شرح الماضى التام لابنائنا الطلاب The past perfect

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17072011

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. شرح الماضى التام لابنائنا الطلاب The past perfect




شرح الماضى التام لابنائنا الطلاب The past perfect

The past perfect الماضى التام
He had finished his work before going home.
had+p.p التكوين
يستخدم الماضى التام ليصف حدث تم أولاَ وانتهى قبل حدث آخر فى الماضى البسيط


(after-as soon as - when - before - by the time - till- until)

After / as soon as (حدث أول) ماضى بسيط (حدث ثانى) ماضى تام

- After he had eaten his lunch, he drank tea.
- As soon as he had arrived at home , he watched TV.
- She bought a car after she had learned to drive.
- After he had left the factory, Dickens went to work as an office clerk.
Note:
After leaving the factory ,Dickens went to work as an office clerk
**** يمكن ان ياتى اسم الفعل بعد after كما فى المثال السابق
as soon as ,when , after *** قد ياتى بعدهم فعلين ماضى بسيط
After he left the factory , Dickens went to work as an office clerk.

ماضى بسيط because ماضى تامl
-Charles's father went to prison because he had got into debt.
- Oliver twist grew up in a work house because his mother had died
-Large numbers of people came to the cities to look for work because they had lost their jobs in the country.
-Many people died because they had been ill or hadn’t had food.

Before / by the time ماضى تام (حدث اول) ماضى بسيطتا(حدث ثانى) م
- Before he drank tea , he had eaten his lunch.
- He had eaten his lunch, before He drank tea .
- By the time he watched TV , he had arrived at home.
He had arrived at home , by the time he watched TV.
يمكن ان ياتى اسم الفعل بعد before
Before drinking tea, he had eaten his lunch

( Past Simple ‘negative’ ) till ( Past Perfect )
( ماضى بسيط منفى ) ( ماضى تام )
( didn’t ) + ( التصريف الأول ) until الحدث الاول

- I didn't watch TV until I had done my home work.

No sooner than
Hardly + had + ( الفاعل ) + ( p.p. ) + when + ( الفاعل ) + ( ماضى بسيط
Scarcely ( حدث أول ) when ( حدث ثانى )

No sooner had we finished our exams than we traveled to Alex.
Hardly had they known the news when they phoned me.
Rewrite the following sentences using the words in brackets to give the same meaning:-
1- zeinab ate a lot of chocolate then fell ill. (After)
2- I had breakfast and went to work. (As soon as)
3- Having played tennis at the club , I went home. (After)
4-Salma did her homework then watched t.v. (until)
5- Mr.magdi finished his work and after that he left his office. (till)
6-Nabil heard the news and telephoned his friend kareem. (before)
7- I took some some exercise and then I had a cup of coffee. (by the time)
8- We left home then it began to rain. (No sooner…/ As soon as)



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شرح الماضى التام لابنائنا الطلاب The past perfect :: تعاليق

مُساهمة في 02/11/11, 09:15 am  أمير عرفة

الله يحفظك

الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل

مُساهمة في 30/01/12, 03:38 pm  YYYYYY

جزاك الله كل خير

الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل

مُساهمة في 31/01/12, 01:51 pm  محب العلم

جزيل الشكر

الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل

مُساهمة في 16/11/14, 06:47 am  النمر الاسود

شكراااااااااااا

الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل

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