زاهى حواس عالم آثار مشهور.

The Present Simple Tense
A) Formation : يتكون المضارع البسيط من :                                                                         *
1- الفعل فى المصدر مع الضمائر I , we , you , they  والاسم الجمع
- We go to Alex for a holiday.
2- إضافة (ies – es – s)  لمصدر الفعل مع ضمائر المفرد الغائب (He, She , It ) والاسم المفرد

Ali / he
Mona / she
my cat / it visit +s
go + es
carry + ies visits
goes
carries
1- يضاف للمصدر (es) إذا كان الفعل ينتهى بـ :           ( o / s / ss / sh / ch / x / z )
go        goes          pass passes     finish              finishes

watch    watches       fix     fixes       buzz        buzzes

2- ويضاف (ies) للمصدر إذا أنتهى الفعل بحرف (y) وقبله ساكن بعد حذف الـ (y) مثل:
cry       cries                     marry         marries  
hurry       hurries                   carry   carries



B) Usage:
1-to express habits/repeated actions:    
* I walk to school every day.
2- to express situations/activities which are true for a long time:
* I live in Cairo.
* Hala works in a big bank.
3- to express facts that are always true:        
* The sun shines in the day.
أفعال توضع فى المضارع البسيط بدلا من المضارع المستمر .
4- Some verbs are not usually used in the continuous form:
believe يعتقد forget ينسى hate يكره
know يعرف like يحب mean يعنى
prefer يفضل see يرى seem يبدو
understand يفهم want يريد love يحب
- I know what you mean.                   - He wants to leave now.
C) Tense markers الكلمات الدالة  
Present simple with frequency adverbs:
Use these adverbs to say how often something happens.
أ- كلمات تأتى قبل فعل الجملة أو بعد (V. to Be )
always دائماً normally عادة usually عادة
often غالباً sometimes أحياناً generally عموماً
rarely نادراً seldom نادراً how often كم مرة
occasionally من حين لآخر frequently غالباً never أبداً

- Waleed sometimes comes late. - Waleed is sometimes late.
She is always tired in the evenings.
How often do you drink tea a day? - ……………………………………….
ب- عبارات تستخدم فى بداية أو نهاية الجملة :
- On [Fridays, Sundays] in [summer, winter, spring, autumn]
- Once, twice(a day / a week ..) every [day, week, month, year]
- Usually I walk to school.                     I cycle to school sometimes.
لاحظ أن حرف الجر (on) يأتى قبل أيام الأسبوع in يأتى قبل الشهور وفصول السنة :
D) Negation : النفى
( He / She / It ) doesn't + inf.
( I / We / They / You ) don't+ inf.
• They don't play music on Fridays.
• Reham doesn't go out every Saturday.
• I never drive my car during bad weather.
E) Question:
Do you like milk?                                           How old are you?
Does she know English?                              How many pens do you have?
Passive

 

** The carpenter uses a saw to cut wood.   * A saw is…………………..    
   ** Ali writes two letters every week. *……………………………………………….

The past simple tense
 A) Formation :                                               تكوينه

The second from of the verb. هو التصريف الثانى للفعل
كيف تأتى بالتصرف الثانى للفعل
regular verbs irregular verbs
1- بإضافة ed لنهاية الفعل
visit              visited cut             cut
put            put
2- بإضافة d لنهاية الفعل إذا كان الفعل ينتهى بـ e
close              closed buy            bought
catch          caught
3- بإضافة ied لنهاية الفعل إذا كان الفعل ينتهى بـ y قبله ساكن
marry    married             / cry     cried drive          drove
ride            rode
write           wrote

B) Usage :

1- an action that started and finished in the past :
- He drove into town yesterday.
- Dr. Zewail invented the Femto Second.


2- actions which follow each other in a story :
- On my way home yesterday, I saw an accident .
- He got into his car and drove into town .


3- repeated actions in the past.                              [used to+ …]
- He drove into town every day last week.   - People used to travel on horseback.

-………………………………………………   -……………………………………….
C) Tense markers :                                                                          
in the ancient times in the past             ago yesterday
تاريخ in + the previous last one day
How long ago from … to … once upon a time once
when I was
Ex: I visited New York two years ago.      
We bought a new flat last month.
From 1967 to 1973, Dr El-Baz was part of the American Apollo space project
I always got up early when I was a student.

D) Negation : (didn't + inf. )
• He didn't visit Luxor last year.
• When I was a student, I never slept late.
Passive

 

** Menna did the housework two hours ago.      
* The housework was done two hours ago.      
   ** Aya wrote the lessons last night.                                                    
* The lessons were written last night.
A- Supply the missing parts in the following dialogue :
Silva : ……………………(1)………………….….……….?
Azza   : It's a photograph of my town.?
Silva : ………………….…(2)……………….…..……….….?
Azza   : Next to the library? That's the cinema.
Silva :…………………....(3)………..………….………….?
Azza   : Yes, there's a post office behind the bank..
Silva : ……………………(4)…………….………..……….?
Azza   : My school? It's behind the park.
2-What would you say in each of the following situations:
1-You are going to have lunch but your brother hasn't washed his hands yet.
2- Your uncle is going on holiday in Britain , you want to remind him  which   side of the road to drive on while he is there .
3- You hear some people criticizing a friend's homework , you think the homework is quite good .  
4-You have told your friend something that is untrue, you feel ashamed .  
B) Choose the correct answer from a, b, c or d :
1- Our car ……………… down and we had to walk three kilometers.
a- broke b- breaks c- broken d- breaking
2- When the sun sets, day ………………
a- ends b- ended c- end d- ending
3- They used to ……………… fast.
a- driven b- drove c- driving d- drive
4- Are camels still used to ……………… things on their backs?
a- carrying b- carry c- carries d- carried
5- ……………… anybody else want to buy one of these shirts?
a- Does b- Is c- Do d- Are
6- He left for Paris two days ………………
a- for b- ago c- since d- till
7- What ……………… on Fridays?
a- Ahmed usually does b- usually does Ahmed
c- does Ahmed usually do d- is Ahmed usually doing
8- She usually ……………… the piano everyday.
a- practises b- practise c- practising d- is practising
9- Adel is an excellent linguist. He ……………… five languages fluently.
a- speak b- speaks c- spoken d- speaking
10- How often ……………… you go to the cinema a week?
a- have b- do c- are d- had
11- The moon ……………… the earth.
a- orbit b- orbits c- orbited d- is orbiting
12- He ……………… goes out. He is busy working all the time.
a- rarely b- often c- always d- usually
13- He ……………… as a teacher. This is permanent job.
a- is working b- worked c- works d- was working
14- The latest news ……………… that Egypt has won the cup.
a- were b- is being c- is d- were being
15- When he was young, he ……………… play football on Fridays.
a- used b- is used c- used to d- was used to
16- The brake is used for ……………… the car.
a- stop b- stops c- stopped d- stopping
17- The flood didn't ……………… us very much, thank goodness.
a- affected b- affects c- affect d- affecting
18 - His choice of words ……………… very good.
a- am b- is c- are d- be
19- I ……………… five pounds on chocolate every week.
a- spends b- spend c- spent d- am spending
20- On my way home last week, I ……………… a terrible accident.
a- see b- saw c- seen d- am seeing


C) Rewrite the following sentences using word(s) in brackets to give the same meaning :

1- I went to the zoo last month.
2- A Bunsen burner is used to heat things.
3- He used to smoke 20 cigarettes.
4- When I was in Tanta, I worked in a factory.
5- I check my e-mail from time to time.
6- It's my habit to visit my parents on Sundays.
7- I have a car but I don't use it very often.
8- Ramy usually sleeps early.
9- Computers are used for storing information.
10- Ahmed's hobby is collecting stamps in his spare time.
11-He always comes late.
12-He never comes early.
13-When did you finish your homework?
14-My mother cleaned all the rooms.
15–Ahmed will play then he will visit you.     (ago)
(for)
(no longer)
(used to)
(occasionally) (always)
(rarely)
(never)
(store)
(usually)
(is)
(doesn't)
(How long)
(were)
(after )


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لغة انجليزية 1 ثانوي (الوحدة الاولي) :: تعاليق

مُساهمة في 29/11/14, 07:26 pm  احمد بن ماجد

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